Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2014
Size of heritage: 259 ha
The archaeological site contains some 3,500 underground chambers distributed among distinct complexes carved in the thick and homogenous soft chalk of Lower Judea under the former towns of Maresha and Bet Guvrin. Situated on the crossroads of trade routes to Mesopotamia and Egypt, the site bears witness to the region’s tapestry of cultures and their evolution over more than 2,000 years from the 8th century BCE—when Maresha, the older of the two towns was built—to the time of the Crusaders. These quarried caves served as cisterns, oil presses, baths, columbaria (dovecotes), stables, places of religious worship, hideaways and, on the outskirts of the towns, burial areas. Some of the larger chambers feature vaulted arches and supporting pillars.
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Small airport - 24 mi (39 km) Ben Gurion International Airport
Large airport - 28 mi (46 km) Bar Yehuda Airfield
Medium airport - 35 mi (56 km) Sde Dov Airport
Medium airport - 36 mi (59 km) El Gora Airport
Medium airport - 58 mi (94 km) Queen Alia International Airport
Large airport - 65 mi (105 km) Amman-Marka International Airport
Medium airport - 69 mi (112 km) Ein Yahav Airfield
Small airport - 70 mi (113 km) Ovda International Airport
Large airport - 115 mi (185 km) Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport
Large airport - 157 mi (254 km) Damascus International Airport
Large airport - 157 mi (253 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Al Husayniyah
- Al Mazar al Janubi
- Al Qasr
- Al `Arid
- As Salt
- As Subayhi
- Ash Shaykh Zuwayd
- Ash Shunah al Janubiyah
- At Tafilah
- Dayr `Alla
- Ghawr al Mazra`ah
- Karney Shomron
- Tel Aviv
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.