Macedonia
in Southern Europe
Europe

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Denar - MKD
Spoken languages:
Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Serbian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
MK
Internet top level domain:
.mk
Country phone prefix:
+389
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Macedonia

Macedonia with its capital Skopje is located in Europe (Southeastern Europe, north of Greece). It covers some 25,714 square kilometers (slightly larger than Vermont) with a population of 2,103,720. Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish and Serbian are the languages spoken by people in Macedonia (consider regional differences). Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo and Serbia are bordering countries.

Macedonia is a landlocked country in the Balkans. It is bordered by Serbia and the disputed region of Kosovo to the north, Albania to the west, Bulgaria to the east, and Greece to the south. Macedonia is covered by mountainous territory marked by deep basins and valleys. There are three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line, and the country bisected by the Vardar River. Macedonia is blessed with outstanding natural beauty. Do not miss a trip to one of the large lakes, Pelister Mountains, Shar Planina in the West, and the fascinating rolling hills and mountains of the East with its rice fields.

Impressions from the Macedonian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Macedonia

Administrative regions of Macedonia

About the country

The topography is mountainous with deep basins and valleys with three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line as well as country bisected by the Vardar River. The average density of population is about 82 per km². The climate in Macedonia can be described as warm, dry summers and autumns with relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall. Potential natural disasters are high seismic risks.

To reach someone Macedonia dial +389 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mk". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Denar is MKD.

A yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia.

Flag of Macedonia

Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greek objection to Macedonia’s name, insisting it implies territorial pretensions to the northern Greek province of the same name, and democratic backsliding have stalled the country’s movement toward Euro-Atlantic integration. Immediately after Macedonia declared independence, Greece sought to block Macedonian efforts to gain UN membership if the name “Macedonia” was used. Macedonia was eventually admitted to the UN in 1993 as “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,” and at the same time it agreed to UN-sponsored negotiations on the name dispute. In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA), which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Relations between Macedonians and ethnic Albanians remain fragile, however. Macedonia has been engulfed in a political crisis that began after the 2014 legislative and presidential election, and which escalated in 2015 when the opposition party began releasing wiretap content that it alleged showed widespread government corruption. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including overcoming the political crisis, fully implementing the OFA, resolving the outstanding name dispute with Greece, improving relations with Bulgaria, halting democratic backsliding, and stimulating economic growth and development. At the 2008 NATO Summit in Bucharest, Romania, the Allies agreed that Macedonia would be invited to join the Alliance as soon as a mutually acceptable resolution to the name dispute was reached with Greece.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 150) 25,713sq km
Land (World Rank: 147) 25,433sq km
Water (World Rank: 130) 280sq km
Forest (World Rank: 67) 26.50%
Comparative slightly larger than Vermont
Landborder
838
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 33) 50m
Highest point (World Rank: 85) 2,764m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 85) 44.30%
Arable (World Rank: 73) 16.40%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 107) 1.40%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 67) 26.50%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 85) 1,280sq km
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues air pollution from metallurgical plants
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards high seismic risks
Location
Southeastern Europe, north of Greece
Climate
warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
Terrain
mountainous with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 145) 2,103,720
Deathrate (World Rank: 62) 0.92%
Birthrate (World Rank: 169) 1.14%
Growthrate (World Rank: 184) 0.17%
Migration rate (World Rank: 91) -0.05%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 178) 1.60%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 59) 36.80
Female (World Rank: 60) 39.00
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 151) 187,063
0 14 female (World Rank: 151) 174,196
15 24 male (World Rank: 151) 145,716
15 24 female (World Rank: 150) 136,444
25 54 male (World Rank: 144) 465,862
25 54 female (World Rank: 142) 451,321
55 64 male (World Rank: 132) 128,024
55 64 female (World Rank: 132) 132,955
65 x male (World Rank: 126) 121,019
65 x female (World Rank: 126) 161,121
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 155) 0.74%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 86) 76years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 88) 79years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 84) 74years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 48) 2.80
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 47) 4.50
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 94) 90.90%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 77) 22.40%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 59) 99.40%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 119) 5,303,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 111) 6,455,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 82) 58,500,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 53) 2,191,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 117) 64.30%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 63) 32.80%
Source renew (World Rank: 108) 2.90%
Crude oil
Exports (World Rank: 80) 142bbl / day
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 136) 20,700bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 98) 3,900bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 110) 23,400bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 106) 471,000,000
Import (World Rank: 3) 0
Carbon footprint
7900000

Nation

Budget
Military (World Rank: 118) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 93) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 101) -3% of GDP
National symbol
eight-rayed sun
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Macedonian
Noun
Macedonian(s)
Background
Macedonia gained its independence peacefully from Yugoslavia in 1991. Greek objection to Macedonia’s name, insisting it implies territorial pretensions to the northern Greek province of the same name, and democratic backsliding have stalled the country’s movement toward Euro-Atlantic integration. Immediately after Macedonia declared independence, Greece sought to block Macedonian efforts to gain UN membership if the name “Macedonia” was used. Macedonia was eventually admitted to the UN in 1993 as “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,” and at the same time it agreed to UN-sponsored negotiations on the name dispute. In 1995, Greece lifted a 20-month trade embargo and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, but the issue of the name remained unresolved and negotiations for a solution are ongoing. Since 2004, the US and over 130 other nations have recognized Macedonia by its constitutional name, Republic of Macedonia. Ethnic Albanian grievances over perceived political and economic inequities escalated into an insurgency in 2001 that eventually led to the internationally brokered Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA), which ended the fighting and established guidelines for constitutional amendments and the creation of new laws that enhanced the rights of minorities. Relations between Macedonians and ethnic Albanians remain fragile, however. Macedonia has been engulfed in a political crisis that began after the 2014 legislative and presidential election, and which escalated in 2015 when the opposition party began releasing wiretap content that it alleged showed widespread government corruption. Although Macedonia became an EU candidate in 2005, the country still faces challenges, including overcoming the political crisis, fully implementing the OFA, resolving the outstanding name dispute with Greece, improving relations with Bulgaria, halting democratic backsliding, and stimulating economic growth and development. At the 2008 NATO Summit in Bucharest, Romania, the Allies agreed that Macedonia would be invited to join the Alliance as soon as a mutually acceptable resolution to the name dispute was reached with Greece.
Flag description
a yellow sun (the Sun of Liberty) with eight broadening rays extending to the edges of the red field; the red and yellow colors have long been associated with Macedonia

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 130) 30,260,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 115) 2.40%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 107) 14,600USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 88) 9.90%
Source industry (World Rank: 77) 29.70%
Source service (World Rank: 120) 60.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 144) 948,600
In poverty (World Rank: 102) 21.50%
Products
Industries
  • - automotive parts
  • - beverages
  • - cement
  • - chemicals
  • - energy
  • - food processing
  • - iron
  • - pharmaceuticals
  • - steel
  • - textiles
Agriculture
  • - eggs
  • - fruits
  • - grapes
  • - milk
  • - tobacco
  • - vegetables
Exports
  • - automotive parts
  • - beverages
  • - foodstuffs
  • - iron
  • - miscellaneous manufactures
  • - steel
  • - textiles
  • - tobacco
Imports
  • - automobiles
  • - chemicals
  • - equipment
  • - food products
  • - fuels
  • - machinery

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 105) 368,070
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 99) 18.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 122) 106.00
Assessment 0

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 124) 8.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 178) 2.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 102) 699
Road
Total length (World Rank: 127) 14,182
Paved length (World Rank: 77) 9,633
Unpaved length (World Rank: 104) 4,549