Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1998
Size of heritage: 75 ha
- Buffer zone: 441 ha
Kroměříž stands on the site of an earlier ford across the River Morava, at the foot of the Chriby mountain range which dominates the central part of Moravia. The gardens and castle of Kroměříž are an exceptionally complete and well-preserved example of a European Baroque princely residence and its gardens.
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Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
The Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž, located in the City and District of Kroměříž in the Zlin Region of Czechia, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its historical and cultural significance. This remarkable complex encompasses the Kroměříž Castle, its stunning gardens, and the surrounding landscape, which together create a harmonious blend of architectural and natural beauty.
The history of the Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž dates back to the 13th century when a bishopric was established in the area. The castle, originally built as a bishop's residence, underwent several transformations over the centuries. However, it was during the reign of Bishop Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn in the 17th century that the castle and gardens reached their peak.
Bishop Karl II commissioned the renowned Italian architect Filiberto Lucchese to design and expand the castle complex. Lucchese's work resulted in the creation of a magnificent Baroque palace, which became a center of cultural and intellectual life in Central Europe. The castle's interiors were adorned with exquisite frescoes, stucco decorations, and a remarkable collection of art and furniture.
The gardens surrounding the castle were also transformed during this period. The Italian and French-inspired gardens were designed by Giovanni Pietro Tencalla and Filiberto Lucchese, respectively. These gardens, with their intricate geometric patterns, fountains, and sculptures, became a testament to the grandeur and sophistication of the Baroque era.
Today, the Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž continue to captivate visitors with their timeless beauty. The castle, now serving as a museum, allows visitors to explore its opulent interiors, including the stunning Mirror Hall, the Bishop's Study, and the Maximilian Hall. The museum also houses an extensive collection of art, including paintings, sculptures, and decorative objects from various periods.
The gardens, spread over an area of approximately 64 hectares, are a true horticultural masterpiece. Divided into several sections, each with its own unique charm, the gardens offer a delightful experience for nature enthusiasts and history lovers alike. The Flower Garden, with its vibrant colors and fragrant blooms, is a visual feast, while the Pleasure Garden provides a tranquil retreat with its serene water features and shaded walkways.
Visitors can also explore the Chateau Garden, which features a picturesque orangery and a charming greenhouse. The Green Court, with its neatly trimmed hedges and symmetrical design, is a testament to the meticulous craftsmanship of the garden's designers. Additionally, the gardens are home to numerous rare and exotic plant species, making it a paradise for botany enthusiasts.
The Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž have not only preserved their historical and cultural significance but also continue to serve as a venue for various cultural events and festivals. The annual Kroměříž Music Festival, held in the castle's gardens, attracts renowned musicians and artists from around the world, further enhancing the site's reputation as a hub of artistic expression.
In recognition of its exceptional universal value, the Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1998. This prestigious designation ensures the preservation and promotion of this remarkable site for future generations to appreciate and enjoy.
Hotels and places to stay
Cerny Orel Hotel&Brewery&Restaurant
Penzion U Kubesa
U Zlatého kohouta
Penzion a restaurace Zlobice
Videos from the area
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Small airport - 9 mi (14 km) Kunovice Airport
Medium airport - 19 mi (31 km) Brno-Tuřany Airport
Medium airport - 32 mi (53 km) Ostrava Leos Janáček Airport
Medium airport - 43 mi (69 km) Piešťany Airport
Medium airport - 51 mi (82 km) Zabreh Ostrava Airport
Small airport - 54 mi (87 km) Žilina Airport
Medium airport - 56 mi (91 km) M. R. Štefánik Airport
Large airport - 78 mi (127 km) Vienna International Airport
Large airport - 90 mi (145 km) John Paul II International Airport Kraków-Balice Airport
Large airport - 120 mi (194 km) Ruzyně International Airport
Large airport - 150 mi (242 km) Budapest Listz Ferenc Internationall Airport
Large airport - 155 mi (250 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Neusiedl an der Zaya
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.