Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1984
Size of heritage:
The ruins of many successive civilizations are found at Byblos, one of the oldest Phoenician cities. Inhabited since Neolithic times, it has been closely linked to the legends and history of the Mediterranean region for thousands of years. Byblos is also directly associated with the history and diffusion of the Phoenician alphabet.
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Byblos: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Lebanon
Byblos, located in the City and district of Jbeil, Governorate of Mount Lebanon, is a historic city that has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site. With a rich history dating back over 7,000 years, Byblos is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Its archaeological ruins and well-preserved ancient structures make it a significant cultural and historical destination.
The history of Byblos can be traced back to the Neolithic period, around 5000 BC, when it was a small fishing village. Over the centuries, it grew into a prosperous city and became an important center for trade and commerce in the ancient world. Byblos was a hub for the trade of cedar wood, papyrus, and other valuable goods, which led to its prominence and influence in the region.
Throughout its history, Byblos was ruled by various civilizations, including the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. Each civilization left its mark on the city, contributing to its diverse architectural styles and cultural heritage.
Today, Byblos is a vibrant city that seamlessly blends its ancient past with modern life. The UNESCO World Heritage site encompasses the archaeological ruins of the ancient city, including the Phoenician temples, Roman theater, Crusader castle, and medieval city walls.
The Phoenician temples, dating back to the 3rd millennium BC, are among the most significant archaeological remains in Byblos. These temples were dedicated to the worship of Baalat Gebal, the city's patron goddess. The ruins showcase the architectural prowess of the Phoenicians and provide insights into their religious practices.
The Roman theater, built during the 2nd century AD, is another remarkable feature of Byblos. With a seating capacity of around 5,000 spectators, it was a venue for various performances and cultural events. Today, the theater is occasionally used for concerts and festivals, adding to the city's cultural vibrancy.
The Crusader castle, constructed in the 12th century AD, stands as a testament to the medieval period of Byblos. It offers panoramic views of the city and the Mediterranean Sea. The castle's architecture reflects the military strategies employed during the Crusades and provides a glimpse into the turbulent history of the region.
Byblos is not just a city of ruins; it is a living heritage site. The modern city surrounding the archaeological site is a bustling hub of activity, with vibrant markets, restaurants, and cafes. Visitors can explore the narrow streets of the old town, browse through local handicrafts, and savor traditional Lebanese cuisine.
Byblos continues to be a center for cultural events and festivals, attracting both locals and tourists. The annual Byblos International Festival, held in the historic quarter, showcases a diverse range of performances, including music, theater, and dance.
Byblos, with its rich history and well-preserved archaeological treasures, offers a unique glimpse into the ancient world. Its recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage site ensures the preservation and promotion of this exceptional cultural heritage for future generations to appreciate and learn from.
Hotels and places to stay
Byblos Sur Mer
Aleph Boutique Hotel
MONOBERGE BYBLOS HOTEL
Canari de Byblos
Rabiya Marine Hotel
Videos from the area
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Large airport - 23 mi (37 km) Kiryat Shmona Airport
Small airport - 62 mi (101 km) Damascus International Airport
Large airport - 70 mi (113 km) Ben Ya'akov Airport
Medium airport - 79 mi (127 km) Bassel Al-Assad International Airport
Large airport - 90 mi (146 km) Haifa International Airport
Medium airport - 97 mi (157 km) Larnaca International Airport
Large airport - 126 mi (204 km) King Hussein Air College
Small airport - 127 mi (205 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Ad Dimas
- Al Hamidiyah
- Al Karimah
- As Safsafah
- Az Zabadani
- Beit ed Dine
- Jdaidet el Matn
- Joubb Jannine
- Nabatiye et Tahta
- Rachaiya el Ouadi
- Sir ed Danniye
- `Ayn al Fijah
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Ed Daoura
- Ed Douqa
- El Biyad
- El Fidar
- El Ghmaq
- El Hara
- El Harf
- El Midane
- El Qiddemiye
- Hai Mar Saba
- Hai Mar Semaane
- Hai Mar Taqla
- Hai Saidet Martine
- Hai ech Chami
- Hai el Aarbe
- Jesr ed Djej
- Kfar Kikhle
- Kfar Sale
- Kfar Siyada
- Kfar Zbouna
- Mafraq Aamchit
- Mazraat Adonis
- Saqiet Zaidane