San Marino
in Southern Europe
Europe

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Euro - EUR
Spoken languages:
Italian
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F, L)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G
ISO 2-Letter code:
SM
Internet top level domain:
.sm
Country phone prefix:
+378
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore San Marino

San Marino with its capital San Marino is located in Europe (Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy). It covers some 62 square kilometers (about one-third the size of Washington, DC) with a population of 33,537. Italian is the official language spoken by people in San Marino. As an interesting fact, Italy is the only bordering country.

San Marino is the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy City and Monaco), and claims to be the world's oldest republic. Simply walk around the city. The narrow streets are full of surprises. The walkways wind up and down the hillside in an interesting way, inviting exploration. TheSan Marino lake in Faetano where fish can be caught.

Popular Destinations in San Marino

Administrative regions of San Marino

About the country

The topography is rugged mountains. The average density of population is about 550 per km². The climate in San Marino can be described as Mediterraneanmild to cool winters, warm, sunny summers. Potential natural disasters are occasional earthquakes.

To reach someone San Marino dial +378 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".sm". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F, L). The sign for the locally used currency Euro is EUR.

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the main colors derive from the shield of the coat of arms, which features three white towers on three peaks on a blue field; the towers represent three castles built on San Marino's highest feature, Mount Titano: Guaita, Cesta, and Montale; the coat of arms is flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty); the white and blue colors are also said to stand for peace and liberty respectively.

Flag of San Marino

Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named MARINUS in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of the EU, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 224) 61sq km
Land (World Rank: 222) 61sq km
Comparative about one-third the size of Washington, DC
Landborder
37
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 32) 55m
Highest point (World Rank: 184) 739m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 176) 16.70%
Arable (World Rank: 69) 16.70%
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution
  • - urbanization decreasing rural farmlands
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Desertification
  • - Whaling
Agreement signed Air Pollution
Hazzards occasional earthquakes
Location
Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Climate
Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrain
rugged mountains

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 212) 33,537
Deathrate (World Rank: 73) 0.87%
Birthrate (World Rank: 214) 0.86%
Growthrate (World Rank: 137) 0.74%
Migration rate (World Rank: 14) 0.75%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 194) 1.50%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 10) 43.30
Female (World Rank: 11) 45.40
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 214) 2,709
0 14 female (World Rank: 214) 2,396
15 24 male (World Rank: 213) 2,003
15 24 female (World Rank: 213) 1,861
25 54 male (World Rank: 213) 6,435
25 54 female (World Rank: 213) 7,240
55 64 male (World Rank: 211) 2,142
55 64 female (World Rank: 210) 2,191
65 x male (World Rank: 202) 2,945
65 x female (World Rank: 202) 3,615
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 185) 0.43%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 5) 83years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 5) 86years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 6) 81years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 4) 6.36
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 56) 3.80

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 156) 2% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 103) 6% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 109) -3% of GDP
National symbol
three peaks each displaying a tower
National colours
white
Adjective
Sammarinese
Noun
Sammarinese (singular and plural)
Background
Geographically the third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named MARINUS in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of the EU, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.
Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the main colors derive from the shield of the coat of arms, which features three white towers on three peaks on a blue field; the towers represent three castles built on San Marino's highest feature, Mount Titano: Guaita, Cesta, and Montale; the coat of arms is flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty); the white and blue colors are also said to stand for peace and liberty respectively

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 195) 2,023,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 171) 1.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 17) 59,500USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 217) 0.10%
Source industry (World Rank: 27) 39.20%
Source service (World Rank: 116) 60.70%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 208) 21,960
Products
Industries
  • - banking
  • - cement
  • - ceramics
  • - electronics
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
  • - wine
Agriculture
  • - beef
  • - cattle
  • - cheese
  • - corn
  • - grapes
  • - hides
  • - horses
  • - olives
  • - pigs
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - baked goods
  • - building stone
  • - ceramics
  • - chestnuts
  • - hides
  • - lime
  • - wheat
  • - wine
  • - wood
Imports
  • - energy
  • - food
  • - wide variety of consumer manufactures

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 183) 16,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 23) 48.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 106) 110.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 203) 17,200
Population (World Rank: 117) 52.60%

Transport

Road
Total length (World Rank: 206) 292
Paved length (World Rank: 165) 292

Popular places in this country

This is a list of famous places in this country in alphabetical order.