Czechia
in Eastern Europe
Europe

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Koruna - CZK
Spoken languages:
Czech, Slovak
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
CZ
Internet top level domain:
.cz
Country phone prefix:
+420
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Czechia

Czechia with its capital Prague is located in Europe (Central Europe, between Germany). It covers some 78,868 square kilometers (about two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania) with a population of 10,674,700. Czech and Slovak are the languages spoken by people in Czechia. Austria, Germany, Poland and Slovakia are bordering countries.

Czech Republic (or Czechia) is a small landlocked country in Central Europe, situated south-east of Germany. The Czech Republic is not a large country but has a rich and eventful history. Driving in the Czech Republic is not as expensive as it is in other countries. Though Czech Republic is the country where modern beer was invented it is strictly illegal to drive a motor vehicle under the influence of any amount of alcohol. Czech people are very proud of their language, thus outside of the main tourist areas you will not find many signs written in English. Many older people, especially outside the large cities, are also unable to converse in English, so it's a good advice to learn some Czech or Slovak beforehand. The Czech Republic contains an impressive amount of architectural highlights and has beautiful landscapes to see.

Popular Destinations in Czechia

Administrative regions of Czechia

About the country

Official logo of Czechia tourism

Website: Czechia Tourism

Mail: info@czechcenter.com

The topography is Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains with Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country. The average density of population is about 135 per km². The climate in Czechia can be described as temperatecool summers, cold, cloudy, humid winters. Potential natural disasters are flooding.

To reach someone Czechia dial +420 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".cz". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E). The sign for the locally used currency Koruna is CZK.

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side.

Flag of Czechia

At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises Czechia, and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. The country changed its short-form name to Czechia in 2016.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 117) 78,867sq km
Land (World Rank: 116) 77,247sq km
Water (World Rank: 95) 1,620sq km
Forest (World Rank: 119) 12.80%
Comparative about two-thirds the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than South Carolina
Landborder
2143
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 24) 115m
Highest point (World Rank: 141) 1,602m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 58) 54.80%
Arable (World Rank: 13) 41.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 124) 1.00%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 119) 12.80%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 123) 320sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - acid rain damaging forests
  • - air and water pollution in areas of northwest Bohemia and in northern Moravia around Ostrava present health risks
  • - efforts to bring industry up to EU code should improve domestic pollution
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
  • - Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 85
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
  • - Antarctic Treaty
  • - Antarctic-Environmental Protocol
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards flooding
Location
Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria
Climate
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Terrain
Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 87) 10,674,700
Deathrate (World Rank: 31) 1.05%
Birthrate (World Rank: 200) 0.93%
Growthrate (World Rank: 185) 0.12%
Migration rate (World Rank: 40) 0.23%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 202) 1.45%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 28) 40.80
Female (World Rank: 34) 43.40
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 105) 831,150
0 14 female (World Rank: 105) 786,984
15 24 male (World Rank: 105) 527,232
15 24 female (World Rank: 106) 496,530
25 54 male (World Rank: 72) 2,403,330
25 54 female (World Rank: 76) 2,276,260
55 64 male (World Rank: 57) 646,106
55 64 female (World Rank: 58) 681,541
65 x male (World Rank: 47) 842,384
65 x female (World Rank: 46) 1,183,200
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 213) 0.26%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 56) 79years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 52) 82years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 60) 76years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 23) 3.68
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 15) 6.80
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 32) 99.10%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 46) 26.00%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 3) 100.00%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 38) 77,740,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 42) 61,160,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 7) 24,790,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 18) 13,820,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 140) 56.60%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 90) 18.30%
Source renew (World Rank: 48) 14.50%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 86) 2,333bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 75) 519bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 44) 105,800bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 86) 15,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 63) 121,000bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 58) 180,400bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 53) 49,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 55) 103,200bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 75) 247,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 51) 11,510,000,000
Export (World Rank: 55) 1,000,000
Import (World Rank: 48) 0
Carbon footprint
103000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 104) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 117) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 68) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 32) 1% of GDP
National symbol
silver
National colours
white
Adjective
Czech
Noun
Czech(s)
Background
At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises Czechia, and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. The country changed its short-form name to Czechia in 2016.
Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 49) 353,900,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 108) 2.60%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 55) 33,500USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 161) 2.50%
Source industry (World Rank: 34) 37.50%
Source service (World Rank: 126) 60.00%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 75) 5,350,000
In poverty (World Rank: 149) 9.70%
Products
Industries
  • - armaments
  • - equipment
  • - glass
  • - machinery
  • - metallurgy
  • - motor vehicles
Agriculture
  • - fruit
  • - hops
  • - pigs
  • - potatoes
  • - poultry
  • - sugar beets
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - chemicals
  • - fuel
  • - machinery
  • - raw materials
  • - transport equipment
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - raw materials
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 61) 1,682,190
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 110) 16.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 85) 117.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 52) 8,141,300
Population (World Rank: 57) 76.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 47) 41.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 40) 87.00
Heliports (World Rank: 88) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 24) 9,622
Road
Total length (World Rank: 40) 130,661
Paved length (World Rank: 24) 130,661
Water
Total length (World Rank: 78) 664