Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1984
Size of heritage: 154 ha

Longitude: 35,194°
Latitude: 33,272°


According to legend, purple dye was invented in Tyre. This great Phoenician city ruled the seas and founded prosperous colonies such as Cadiz and Carthage, but its historical role declined at the end of the Crusades. There are important archaeological remains, mainly from Roman times.

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Tyre, located in the City and District of Tyre in the Governorate of South Lebanon, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds immense historical and cultural significance. This ancient city has a rich history dating back over 4,000 years and has witnessed the rise and fall of various civilizations. Today, Tyre stands as a testament to the architectural and cultural achievements of its past.


Tyre was originally founded by the Phoenicians in the third millennium BCE and quickly became a major maritime and trading center in the Mediterranean. It flourished under Phoenician rule and later came under the control of various empires, including the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, and Macedonians under Alexander the Great.

During the Roman period, Tyre reached its peak as a prosperous city and played a crucial role in the trade routes of the Roman Empire. It was renowned for its purple dye production, which was highly sought after and considered a symbol of royalty. The city's wealth and influence can be seen in its impressive architectural structures, such as the triumphal arch and the Roman hippodrome.

In the Byzantine era, Tyre continued to thrive as an important center for trade and Christianity. Several churches were built, including the Cathedral of Tyre, which served as the seat of the Archbishop of Tyre.

Over the centuries, Tyre faced numerous invasions and sieges, leading to its decline. It was conquered by the Arabs in the 7th century and later came under the rule of the Crusaders. The city was heavily damaged during these conflicts, but remnants of its glorious past can still be seen today.

Current State

The UNESCO World Heritage site of Tyre encompasses both the ancient ruins and the modern city. The archaeological site covers approximately 83 hectares and includes the remains of the ancient city, such as the Roman hippodrome, the triumphal arch, and the necropolis.

The modern city of Tyre, located adjacent to the archaeological site, is a vibrant coastal town that offers a unique blend of history and contemporary life. It attracts tourists from around the world who come to explore its ancient ruins and enjoy its beautiful beaches.

Efforts have been made to preserve and protect the archaeological site of Tyre. The Directorate General of Antiquities in Lebanon, in collaboration with international organizations, has conducted extensive excavations and restoration work to ensure the site's longevity.

However, Tyre faces challenges in terms of urban development and encroachment on the archaeological site. The rapid growth of the modern city poses a threat to the preservation of the ancient ruins. To address these concerns, the Lebanese government, in cooperation with UNESCO, has implemented measures to balance urban development with the protection of the World Heritage site.


Tyre, a UNESCO World Heritage site in Lebanon, is a treasure trove of history and culture. Its ancient ruins bear witness to the city's illustrious past as a Phoenician trading hub, a Roman stronghold, and a Byzantine center of Christianity. Today, Tyre stands as a living testament to the achievements of these civilizations and serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving our shared heritage.

Videos from the area

Tyre, Lebanon

Published: September 27, 2014
Length: 44:31 min
Rating: 4 of 5
Author: Yazeed Al Sayed

D.O.P & Edited by Yazeed Al Sayed Shot with Canon 7D Canon lens 50 mm 1.8.

Lebanon - UNIFIL soldiers in the market of Tyre

Published: October 30, 2012
Length: 22:42 min
Rating: 0 of 5
Author: MrTankReady

Ливан. Тир.

Published: November 22, 2009
Length: 23:37 min
Rating: 4 of 5
Author: Ислам Сулоев

Ливан, Тир. До сих пор с тоской вспоминаю теплое и ласковое, а главное - чистейшее Средиземное море :-)

Octopuses out of water

Published: April 13, 2013
Length: 32:32 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: Boyd G. Photography

While down by the sea in Southern Lebanon a few divers came out of the water with their dinner. A pile of octopuses, which I found quite mesmerizing and gnarly.

Visiting Tyre Sour, One of Lebanon's Most Beautiful Cities

Published: October 05, 2014
Length: 18:13 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: NoGarlic NoOnions

Tyre (Arabic: صور), sometimes romanized as Sour, is a city in the South Governorate of Lebanon. Tyre juts out from the coast of the Mediterranean and is located about 80 km south of Beirut....

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