Croatia
in Southern Europe
Europe

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Kuna - HRK
Spoken languages:
Croatian, Serbian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
HR
Internet top level domain:
.hr
Country phone prefix:
+385
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Croatia

Croatia with its capital Zagreb is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea). It covers some 56,595 square kilometers (slightly smaller than West Virginia) with a population of 4,292,100. Croatian and Serbian are the languages spoken by people in Croatia. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia are bordering countries.

Croatia is a country situated in the Balkans and in Central Europe. Northern Croatia has a temperate continental climate whereas the central and upland regions have a mountainous climate. The entire Adriatic coast has a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Croatia was the first country in Europe to start with the concept of commercial naturist resorts. According to some estimates about 15% of all tourists that visit the country are naturists or nudists (more than one million each year).

Impressions from the Croatian capital

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Popular Destinations in Croatia

Administrative regions of Croatia

About the country

Official logo of Croatia tourism

Website: Croatia Tourism

Iblerov trg 10/IV
10 000 Zagreb
Croatia

Phone: +385 1 4699 333 4556 455
Fax: +385 1 4557 827
Mail: info@htz.hr

The terrain is geographically diverse having flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands. The average density of population is about 76 per km². The climate in Croatia can be described as Mediterranean and continentalcontinental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters, mild winters, dry summers along coast. Possible natural disasters include destructive earthquakes.

To reach someone Croatia dial +385 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hr". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Kuna is HRK.

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue - the Pan-Slav colors - superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms; the coat of arms consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions (from left to right): Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia.

Flag of Croatia

The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. The country joined NATO in April 2009 and the EU in July 2013.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 128) 56,594sq km
Land (World Rank: 125) 55,974sq km
Water (World Rank: 117) 620sq km
Forest (World Rank: 148) 6.20%
Comparative slightly smaller than West Virginia
Coastline
5835
Landborder
2237
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 135) 1,831m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 150) 23.70%
Arable (World Rank: 74) 16.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 105) 1.50%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 148) 6.20%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 130) 240sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution improving but still a concern in urban settings and in emissions arriving from neighboring countries
  • - surface water pollution in the Danube River Basin
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
  • - Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards destructive earthquakes
Location
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Climate
Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
Terrain
geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 127) 4,292,100
Deathrate (World Rank: 20) 1.22%
Birthrate (World Rank: 207) 0.89%
Growthrate (World Rank: 216) -0.50%
Migration rate (World Rank: 117) -0.17%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 208) 1.40%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 23) 41.10
Female (World Rank: 15) 45.00
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 142) 314,287
0 14 female (World Rank: 142) 295,520
15 24 male (World Rank: 136) 247,394
15 24 female (World Rank: 136) 235,166
25 54 male (World Rank: 128) 867,978
25 54 female (World Rank: 126) 867,125
55 64 male (World Rank: 89) 309,794
55 64 female (World Rank: 92) 326,102
65 x male (World Rank: 82) 330,406
65 x female (World Rank: 71) 498,323
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 142) 0.93%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 89) 76years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 86) 79years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 102) 73years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 37) 3.13
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 26) 5.90
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 58) 97.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 59) 24.40%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 51) 99.60%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 97) 10,820,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 75) 15,800,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 45) 1,858,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 28) 8,640,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 163) 43.80%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 50) 39.00%
Source renew (World Rank: 60) 12.00%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 77) 13,580bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 55) 47,200bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 77) 71,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 74) 65,860bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 91) 69,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 56) 33,660bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 98) 31,840bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 58) 1,829,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 70) 3,590,000,000
Export (World Rank: 43) 422,000,000
Import (World Rank: 63) 0
Carbon footprint
19000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 85) 5% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 84) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 58) 8% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 57) -1% of GDP
National symbol
red-white checkerboard
National colours
white
Adjective
Croatian
Noun
Croat(s), Croatian(s)
Background
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands, along with a majority of Croatia's ethnic Serb population. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. The country joined NATO in April 2009 and the EU in July 2013.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and blue - the Pan-Slav colors - superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms; the coat of arms consists of one main shield (a checkerboard of 13 red and 12 silver (white) fields) surmounted by five smaller shields that form a crown over the main shield; the five small shields represent five historic regions (from left to right): Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria, and Slavonia

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 83) 95,650,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 97) 3.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 80) 22,900USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 137) 4.10%
Source industry (World Rank: 105) 26.50%
Source service (World Rank: 70) 69.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 128) 1,617,000
In poverty (World Rank: 111) 19.50%
Products
Industries
  • - aluminum
  • - beverages
  • - chemicals
  • - construction materials
  • - electronics
  • - fabricated metal
  • - food
  • - machine tools
  • - paper
  • - petroleum
  • - petroleum refining
  • - pig iron
  • - plastics
  • - rolled steel products
  • - shipbuilding
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
  • - wood products
Agriculture
  • - alfalfa
  • - apples
  • - arable crops
  • - barley
  • - cabbage
  • - cattle
  • - clover
  • - corn
  • - cows
  • - dairy products
  • - fruits
  • - grapes
  • - livestock
  • - mandarins
  • - olives
  • - onion
  • - pepper
  • - pigs
  • - plum
  • - potatoes
  • - rapeseed
  • - sugar beet
  • - sunflower
  • - tomato
  • - vegetables
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - chemicals
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - textiles
  • - transport equipment
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - electrical equipment
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuels
  • - lubricants
  • - machinery
  • - transport

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 65) 1,435,980
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 55) 33.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 132) 102.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 95) 3,135,950
Population (World Rank: 68) 72.70%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 72) 24.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 62) 45.00
Heliports (World Rank: 95) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 64) 2,722
Road
Total length (World Rank: 99) 26,958
Water
Total length (World Rank: 75) 785