Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 1984
Size of heritage: 154 ha
According to legend, purple dye was invented in Tyre. This great Phoenician city ruled the seas and founded prosperous colonies such as Cadiz and Carthage, but its historical role declined at the end of the Crusades. There are important archaeological remains, mainly from Roman times.
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Tyre, located in the City and District of Tyre in the Governorate of South Lebanon, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds immense historical and cultural significance. This ancient city has a rich history dating back over 4,000 years and has witnessed the rise and fall of various civilizations. Today, Tyre stands as a testament to the architectural and cultural achievements of its past.
Tyre was originally founded by the Phoenicians in the third millennium BCE and quickly became a major maritime and trading center in the Mediterranean. It flourished under Phoenician rule and later came under the control of various empires, including the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, and Macedonians under Alexander the Great.
During the Roman period, Tyre reached its peak as a prosperous city and played a crucial role in the trade routes of the Roman Empire. It was renowned for its purple dye production, which was highly sought after and considered a symbol of royalty. The city's wealth and influence can be seen in its impressive architectural structures, such as the triumphal arch and the Roman hippodrome.
In the Byzantine era, Tyre continued to thrive as an important center for trade and Christianity. Several churches were built, including the Cathedral of Tyre, which served as the seat of the Archbishop of Tyre.
Over the centuries, Tyre faced numerous invasions and sieges, leading to its decline. It was conquered by the Arabs in the 7th century and later came under the rule of the Crusaders. The city was heavily damaged during these conflicts, but remnants of its glorious past can still be seen today.
The UNESCO World Heritage site of Tyre encompasses both the ancient ruins and the modern city. The archaeological site covers approximately 83 hectares and includes the remains of the ancient city, such as the Roman hippodrome, the triumphal arch, and the necropolis.
The modern city of Tyre, located adjacent to the archaeological site, is a vibrant coastal town that offers a unique blend of history and contemporary life. It attracts tourists from around the world who come to explore its ancient ruins and enjoy its beautiful beaches.
Efforts have been made to preserve and protect the archaeological site of Tyre. The Directorate General of Antiquities in Lebanon, in collaboration with international organizations, has conducted extensive excavations and restoration work to ensure the site's longevity.
However, Tyre faces challenges in terms of urban development and encroachment on the archaeological site. The rapid growth of the modern city poses a threat to the preservation of the ancient ruins. To address these concerns, the Lebanese government, in cooperation with UNESCO, has implemented measures to balance urban development with the protection of the World Heritage site.
Tyre, a UNESCO World Heritage site in Lebanon, is a treasure trove of history and culture. Its ancient ruins bear witness to the city's illustrious past as a Phoenician trading hub, a Roman stronghold, and a Byzantine center of Christianity. Today, Tyre stands as a living testament to the achievements of these civilizations and serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving our shared heritage.
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Small airport - 24 mi (39 km) Ben Ya'akov Airport
Medium airport - 30 mi (48 km) Haifa International Airport
Medium airport - 33 mi (54 km) Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport
Large airport - 42 mi (67 km) Damascus International Airport
Large airport - 77 mi (124 km) Sde Dov Airport
Medium airport - 83 mi (135 km) King Hussein Air College
Small airport - 88 mi (143 km) Ben Gurion International Airport
Large airport - 89 mi (144 km) Queen Alia International Airport
Large airport - 117 mi (188 km) Larnaca International Airport
Large airport - 143 mi (230 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Al Butayhah
- Al Khushniyah
- Al Qunaytirah
- Ash Shajarah
- Ash Shunah ash Shamaliyah
- Beit ed Dine
- Bent Jbail
- Jdaidet el Matn
- Joubb Jannine
- Kafr Asad
- Khan Arnabah
- Mazra`at Bayt Jinn
- Nabatiye et Tahta
- Rachaiya el Ouadi
- Samma ar Rawsan
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Ain Baal
- Ain Hamraniye
- Borj ech Chemali
- Borj el Qibli
- Boustane Jouar et Tannour
- Deir Qanoun
- El Bass
- El Bazouriye
- El Bourgheliye
- El Henniye
- El Malkiye
- El Mansouri
- El Maqsbe
- El Qlaile
- Er Rachidiye
- Es Siaha
- Es Smaiye
- Jouar en Nakhl
- Khirbat `Ayn al Qanatir
- Mazraat Jall el Bahr
- Nabi Qassem
- Ras el Ain
- Tair Debbe