Explore Hungary in Europe

Hungary
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Hungary with its capital Budapest is located in Europe (Central Europe, northwest of Romania). It covers some 93,031 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Indiana) with 9,930,000 citizens. Hungarian is the language commonly spoken by people in Hungary. Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania, Ukraine, , Croatia, Austria and Serbia are bordering countries.

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Hungary is one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world, with a capital regarded as one of the most beautiful in the world. Despite its relatively small size, the country is home to numerous World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Biosphere reserves, the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grassland in Europe (Hortobágy).

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Website: Hungary Tourism

The terrain offers mostly flat to rolling plains having hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border. The average density of population is about 107 per km². The climate in Hungary can be described as temperate with cold, cloudy, humid winters, warm summers.

To reach someone in Hungary dial +36 prior to a number. There are 3,069,000 installed telephones. And there are 11,793,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hu". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.

Learn more on our Hungarian Facts page.

Description of the flag of Hungary

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green; the flag dates to the national movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, and fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with the revolutionary tricolor form of the French flag; folklore attributes virtues to the colors: red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope; alternatively, the red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up so much of the country.

National administrative regions of Hungary

Historical background information

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

Learn more on our Hungarian Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.