Serbia
in Southern Europe
Europe

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dinar - RSD
Spoken languages:
Serbian, Hungarian, Bosnian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
RS
Internet top level domain:
.rs
Country phone prefix:
+381
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Serbia

Serbia with its capital Belgrade is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary). It covers some 77,475 square kilometers (slightly smaller than South Carolina) with 7,111,020 citizens. Serbian, Hungarian and Bosnian are the languages commonly used by the people in Serbia (consider regional differences). Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Romania are bordering countries.

Serbia is a country located in the Balkans, in Southern Europe. Serbia is a lovely country, open for tourism all year round. During summer tourists love spending their time in Belgrade and enjoy the nature of many national parks throughout the country. Serbia's many sights include stunning castles, Medieval monasteries, lovely traditional villages and bustling cities with baroque parks and art-deco architecture. Of the several national parks and natural areas in the country, Fruška Gora is undoubtedly one of the best. Dotted with ancient monasteries and wineries, it combines orchards and vineyards on its vast plains with tight forests on its plains. The Tara National Park covers some 20.000 hectares in the west of the country.

Impressions from the capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Serbia

Administrative regions of Serbia

About the country

Website: Serbia Tourism

Dobrinjska 11/II
11000 Belgrade
Serbia

Phone: +381 11 3612 754
Fax: +381 11 68 68 04
Mail: NTOS@EUnet.yu

The landscape is extremely varied with to the north, rich fertile plains, to the east, limestone ranges and basins as well as to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills. The average density of population is about 92 per km². The climate in Serbia can be described as in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall) with in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns). Potential threats by nature are destructive earthquakes.

To reach someone Serbia dial +381 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".rs". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Dinar is RSD.

Three equal horizontal stripes of red (top), blue, and white - the Pan-Slav colors representing freedom and revolutionary ideals; charged with the coat of arms of Serbia shifted slightly to the hoist side; the principal field of the coat of arms represents the Serbian state and displays a white two-headed eagle on a red shield; a smaller red shield on the eagle represents the Serbian nation, and is divided into four quarters by a white cross; interpretations vary as to the meaning and origin of the white, curved symbols resembling firesteels or Cyrillic "C's" in each quarter; a royal crown surmounts the coat of arms.

