Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2008
Size of heritage: 55 ha
- Buffer zone: 167 ha
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano covers 55 ha, including Mount Titano and the historic centre of the city which dates back to the foundation of the republic as a city-state in the 13th century. San Marino is inscribed as a testimony to the continuity of a free republic since the Middle Ages. The inscribed city centre includes fortification towers, walls, gates and bastions, as well as a neo-classical basilica of the 19th century, 14th and 16th century convents, and the Palazzo Publico of the 19th century, as well as the 18th century Titano Theatre. The property represents an historical centre still inhabited and preserving all its institutional functions. Thanks to its position on top of Mount Titano, it was not affected by the urban transformations that have occurred from the advent of the industrial era to today.
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San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano
The San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the Republic of San Marino, a small landlocked country in Southern Europe. This site encompasses the historic center of the capital city, San Marino, as well as the iconic Mount Titano that overlooks it.
The history of San Marino dates back to the 4th century when a Christian stonemason named Marinus established a small community on Mount Titano to escape religious persecution. This community eventually grew into the Republic of San Marino, one of the oldest surviving sovereign states in the world.
Over the centuries, San Marino faced numerous challenges and invasions, but it managed to maintain its independence and preserve its unique cultural heritage. The historic center of San Marino, with its medieval architecture and narrow winding streets, reflects the city's rich history and the influence of various civilizations that have shaped it.
Mount Titano, with its three peaks, has played a significant role in the defense of San Marino throughout history. The fortifications and towers built on the mountain provided strategic advantages and allowed the republic to withstand numerous sieges. The Guaita, Cesta, and Montale towers, perched on the mountain's peaks, are iconic symbols of San Marino's resilience and independence.
The San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano continue to be of great importance to the people of San Marino and visitors alike. The historic center is a vibrant hub of activity, with its charming streets lined with shops, restaurants, and historical landmarks. The Palazzo Pubblico, the seat of the government, stands proudly in the heart of the city, showcasing its medieval architecture.
The three towers on Mount Titano are open to the public and offer breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding countryside. Visitors can explore the fortifications, learn about the history of San Marino, and enjoy the stunning vistas from these vantage points.
The preservation and conservation of the San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano are of utmost importance to the government and people of San Marino. Efforts are continuously made to protect and maintain the historic buildings, fortifications, and natural environment of the site. Strict regulations are in place to ensure that any new construction or modifications within the historic center are in harmony with the existing architecture and do not compromise the site's integrity.
The UNESCO World Heritage designation has brought international recognition to the San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano, attracting tourists from around the world. The site serves as a living testament to the resilience, cultural heritage, and unique identity of the Republic of San Marino.
Visiting the San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano is a journey through time, offering a glimpse into the rich history and traditions of this small but mighty republic. It is a place where ancient fortifications, medieval architecture, and stunning natural beauty come together to create an unforgettable experience.
Hotels and places to stay
Grand Hotel San Marino
Grand Hotel Primavera
Hotel Quercia Antica
Videos from the area
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Webcams from the area
Medium airport - 10 mi (17 km) Forlì Airport
Medium airport - 26 mi (43 km) Ravenna Airport
Medium airport - 32 mi (52 km) Arezzo Airport
Small airport - 45 mi (72 km) Ancona / Falconara Airport
Medium airport - 50 mi (82 km) Perugia / San Egidio Airport
Medium airport - 58 mi (94 km) Firenze / Peretola Airport
Medium airport - 63 mi (101 km) Bologna / Borgo Panigale Airport
Large airport - 71 mi (115 km) Pisa / San Giusto - Galileo Galilei International Airport
Large airport - 104 mi (168 km) Venezia / Tessera - Marco Polo Airport
Large airport - 109 mi (176 km) Treviso / Sant'Angelo Airport
Large airport - 119 mi (192 km) Leonardo Da Vinci (Fiumicino) International Airport
Large airport - 147 mi (238 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Borgo Maggiore
- Macerata Feltria
- Mercatino Conca
- Mercato Vecchio
- Monte Cerignone
- Monte Colombo
- Monte Giardino
- Monte Grimano Terme
- Montefiore Conca
- Poggio Berni
- Poggio di Chiesanuova
- San Leo
- San Marino
- Serra di Maiolo
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Brocchi I
- Ca Rigo
- Ca' Marone
- Ca' Merone
- Ca' Micci
- Dogana di Verucchio I
- Monte Licciano
- Pieve Corena
- Ponte Verucchio
- Santa Cristina