Slovakia
in Eastern Europe
Europe

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Koruna - SKK
Spoken languages:
Slovak, Hungarian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
SK
Internet top level domain:
.sk
Country phone prefix:
+421
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Slovakia

Slovakia with its capital Bratislava is located in Europe (Central Europe, south of Poland). It covers some 49,036 square kilometers (about one and a half times the size of Maryland) with 5,445,830 citizens. Slovak and Hungarian are the common languages used in Slovakia. Austria, Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine are bordering countries.

Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is surrounded by Austria to the west, Czech Republic to the northwest, Hungary to the south, Poland to the north and Ukraine to the east. The main reasons to visit Slovakia are its natural beauty, vivid history and great opportunities for relaxation (and due to the small size of the country, it is quite easy to combine all three). Slovakia has nine national parks, which cover a relatively big portion of the country and feature the tallest part of the Carpathian Mountain Range, the High Tatras, which offer great opportunities for mountain and winter sports as well as great vistaa.

Impressions from the Slovak capital

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Popular Destinations in Slovakia

Administrative regions of Slovakia

About the country

Namestie L. Stura 1
P. O. Box 35
974 05 Banska Bystrica 5
Slovakia

Phone: +421 88 413 61 46
Fax: +421 88 413 61 49
Mail: sacr@sacr.sk

The topography is rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south. The average density of population is about 111 per km². The climate in Slovakia can be described as temperatecool summers, cold, cloudy, humid winters. Potential natural disasters are flooding.

To reach someone Slovakia dial +421 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sk". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E). The sign for the locally used currency Koruna is SKK.

Three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red derive from the Pan-Slav colors; the Slovakian coat of arms (consisting of a red shield bordered in white and bearing a white double-barred cross of St. Cyril and St. Methodius surmounting three blue hills) is centered over the bands but offset slightly to the hoist side.

Flag of Slovakia

Slovakia traces its roots to the 9th century state of Great Moravia. Subsequently, the Slovaks became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, where they remained for the next 1,000 years. Following the formation of the dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1867, language and education policies favoring the use of Hungarian (Magyarization) resulted in a strengthening of Slovak nationalism and a cultivation of cultural ties with the closely related Czechs, who were under Austrian rule. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar period, Slovak nationalist leaders pushed for autonomy within Czechoslovakia, and in 1939 Slovakia became an independent state allied with Nazi Germany. Following World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted and came under communist rule within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004 and the euro zone on 1 January 2009.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 131) 49,035sq km
Land (World Rank: 130) 48,105sq km
Water (World Rank: 114) 930sq km
Forest (World Rank: 122) 10.80%
Comparative about one and a half times the size of Maryland; about twice the size of New Hampshire
Landborder
1611
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 26) 94m
Highest point (World Rank: 93) 2,655m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 106) 40.10%
Arable (World Rank: 32) 28.90%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 152) 0.40%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 122) 10.80%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 105) 869sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - acid rain damaging forests
  • - air pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
  • - Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 85
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
  • - Antarctic Treaty
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards flooding
Location
Central Europe, south of Poland
Climate
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Terrain
rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 118) 5,445,830
Deathrate (World Rank: 41) 0.99%
Birthrate (World Rank: 195) 0.97%
Growthrate (World Rank: 190) -0.01%
Migration rate (World Rank: 68) 0.01%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 206) 1.41%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 49) 38.80
Female (World Rank: 45) 42.30
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 130) 424,039
0 14 female (World Rank: 131) 402,284
15 24 male (World Rank: 129) 305,058
15 24 female (World Rank: 130) 286,902
25 54 male (World Rank: 111) 1,240,940
25 54 female (World Rank: 111) 1,215,260
55 64 male (World Rank: 84) 347,221
55 64 female (World Rank: 82) 383,852
65 x male (World Rank: 83) 325,738
65 x female (World Rank: 70) 514,532
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 173) 0.51%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 71) 77years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 61) 81years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 85) 74years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 27) 3.39
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 25) 6.00
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 37) 98.80%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 98) 20.50%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 38) 100.00%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 71) 24,850,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 66) 25,870,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 20) 10,600,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 19) 13,250,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 176) 35.10%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 73) 25.50%
Source renew (World Rank: 61) 11.80%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 95) 200bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 81) 130bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 42) 115,600bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 93) 9,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 61) 137,400bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 87) 84,290bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 44) 83,030bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 93) 36,470bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 81) 94,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 58) 7,868,000,000
Export (World Rank: 53) 3,000,000
Import (World Rank: 37) 0
Carbon footprint
31100000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 106) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 103) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 55) 8% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 74) -2% of GDP
National symbol
double-barred cross surmounting three peaks
National colours
white
Adjective
Slovak
Noun
Slovak(s)
Background
Slovakia traces its roots to the 9th century state of Great Moravia. Subsequently, the Slovaks became part of the Hungarian Kingdom, where they remained for the next 1,000 years. Following the formation of the dual Austro-Hungarian monarchy in 1867, language and education policies favoring the use of Hungarian (Magyarization) resulted in a strengthening of Slovak nationalism and a cultivation of cultural ties with the closely related Czechs, who were under Austrian rule. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I, the Slovaks joined the Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar period, Slovak nationalist leaders pushed for autonomy within Czechoslovakia, and in 1939 Slovakia became an independent state allied with Nazi Germany. Following World War II, Czechoslovakia was reconstituted and came under communist rule within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004 and the euro zone on 1 January 2009.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red derive from the Pan-Slav colors; the Slovakian coat of arms (consisting of a red shield bordered in white and bearing a white double-barred cross of St. Cyril and St. Methodius surmounting three blue hills) is centered over the bands but offset slightly to the hoist side

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 71) 170,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 83) 3.30%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 58) 31,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 143) 3.80%
Source industry (World Rank: 45) 34.80%
Source service (World Rank: 110) 61.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 109) 2,759,000
In poverty (World Rank: 144) 12.30%
Products
Industries
  • - automobiles
  • - beverages
  • - ceramics
  • - chemicals
  • - coke
  • - earthenware
  • - electrical
  • - electricity
  • - food
  • - gas
  • - machinery
  • - metal
  • - metal products
  • - nuclear fuel
  • - oil
  • - optical apparatus
  • - paper products
  • - pharmaceutical
  • - rubber products
  • - synthetic fibers
  • - textiles
  • - wood
Agriculture
  • - cattle
  • - forest products
  • - fruit
  • - grains
  • - hops
  • - pigs
  • - potatoes
  • - poultry
  • - sugar beets
Exports
  • - electrical equipment
  • - fuels
  • - furnaces
  • - iron
  • - machinery
  • - mineral oils
  • - nuclear reactors
  • - related parts
  • - steel
  • - vehicles
Imports
  • - electrical equipment
  • - fuel
  • - furnaces
  • - machinery
  • - mineral oils
  • - nuclear reactors
  • - related parts
  • - vehicles

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 84) 823,594
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 116) 15.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 58) 128.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 82) 4,382,560
Population (World Rank: 41) 80.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 76) 21.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 121) 14.00
Heliports (World Rank: 73) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 52) 3,626
Road
Total length (World Rank: 75) 54,869
Water
Total length (World Rank: 101) 172.00