Slovenia
in Southern Europe
Europe

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Euro - EUR
Spoken languages:
Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
SI
Internet top level domain:
.si
Country phone prefix:
+386
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Slovenia

Slovenia with its capital Ljubljana is located in Europe (south Central Europe, Julian Alps between Austria and Croatia). It covers some 20,274 square kilometers (slightly smaller than New Jersey) with 1,972,130 citizens. Slovenian and Serbo-Croatian are the common languages used in Slovenia. Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Italy are bordering countries.

Slovenia is a country in Central Europe that lies in the eastern Alps at the northern end of the Adriatic Sea, with Austria to the north, Italy to the southwest, Hungary to the northeast and Croatia to the south. There are many great opportunities for activity holidays in Slovenia: The mountains and rivers of the Julian Alps provide the perfect location for hiking, mountain biking, rafting and kayaking. The southern part of Slovenia is an area of numerous caves. You can enjoy different spa resorts in the eastern part, take a dive in the Adriatic Sea, experience the Slovene cities, go skiing, or enjoy in the countryside tasting Slovene cuisine and local wine.

Popular Destinations in Slovenia

Administrative regions of Slovenia

About the country

Website: Slovenia Tourism

Dimiceva 13
1504 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Phone: +386 1 58 98 000
Fax: +386 1 58 98 100 or 58 98 200
Mail: infolink@gzs.si

The landscape is a short southwestern coastal strip of Karst topography on the Adriatic with an alpine mountain region lies adjacent to Italy and Austria in the north as well as mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east. The average density of population is about 97 per km². The climate in Slovenia can be described as Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east. Potential threats by nature are earthquakes flooding

To reach someone Slovenia dial +386 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".si". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Euro is EUR.

Three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, derive from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola; the Slovenian seal (a shield with the image of Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines depicting seas and rivers, and above it are three six-pointed stars arranged in an inverted triangle, which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the prominent Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries) appears in the upper hoist side of the flag centered on the white and blue bands.

Flag of Slovenia

The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the euro zone and the Schengen zone in 2007.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 155) 20,273sq km
Land (World Rank: 153) 20,151sq km
Water (World Rank: 143) 122sq km
Forest (World Rank: 118) 13.10%
Comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey
Coastline
46.6
Landborder
1211
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 80) 2,864m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 155) 22.80%
Arable (World Rank: 126) 8.40%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 111) 1.30%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 118) 13.10%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 147) 60sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - forest damage from urban air pollution and resulting acid rain
  • - pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals
  • - Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
  • - Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards
  • - earthquakes
  • - flooding
Location
south Central Europe, Julian Alps between Austria and Croatia
Climate
Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
Terrain
a short southwestern coastal strip of Karst topography on the Adriatic; an alpine mountain region lies adjacent to Italy and Austria in the north; mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 147) 1,972,130
Deathrate (World Rank: 26) 1.16%
Birthrate (World Rank: 218) 0.82%
Growthrate (World Rank: 212) -0.31%
Migration rate (World Rank: 63) 0.04%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 210) 1.36%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 13) 42.80
Female (World Rank: 8) 46.20
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 158) 135,371
0 14 female (World Rank: 159) 127,246
15 24 male (World Rank: 155) 95,546
15 24 female (World Rank: 155) 90,744
25 54 male (World Rank: 145) 427,723
25 54 female (World Rank: 145) 418,349
55 64 male (World Rank: 131) 143,642
55 64 female (World Rank: 131) 148,821
65 x male (World Rank: 114) 157,794
65 x female (World Rank: 110) 226,890
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 190) 0.39%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 60) 78years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 48) 82years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 71) 75years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 51) 2.77
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 45) 4.60
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 34) 99.10%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 103) 20.20%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 57) 99.50%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 83) 16,530,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 79) 14,570,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 21) 10,280,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 29) 8,325,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 183) 31.80%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 58) 34.40%
Source renew (World Rank: 123) 1.70%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 100) 5bbl / day
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 102) 52,300bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 61) 28,400bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 59) 87,530bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 98) 4,500,000
Consumption (World Rank: 101) 836,500,000
Import (World Rank: 38) 0
Carbon footprint
14300000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 44) 6% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 121) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 36) 9% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 79) -2% of GDP
National symbol
Mount Triglav
National colours
white
Adjective
Slovenian
Noun
Slovene(s)
Background
The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004; it joined the euro zone and the Schengen zone in 2007.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, derive from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola; the Slovenian seal (a shield with the image of Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines depicting seas and rivers, and above it are three six-pointed stars arranged in an inverted triangle, which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the prominent Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries) appears in the upper hoist side of the flag centered on the white and blue bands

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 99) 66,500,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 94) 3.10%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 56) 32,200USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 166) 2.30%
Source industry (World Rank: 65) 32.40%
Source service (World Rank: 87) 65.30%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 147) 920,400
In poverty (World Rank: 135) 14.30%
Products
Industries
  • - aluminum products
  • - automobiles
  • - chemicals
  • - electric power equipment
  • - electronics including military electronics
  • - ferrous metallurgy
  • - lead
  • - machine tools
  • - textiles
  • - trucks
  • - wood products
  • - zinc smelting
Agriculture
  • - apples
  • - cattle
  • - coffee
  • - corn
  • - hops
  • - pears
  • - poultry
  • - sheep
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - chemicals
  • - food
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - transport equipment
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - food
  • - fuels
  • - lubricants
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 88) 731,320
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 45) 37.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 73) 121.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 120) 1,493,380
Population (World Rank: 63) 75.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 131) 7.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 135) 9.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 86) 1,229
Road
Total length (World Rank: 91) 38,985
Paved length (World Rank: 52) 38,985