Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 2012
Size of heritage: 399 ha
- Buffer zone: 1,787 ha

Longitude: 100,972°
Latitude: 5,068°


Situated in the lush Lenggong Valley, the property includes four archaeological sites in two clusters which span close to 2 million years, one of the longest records of early man in a single locality, and the oldest outside the African continent. It features open-air and cave sites with Palaeolithic tool workshops, evidence of early technology. The number of sites found in the relatively contained area suggests the presence of a fairly large, semi-sedentary population with cultural remains from the Palaeolithic, Neolithic and Metal ages.

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Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley: A Glimpse into Malaysia's Ancient Past

The Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley, located in Malaysia at coordinates N5 4 4.47 E100 58 20.38, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a fascinating insight into the country's ancient history. This valley, situated in the state of Perak, is renowned for its exceptional archaeological discoveries, which have shed light on the early human settlements in Southeast Asia.


The Lenggong Valley has a rich historical significance that dates back thousands of years. The area was first recognized for its archaeological potential in the 1930s when a British geologist stumbled upon stone tools and artifacts. However, it wasn't until the 1980s that extensive excavations began, leading to the discovery of numerous prehistoric sites.

One of the most significant findings in the Lenggong Valley was the Perak Man, a 11,000-year-old skeleton that is the oldest and most complete human skeleton found in Southeast Asia. This discovery provided valuable insights into the early human migration patterns and cultural practices of the region.

Furthermore, the valley has yielded evidence of ancient tools, pottery, and cave paintings, indicating the presence of early human settlements and their artistic expressions. These archaeological findings have not only contributed to our understanding of Malaysia's past but have also provided valuable information about the broader history of human civilization.

Current State

Today, the Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley is meticulously preserved and protected as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The site covers an area of approximately 4,300 hectares and encompasses four archaeological sites: Bukit Bunuh, Kota Tampan, Bukit Jawa, and Bukit Tembakau.

Visitors to the Lenggong Valley can explore these sites and witness the remnants of ancient human settlements. The archaeological sites are marked with informative signboards that provide visitors with a deeper understanding of the historical significance of each location.

Efforts have been made to ensure the preservation and conservation of the Lenggong Valley's archaeological treasures. The Malaysian government, in collaboration with UNESCO, has implemented measures to safeguard the sites from natural and human-induced threats. These measures include the establishment of buffer zones, regular monitoring, and the implementation of strict regulations to prevent unauthorized excavations or damage to the sites.

Furthermore, ongoing research and excavations continue to uncover new insights into the Lenggong Valley's ancient past. Archaeologists and scientists from around the world collaborate to study the artifacts and remains found in the valley, contributing to our understanding of early human history and the development of civilization in Southeast Asia.

The Archaeological Heritage of the Lenggong Valley stands as a testament to Malaysia's rich cultural heritage and its significant contributions to the field of archaeology. This UNESCO World Heritage site offers a unique opportunity for visitors to delve into the mysteries of the past and gain a deeper appreciation for the ancient civilizations that once thrived in this remarkable valley.