Flag of Serbia

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Communist Partisans resisted the Axis occupation and division of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945 and fought nationalist opponents and collaborators as well. The military and political movement headed by Josip Broz "TITO" (Partisans) took full control of Yugoslavia when their domestic rivals and the occupiers were defeated in 1945. Although communists, TITO and his successors (Tito died in 1980) managed to steer their own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half decades. In 1989, Slobodan MILOSEVIC became president of the Republic of Serbia and his ultranationalist calls for Serbian domination led to the violent breakup of Yugoslavia along ethnic lines. In 1991, Croatia, Slovenia, and Macedonia declared independence, followed by Bosnia in 1992. The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in April 1992 and under MILOSEVIC's leadership, Serbia led various military campaigns to unite ethnic Serbs in neighboring republics into a "Greater Serbia." These actions ultimately failed and, after international intervention, led to the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995. MILOSEVIC retained control over Serbia and eventually became president of the FRY in 1997. In 1998, an ethnic Albanian insurgency in the formerly autonomous Serbian province of Kosovo provoked a Serbian counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres and massive expulsions of ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo. The MILOSEVIC government's rejection of a proposed international settlement led to NATO's bombing of Serbia in the spring of 1999. Serbian military and police forces withdrew from Kosovo in June 1999, and the UN Security Council authorized an interim UN administration and a NATO-led security force in Kosovo. FRY elections in late 2000 led to the ouster of MILOSEVIC and the installation of democratic government. In 2003, the FRY became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, a loose federation of the two republics. Widespread violence predominantly targeting ethnic Serbs in Kosovo in March 2004 led to more intense calls to address Kosovo's status, and the UN began facilitating status talks in 2006. In June 2006, Montenegro seceded from the federation and declared itself an independent nation. Serbia subsequently gave notice that it was the successor state to the union of Serbia and Montenegro. In February 2008, after nearly two years of inconclusive negotiations, Kosovo declared itself independent of Serbia - an action Serbia refuses to recognize. At Serbia's request, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in October 2008 sought an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on whether Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence was in accordance with international law. In a ruling considered unfavorable to Serbia, the ICJ issued an advisory opinion in July 2010 stating that international law did not prohibit declarations of independence. In late 2010, Serbia agreed to an EU-drafted UNGA Resolution acknowledging the ICJ's decision and calling for a new round of talks between Serbia and Kosovo, this time on practical issues rather than Kosovo's status. Serbia and Kosovo signed the first agreement of principles governing the normalization of relations between the two countries in April 2013 and are in the process of implementing its provisions. In 2015, Serbia and Kosovo reached four additional agreements within the Brussels Dialogue framework. These included agreements on the Community of Serb-Majority Municipalities; telecommunications; energy production and distribution; and freedom of movement. Prime Minister Aleksandar VUCIC, has promoted an ambitious goal of Serbia joining the EU by 2020. Under his leadership, in January 2014 Serbia opened formal negotiations for accession. Serbia has opened 8 chapters of the EU acquis and provisionally closed 2 chapters.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 118) 77,474sq km
Land (World Rank: 115) 77,474sq km
Forest (World Rank: 107) 16.80%
Comparative slightly smaller than South Carolina
Landborder
2322
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 36) 35m
Highest point (World Rank: 117) 2,169m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 50) 57.90%
Arable (World Rank: 20) 37.70%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 71) 3.40%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 107) 16.80%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 99) 950sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities
  • - water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Marine Life Conservation
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards destructive earthquakes
Location
Southeastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary
Climate
in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)
Terrain
extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 102) 7,111,020
Deathrate (World Rank: 8) 1.36%
Birthrate (World Rank: 204) 0.90%
Growthrate (World Rank: 215) -0.46%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 203) 1.44%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 24) 40.90
Female (World Rank: 24) 44.30
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 119) 531,524
0 14 female (World Rank: 120) 499,715
15 24 male (World Rank: 116) 413,046
15 24 female (World Rank: 116) 387,697
25 54 male (World Rank: 102) 1,483,390
25 54 female (World Rank: 103) 1,454,930
55 64 male (World Rank: 70) 496,944
55 64 female (World Rank: 71) 533,329
65 x male (World Rank: 63) 541,569
65 x female (World Rank: 60) 768,877
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 166) 0.58%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 97) 76years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 96) 79years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 104) 73years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 62) 2.46
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 30) 5.40
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 62) 96.40%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 88) 21.50%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 63) 99.20%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 59) 38,110,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 64) 26,780,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 29) 6,428,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 39) 5,065,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 133) 59.00%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 51) 38.80%
Source renew (World Rank: 112) 2.20%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 70) 20,000bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 56) 45,790bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 75) 77,500,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 72) 67,360bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 92) 66,230bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 78) 12,050bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 125) 16,070bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 69) 586,300,000
Consumption (World Rank: 82) 2,250,000,000
Import (World Rank: 32) 0
Carbon footprint
56550000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 98) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 86) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 21) 10% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 67) -1% of GDP
National symbol
double-headed eagle
National colours
white
Adjective
Serbian
Noun
Serb(s)
Background
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Communist Partisans resisted the Axis occupation and division of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945 and fought nationalist opponents and collaborators as well. The military and political movement headed by Josip Broz "TITO" (Partisans) took full control of Yugoslavia when their domestic rivals and the occupiers were defeated in 1945. Although communists, TITO and his successors (Tito died in 1980) managed to steer their own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half decades. In 1989, Slobodan MILOSEVIC became president of the Republic of Serbia and his ultranationalist calls for Serbian domination led to the violent breakup of Yugoslavia along ethnic lines. In 1991, Croatia, Slovenia, and Macedonia declared independence, followed by Bosnia in 1992. The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in April 1992 and under MILOSEVIC's leadership, Serbia led various military campaigns to unite ethnic Serbs in neighboring republics into a "Greater Serbia." These actions ultimately failed and, after international intervention, led to the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995. MILOSEVIC retained control over Serbia and eventually became president of the FRY in 1997. In 1998, an ethnic Albanian insurgency in the formerly autonomous Serbian province of Kosovo provoked a Serbian counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres and massive expulsions of ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo. The MILOSEVIC government's rejection of a proposed international settlement led to NATO's bombing of Serbia in the spring of 1999. Serbian military and police forces withdrew from Kosovo in June 1999, and the UN Security Council authorized an interim UN administration and a NATO-led security force in Kosovo. FRY elections in late 2000 led to the ouster of MILOSEVIC and the installation of democratic government. In 2003, the FRY became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, a loose federation of the two republics. Widespread violence predominantly targeting ethnic Serbs in Kosovo in March 2004 led to more intense calls to address Kosovo's status, and the UN began facilitating status talks in 2006. In June 2006, Montenegro seceded from the federation and declared itself an independent nation. Serbia subsequently gave notice that it was the successor state to the union of Serbia and Montenegro. In February 2008, after nearly two years of inconclusive negotiations, Kosovo declared itself independent of Serbia - an action Serbia refuses to recognize. At Serbia's request, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in October 2008 sought an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on whether Kosovo's unilateral declaration of independence was in accordance with international law. In a ruling considered unfavorable to Serbia, the ICJ issued an advisory opinion in July 2010 stating that international law did not prohibit declarations of independence. In late 2010, Serbia agreed to an EU-drafted UNGA Resolution acknowledging the ICJ's decision and calling for a new round of talks between Serbia and Kosovo, this time on practical issues rather than Kosovo's status. Serbia and Kosovo signed the first agreement of principles governing the normalization of relations between the two countries in April 2013 and are in the process of implementing its provisions. In 2015, Serbia and Kosovo reached four additional agreements within the Brussels Dialogue framework. These included agreements on the Community of Serb-Majority Municipalities; telecommunications; energy production and distribution; and freedom of movement. Prime Minister Aleksandar VUCIC, has promoted an ambitious goal of Serbia joining the EU by 2020. Under his leadership, in January 2014 Serbia opened formal negotiations for accession. Serbia has opened 8 chapters of the EU acquis and provisionally closed 2 chapters.
Flag description
three equal horizontal stripes of red (top), blue, and white - the Pan-Slav colors representing freedom and revolutionary ideals; charged with the coat of arms of Serbia shifted slightly to the hoist side; the principal field of the coat of arms represents the Serbian state and displays a white two-headed eagle on a red shield; a smaller red shield on the eagle represents the Serbian nation, and is divided into four quarters by a white cross; interpretations vary as to the meaning and origin of the white, curved symbols resembling firesteels or Cyrillic "C's" in each quarter; a royal crown surmounts the coat of arms

