Discover Hungary in Europe

Hungary with its capital Budapest is located in Europe (Central Europe, northwest of Romania). It covers some 93,031 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Indiana) with 9,930,000 citizens. Hungarian is the language commonly spoken by people in Hungary. Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania, Ukraine, Croatia, Austria and Serbia are bordering countries.

Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Hungary is one of the 15 most popular tourist destinations in the world, with a capital regarded as one of the most beautiful in the world. Despite its relatively small size, the country is home to numerous World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Biosphere reserves, the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grassland in Europe (Hortobágy).

Pictures from the Hungarian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Budapest is like. We have selected more pictures from Budapest on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Hungary Tourism

The terrain offers mostly flat to rolling plains having hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border. The average density of population is about 107 per km². The climate in Hungary can be described as temperate with cold, cloudy, humid winters, warm summers.

To reach someone in Hungary dial +36 prior to a number. There are 3,069,000 installed telephones. And there are 11,793,000 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 850, 1900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".hu". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 230V - 50Hz.


Description of the flag of Hungary

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and green; the flag dates to the national movement of the 18th and 19th centuries, and fuses the medieval colors of the Hungarian coat of arms with the revolutionary tricolor form of the French flag; folklore attributes virtues to the colors: red for strength, white for faithfulness, and green for hope; alternatively, the red is seen as being for the blood spilled in defense of the land, white for freedom, and green for the pasturelands that make up so much of the country.


National administrative regions of Hungary


Historical background information

Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.

Demographic Information

Hungary has 852 persons having reached the age of 100 years. Ladies make up for 747 of this count (which is 88%). 475,287 young citizens below the age of five (and make up for 5% of the total population). 9.4 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Hungarian Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Hungary

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: Europe
Neighbours: Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania, Ukraine, Croatia, Austria, Serbia
Capital: Budapest
Size 93,030 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 35,919 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Indiana
Population 9,930,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Forint, Currency Code: HUF
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .hu
Telephone Country Prefix +36
Mobile Phone Connections 11,793,000
Landline Phone Connections 3,069,000
Military Spendings 1.75% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 93,028 (sq km) 110

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 9,939,470 87
Population growth rate -0.20 (%) 212
Birth rate 9.37 (births/1,000 population) 203
Death rate 12.71 (deaths/1,000 population) 23
Net migration rate 1.36 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 50
Maternal mortality rate 21.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 137
Infant mortality rate 5.16 (deaths/1,000 live births) 179
Life expectancy at birth 75.24 (years) 95
Total fertility rate 1.41 (children born/woman) 204
Health expenditures 7.30 (% of GDP) 75
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.10 (%) 134
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 3,000 128
HIV/AIDS - deaths 200 113
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27.60 (%) 37
Education expenditures 5.10 (% of GDP) 67
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 26.1 (%) 36

Economy

Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 198,800,000,000 57
GDP - real growth rate -1.70 (%) 206
GDP - per capita (PPP) 20,000 71
Labor force 4,391,000 87
Unemployment rate 11.20 (%) 121
Distribution of family income - Gini index 25 133
Investment (gross fixed) 16.00 (% of GDP) 132
Taxes and other revenues 43.4 (% of GDP) 32
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -2.80 (% of GDP) 106
Public debt 78.60 (% of GDP) 28
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 5.70 (%) 154
Central bank discount rate 7.00 (%) 41
Commercial bank prime lending rate 8.56 (%) 107
Stock of narrow money 32,340,000,000 56
Stock of broad money 74,500,000,000 59
Stock of domestic credit 85,670,000,000 57
Market value of publicly traded shares 22,800,000,000 60
Industrial production growth rate 1.70 (%) 122
Current account balance 2,146,000,000 38
Exports 105,100,000,000 39
Imports 98,200,000,000 35
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 67,000,000,000 30
Debt - external 202,000,000,000 34
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home 94,900,000,000 41
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad 30,300,000,000 43

Energy

Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 34,280,000,000 (kWh) 64
Electricity - consumption 36,130,000,000 (kWh) 56
Electricity - exports 9,000,000,000 (kWh) 23
Electricity - imports 16,970,000,000 (kWh) 10
Electricity - installed generating capacity 9900000 (kW) 57
Electricity - from fossil fuels 72.0 (% of total installed capacity) 103
Electricity - from nuclear fuels 20.0 (% of total installed capacity) 12
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 1.0 (% of total installed capacity) 142
Electricity - from other renewable sources 7.0 (% of total installed capacity) 29
Crude oil - production 22,560 (bbl/day) 70
Crude oil - imports 108,500 (bbl/day) 48
Crude oil - proved reserves 31720000 (bbl) 84
Refined petroleum products - production 167,900 (bbl/day) 60
Refined petroleum products - consumption 141,100 (bbl/day) 71
Refined petroleum products - exports 49,010 (bbl/day) 61
Refined petroleum products - imports 171,600 (bbl/day) 32
Natural gas - production 2,072,000,000 (cu m) 56
Natural gas - consumption 11,900,000,000 (cu m) 45
Natural gas - exports 835,000,000 (cu m) 41
Natural gas - imports 8,173,000,000 (cu m) 29
Natural gas - proved reserves 3,014,000,000 (cu m) 94
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 50,390,000 (Mt) 61

Communications

Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 2,933,000 52
Telephones - mobile cellular 11,690,000 67
Internet hosts 3,145,000 33
Internet users 6,176,000 41

Transportation

Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 41 104
Railways 8,057 (km) 26
Roadways 197,519 (km) 24
Waterways 1,622 (km) 48

Military

Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.75 (% of GDP) 83

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.