Jordan
in Western Asia
Asia

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dinar - JOD
Spoken languages:
Arabic, English
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, D, F, G, J)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
JO
Internet top level domain:
.jo
Country phone prefix:
+962
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Jordan

Jordan with its capital Amman is located in Asia (Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia). It covers some 89,343 square kilometers (about three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania) with 10,248,100 citizens. Arabic and English are the common languages used in Jordan. Iraq, Israel, Palestinian Territory, Saudi Arabia and Syria are bordering countries.

Jordan is a country in the Middle East. Almost completely land-locked (save for a small outlet on the Red Sea in the Gulf of Aqaba and a frontage on the Dead Sea), Jordan is bordered by Israel and the West Bank (Palestinian Territories) to the west, by Syria to the north, by Iraq to the east and by Saudi Arabia to the south.

Popular Destinations in Jordan

Administrative regions of Jordan

About the country

Website: Jordan Tourism

P.O.Box: 830688
Amman 11183
Jordan

Phone: +962 6 5678294
Fax: +962 6 5678295
Mail: jtb@nets.com.jo

The topography is mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west with Great Rift Valley separates eastern and western banks of the Jordan River. The average density of population is about 115 per km². The climate in Jordan can be described as mostly arid desert with rainy season in west (November to April). Potential natural disasters are droughts, flash floods and periodic earthquakes.

To reach someone Jordan dial +962 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".jo". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, D, F, G, J). The sign for the locally used currency Dinar is JOD.

Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), representing the Abbassid Caliphate, white, representing the Ummayyad Caliphate, and green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Holy Koran; the seven points on the star represent faith in One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations; design is based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War I.

Flag of Jordan

Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The country's long-time ruler, King HUSSEIN (1953-99), successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, King HUSSEIN's eldest son, assumed the throne following his father's death in 1999. He has implemented modest political and economic reforms, including the passage of a new electoral law in early 2016 ahead of legislative elections held in September. The Islamic Action Front, which is the political arm of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, returned to parliament with 15 seats after boycotting the previous two elections in 2010 and 2013.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 113) 89,342sq km
Land (World Rank: 111) 88,802sq km
Water (World Rank: 119) 540sq km
Forest (World Rank: 137) 8.40%
Comparative about three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Indiana
Coastline
26
Landborder
1744
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 74) -431m
Highest point (World Rank: 133) 1,854m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 186) 11.40%
Arable (World Rank: 184) 2.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 122) 1.00%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 137) 8.40%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 98) 964sq km
Map reference
Middle East
Environment
Issues
  • - deforestation
  • - desertification
  • - limited natural freshwater resources
  • - overgrazing
  • - soil erosion
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards
  • - droughts
  • - flash floods
  • - periodic earthquakes
Location
Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and Iraq
Climate
mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)
Terrain
mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates eastern and western banks of the Jordan River

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 89) 10,248,100
Deathrate (World Rank: 216) 0.34%
Birthrate (World Rank: 57) 2.39%
Growthrate (World Rank: 43) 2.05%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 48) 3.19%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 166) 22.90
Female (World Rank: 177) 22.00
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 76) 1,827,550
0 14 female (World Rank: 79) 1,726,690
15 24 male (World Rank: 78) 1,103,040
15 24 female (World Rank: 83) 953,704
25 54 male (World Rank: 84) 2,073,210
25 54 female (World Rank: 93) 1,755,290
55 64 male (World Rank: 102) 236,435
55 64 female (World Rank: 120) 218,469
65 x male (World Rank: 109) 174,470
65 x female (World Rank: 119) 179,203
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 103) 1.42%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 118) 75years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 129) 76years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 94) 73years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 55) 2.65
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 116) 1.80
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 39) 98.60%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 13) 35.50%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 94) 96.90%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 79) 17,760,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 73) 16,130,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 86) 50,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 76) 604,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 50) 96.30%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 152) 0.30%
Source renew (World Rank: 69) 9.50%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 99) 22bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 51) 63,220bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 98) 1,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 75) 65,150bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 63) 160,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 58) 93,860bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 78) 151,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 71) 3,509,000,000
Import (World Rank: 40) 0
Carbon footprint
19000000

Nation

Budget
Military (World Rank: 12) 5% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 63) 8% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 164) -6% of GDP
National symbol
eagle
National colours
white
Adjective
Jordanian
Noun
Jordanian(s)
Background
Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The country's long-time ruler, King HUSSEIN (1953-99), successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, King HUSSEIN's eldest son, assumed the throne following his father's death in 1999. He has implemented modest political and economic reforms, including the passage of a new electoral law in early 2016 ahead of legislative elections held in September. The Islamic Action Front, which is the political arm of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, returned to parliament with 15 seats after boycotting the previous two elections in 2010 and 2013.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of black (top), representing the Abbassid Caliphate, white, representing the Ummayyad Caliphate, and green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Holy Koran; the seven points on the star represent faith in One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations; design is based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War I

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 88) 85,550,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 138) 2.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 119) 12,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 135) 4.30%
Source industry (World Rank: 85) 28.90%
Source service (World Rank: 81) 66.80%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 119) 2,205,000
In poverty (World Rank: 137) 14.20%
Products
Industries
  • - cement
  • - clothing
  • - fertilizer
  • - information technology
  • - inorganic chemicals
  • - light manufacturing
  • - petroleum refining
  • - pharmaceuticals
  • - phosphate mining
  • - potash
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - citrus
  • - cucumbers
  • - dairy
  • - olives
  • - poultry
  • - sheep
  • - stone fruits
  • - strawberries
  • - tomatoes
Exports
  • - fertilizers
  • - pharmaceuticals
  • - phosphates
  • - potash
  • - textiles
  • - vegetables
Imports
  • - cereals
  • - crude oil
  • - iron
  • - machinery
  • - refined petroleum products
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 109) 355,821
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 160) 4.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 8) 188.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 76) 5,099,670
Population (World Rank: 88) 62.30%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 94) 16.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 169) 2.00
Heliports (World Rank: 98) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 114) 509
Road
Total length (World Rank: 144) 7,203
Paved length (World Rank: 84) 7,203