Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1980
Size of heritage: 1,485 ha
Founded, according to legend, by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC, Rome was first the centre of the Roman Republic, then of the Roman Empire, and it became the capital of the Christian world in the 4th century. The World Heritage site, extended in 1990 to the walls of Urban VIII, includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.
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Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
The Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights, and San Paolo Fuori le Mura collectively form a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Vatican City State, within the Province of Roma, Lazio region in Italy. This site is of immense historical, cultural, and religious significance, encompassing the heart of ancient Rome and the Vatican City.
The history of this UNESCO World Heritage site dates back over two millennia. Rome, known as the "Eternal City," was founded in 753 BC and quickly grew into a powerful empire. The city became the capital of the Roman Republic and later the Roman Empire, leaving behind a rich architectural and cultural legacy.
The Vatican City, an independent city-state within Rome, is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. It is home to St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and numerous other religious and cultural treasures.
The Historic Centre of Rome, with its iconic landmarks such as the Colosseum, Roman Forum, and Pantheon, showcases the grandeur and architectural brilliance of ancient Rome. These structures stand as a testament to the city's political, social, and cultural achievements during its heyday.
The Properties of the Holy See in Rome, enjoying extraterritorial rights, include various religious and administrative buildings. These properties, scattered throughout the city, serve as important centers for the governance and religious activities of the Catholic Church.
San Paolo Fuori le Mura, also known as St. Paul's Outside the Walls, is one of Rome's four major basilicas. It was founded in the 4th century AD and is dedicated to the apostle St. Paul. The basilica has undergone several reconstructions over the centuries, with the current structure dating back to the 19th century.
The Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See, and San Paolo Fuori le Mura continue to be significant cultural and religious destinations, attracting millions of visitors each year.
The ancient Roman structures in the historic center have been meticulously preserved and restored, allowing visitors to experience the grandeur of the Roman Empire. The Colosseum, in particular, stands as an iconic symbol of Rome's architectural prowess and is a major tourist attraction.
The Vatican City, with its magnificent St. Peter's Basilica and the Vatican Museums, remains a spiritual and cultural hub. The Vatican Museums house an extensive collection of art and historical artifacts, including Michelangelo's famous frescoes in the Sistine Chapel.
The Properties of the Holy See, scattered throughout Rome, continue to serve their religious and administrative functions. These properties include the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope, and various congregations and administrative offices of the Catholic Church.
San Paolo Fuori le Mura, after extensive restoration following a devastating fire in 1823, stands as a remarkable example of early Christian architecture. The basilica's interior is adorned with beautiful mosaics and houses the tomb of St. Paul.
The UNESCO World Heritage site of the Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights, and San Paolo Fuori le Mura is a testament to the rich history, cultural heritage, and religious significance of Rome and the Vatican City. It stands as a living testament to the achievements of ancient Rome and the enduring influence of the Catholic Church.
Hotels and places to stay
Palazzo Manfredi Relais & Chateau
Relais Terme di Tito
Q Domus A Holiday Home
Martina al Colosseo
Parco di Nerone
Santi Quattro al Colosseo
Videos from the area
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Large airport - 8 mi (14 km) Leonardo Da Vinci (Fiumicino) International Airport
Large airport - 14 mi (23 km) Latina Airport
Medium airport - 32 mi (52 km) Rieti Airport
Small airport - 41 mi (67 km) Frosinone Military Airport
Small airport - 45 mi (73 km) Perugia / San Egidio Airport
Medium airport - 83 mi (135 km) Grosseto Airport
Medium airport - 94 mi (152 km) Arezzo Airport
Small airport - 113 mi (182 km) Nápoli / Capodichino International Airport
Large airport - 116 mi (188 km) Pisa / San Giusto - Galileo Galilei International Airport
Large airport - 163 mi (263 km) Bologna / Borgo Panigale Airport
Large airport - 193 mi (310 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Albano Laziale
- Anguillara Sabazia
- Campagnano di Roma
- Castel Gandolfo
- Castelnuovo di Porto
- Fiumicino-Isola Sacra
- Genzano di Roma
- Guidonia Montecelio
- Monte Porzio Catone
- Rocca di Papa
- Sant'Angelo Romano
- Tor Lupara
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Casale Bufalotta
- Casale Cesarina
- Casale Smeraldi
- Casale Torre San Giovanni
- Casaletti Mattei
- Castel di Leva
- Centro Grande
- Centro Internazionale di Nazareth
- Corea Castelluccia San Paolo
- Il Casaletto
- La Giustiniana
- La Massimina-Casal Lumbroso
- La Pisana
- La Torretta
- Maglianella di Sopra II
- Podere Rosa
- Prato Lauro
- Prima Porta
- San Lorenzo da Brindisi