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 82) 101,700,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 104) 2.80%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 108) 14,400USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 90) 9.90%
Source industry (World Rank: 18) 41.20%
Source service (World Rank: 179) 48.90%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 104) 2,910,000
In poverty (World Rank: 153) 8.90%
Products
Industries
  • - automobiles
  • - base metals
  • - chemicals
  • - clothes
  • - food processing
  • - furniture
  • - machinery
  • - pharmaceuticals
  • - sugar
  • - tires
Agriculture
  • - apples
  • - beef
  • - dairy products
  • - fruits
  • - grapes
  • - maize
  • - meat products
  • - milk
  • - peppers
  • - pork
  • - potatoes
  • - raspberries
  • - sour cherries
  • - sugar beets
  • - sunflower
  • - tomatoes
  • - vegetables
  • - wheat
  • - wine
Exports
  • - ammunition
  • - automobiles
  • - clothes
  • - electric appliances
  • - fruit
  • - iron
  • - metal products
  • - nonferrous metals
  • - rubber
  • - steel
  • - vegetables
  • - weapons
  • - wheat
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - food
  • - fuels
  • - live animals
  • - lubricants
  • - machinery
  • - manufactured goods
  • - raw materials
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 51) 2,711,720
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 40) 38.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 61) 127.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 78) 4,790,490
Population (World Rank: 81) 67.10%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 116) 10.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 116) 16.00
Heliports (World Rank: 55) 2.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 49) 3,809
Road
Total length (World Rank: 82) 44,248
Paved length (World Rank: 56) 28,000
Unpaved length (World Rank: 69) 16,248
Water
Total length (World Rank: 82) 587