Hungary
in Eastern Europe
Europe

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Forint - HUF
Spoken languages:
Hungarian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
HU
Internet top level domain:
.hu
Country phone prefix:
+36
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Hungary

Hungary with its capital Budapest is located in Europe (Central Europe, northwest of Romania). It covers some 93,029 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Virginia) with 9,850,840 citizens. Hungarian is the language commonly spoken used by the people in Hungary. Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine are bordering countries.

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Hungary is one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world, with a capital regarded as one of the most beautiful in the world. Despite its relatively small size, the country is home to numerous World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Biosphere reserves, the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grassland in Europe (Hortobágy).

Impressions from the Hungarian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Hungary

Administrative regions of Hungary

About the country

Official logo of Hungary tourism

Website: Hungary Tourism

The landscape is mostly flat to rolling plains and hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border. The average density of population is about 106 per km². The climate in Hungary can be described as temperatecold, cloudy, humid winters, warm summers.

To reach someone Hungary dial +36 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hu". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Forint is HUF.

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green; the flag dates to the national movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, and fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with the revolutionary tricolor form of the French flag; folklore attributes virtues to the colors: red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope; alternatively, the red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up so much of the country.

Flag of Hungary

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 111) 93,028sq km
Land (World Rank: 110) 89,608sq km
Water (World Rank: 78) 3,420sq km
Forest (World Rank: 136) 8.40%
Comparative slightly smaller than Virginia; about the same size as Indiana
Landborder
2106
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 29) 78m
Highest point (World Rank: 163) 1,014m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 47) 58.90%
Arable (World Rank: 8) 48.50%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 92) 2.00%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 136) 8.40%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 80) 1,721sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - and air
  • - and water pollution to meet EU requirements will require large investments
  • - energy efficiency
  • - soil
  • - the upgrading of Hungary's standards in waste management
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
  • - Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 85
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
  • - Antarctic Treaty
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Location
Central Europe, northwest of Romania
Climate
temperate; cold, cloudy, humid winters; warm summers
Terrain
mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 92) 9,850,840
Deathrate (World Rank: 16) 1.28%
Birthrate (World Rank: 203) 0.90%
Growthrate (World Rank: 208) -0.25%
Migration rate (World Rank: 53) 0.13%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 201) 1.45%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 31) 40.40
Female (World Rank: 23) 44.30
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 110) 746,043
0 14 female (World Rank: 111) 702,792
15 24 male (World Rank: 102) 557,655
15 24 female (World Rank: 103) 522,324
25 54 male (World Rank: 83) 2,075,100
25 54 female (World Rank: 84) 2,050,480
55 64 male (World Rank: 60) 608,734
55 64 female (World Rank: 55) 711,602
65 x male (World Rank: 53) 708,214
65 x female (World Rank: 47) 1,167,900
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 174) 0.49%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 87) 76years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 78) 80years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 112) 72years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 30) 3.32
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 11) 7.20
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 45) 98.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 42) 26.40%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 15) 100.00%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 65) 28,670,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 57) 38,660,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 34) 5,240,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 12) 17,950,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 116) 64.50%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 81) 22.30%
Source renew (World Rank: 50) 14.10%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 76) 13,830bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 72) 1,042bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 41) 120,400bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 84) 25,100,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 57) 156,100bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 66) 157,200bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 51) 50,510bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 69) 67,860bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 59) 1,772,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 46) 17,140,000,000
Export (World Rank: 41) 545,000,000
Import (World Rank: 62) 0
Carbon footprint
44200000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 101) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 112) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 67) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 77) -2% of GDP
National symbol
Holy Crown of Hungary
National colours
white
Adjective
Hungarian
Noun
Hungarian(s)
Background
Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green; the flag dates to the national movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, and fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with the revolutionary tricolor form of the French flag; folklore attributes virtues to the colors: red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope; alternatively, the red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up so much of the country

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 60) 270,100,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 139) 2.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 66) 27,500USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 130) 4.50%
Source industry (World Rank: 74) 30.40%
Source service (World Rank: 90) 65.10%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 88) 4,586,000
In poverty (World Rank: 133) 14.90%
Products
Industries
  • - chemicals especially pharmaceuticals
  • - construction materials
  • - metallurgy
  • - mining
  • - motor vehicles
  • - processed foods
  • - textiles
Agriculture
  • - cattle
  • - corn
  • - dairy products
  • - pigs
  • - potatoes
  • - poultry
  • - sugar beets
  • - sunflower seed
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - electricity
  • - equipment
  • - food products
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - other manufactures
  • - raw materials
Imports
  • - electricity
  • - equipment
  • - food products
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - other manufactures
  • - raw materials

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 48) 3,119,740
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 61) 32.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 79) 119.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 54) 7,826,700
Population (World Rank: 48) 79.30%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 80) 20.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 103) 21.00
Heliports (World Rank: 50) 3.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 28) 8,049
Road
Total length (World Rank: 26) 203,601
Paved length (World Rank: 32) 77,087
Unpaved length (World Rank: 19) 126,514
Water
Total length (World Rank: 49) 1,622