Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1995
Size of heritage: 62 ha
- Buffer zone: 650 ha
Kutná Hora developed as a result of the exploitation of the silver mines. In the 14th century it became a royal city endowed with monuments that symbolized its prosperity. The Church of St Barbara, a jewel of the late Gothic period, and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec, which was restored in line with the Baroque taste of the early 18th century, were to influence the architecture of central Europe. These masterpieces today form part of a well-preserved medieval urban fabric with some particularly fine private dwellings.
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Kutná Hora: Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec
Kutná Hora, located in the City and District of Kutná Hora in the Central Bohemian Region of Czechia, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its historical town centre, the Church of St Barbara, and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec. This exceptional site showcases the rich history and architectural beauty of the region.
Kutná Hora's history dates back to the 13th century when it became a significant silver mining center, rivaling Prague in wealth and importance. The town's prosperity led to the construction of magnificent Gothic buildings, which still stand today as a testament to its glorious past.
The Church of St Barbara, a masterpiece of late Gothic architecture, was built in the 14th century. Dedicated to the patron saint of miners, it served as a place of worship for the miners and their families. The church's stunning interior features intricate vaulted ceilings, beautiful stained glass windows, and exquisite frescoes, all showcasing the artistic achievements of the time.
The Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec, located in the nearby suburb of Sedlec, is another remarkable structure within the UNESCO site. Originally a small chapel, it was expanded into a grand cathedral in the 14th century. The cathedral's most famous feature is the Sedlec Ossuary, also known as the "Bone Church." This unique chapel is adorned with the bones of approximately 40,000 people, arranged in elaborate patterns, creating a macabre yet awe-inspiring sight.
Today, Kutná Hora's historical town centre, along with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec, continue to captivate visitors from around the world. The town's well-preserved medieval architecture and charming cobblestone streets create an enchanting atmosphere, transporting visitors back in time.
The Church of St Barbara remains an active place of worship, hosting religious services and cultural events. Its stunning interior and exterior make it a popular destination for art and architecture enthusiasts. Visitors can admire the intricate details of the church's facade, including its ornate spires and delicate stone carvings.
The Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec, with its Bone Church, is a unique and thought-provoking attraction. The ossuary's bone decorations, meticulously arranged into chandeliers, coats of arms, and even a bone pyramidal structure, offer a hauntingly beautiful experience.
Aside from these architectural gems, Kutná Hora also offers other notable attractions, such as the Italian Court, a former royal residence, and the Hrádek Castle, which provides panoramic views of the town and its surroundings.
Overall, Kutná Hora's Historical Town Centre with the Church of St Barbara and the Cathedral of Our Lady at Sedlec is a UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the town's rich history and architectural splendor. It is a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in the medieval charm and cultural heritage of Czechia.
Hotels and places to stay
Medinek Old Town
U Vlasskeho Dvora
Na Havlicku Garni
Vila U Varhanáre
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Webcams from the area
Medium airport - 21 mi (35 km) Ruzyně International Airport
Large airport - 46 mi (74 km) Brno-Tuřany Airport
Medium airport - 84 mi (136 km) Dresden Airport
Large airport - 105 mi (169 km) Copernicus Wrocław Airport
Medium airport - 107 mi (172 km) Linz Airport
Medium airport - 128 mi (207 km) Cottbus-Drewitz Airport
Medium airport - 138 mi (222 km) Vienna International Airport
Large airport - 140 mi (226 km) M. R. Štefánik Airport
Large airport - 151 mi (244 km) Zielona Góra-Babimost Airport
Medium airport - 153 mi (247 km) Berlin-Schönefeld International Airport
Large airport - 184 mi (297 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Gryfow Slaski
- Hradec Kralove
- Jezow Sudecki
- Kamienna Gora
- Raabs an der Thaya
- Waidhofen an der Thaya
- Waldkirchen an der Thaya
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.