Indonesia
in South-Eastern Asia
Asia

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Rupiah - IDR
Spoken languages:
Indonesian, English, Dutch, Javanese
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
ID
Internet top level domain:
.id
Country phone prefix:
+62
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Indonesia

Indonesia with its capital Jakarta is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean). It covers some 1,904,571 square kilometers (slightly less than three times the size of Texas) with 260,581,000 citizens. Indonesian, English, Dutch and Javanese are the languages commonly used by the people in Indonesia (consider regional differences). East Timor, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea are bordering countries.

Indonesia straddles the Equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia is home to no less than 167 active volcanoes, far more than any other country. Some of the more accessible for visitors are in the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park and the Ijen Crater in East Java, Mount Rinjani in Lombok and perhaps easiest of all, Mount Batur in Bali.

Impressions from the Indonesian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Indonesia

Administrative regions of Indonesia

About the country

Official logo of Indonesia tourism

Website: Indonesia Tourism

Jalan S Parman
Niti Mandala
Denpasar 80235
Bali

Phone: +62 361 222 387
Fax: +62 361 226 313
Mail: info@balitourismauthority.net

The landscape is mostly coastal lowlands and larger islands have interior mountains. The average density of population is about 137 per km². The climate in Indonesia can be described as tropicalhot, humid, more moderate in highlands. Potential threats by nature are earthquakes, forest fires, Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi , occasional floods, severe droughts, tsunamis and volcanoes.

To reach someone Indonesia dial +62 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".id". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Rupiah is IDR.

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors derive from the banner of the Majapahit Empire of the 13th-15th centuries; red symbolizes courage, white represents purity.

Flag of Indonesia

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was gradually eased from power. From 1967 until 1998, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" government. After street protests toppled SUHARTO in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 16) 1,904,570sq km
Land (World Rank: 16) 1,811,570sq km
Water (World Rank: 10) 93,000sq km
Forest (World Rank: 150) 6.10%
Comparative slightly less than three times the size of Texas
Coastline
54716
Landborder
2958
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 30) 4,884m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 133) 31.20%
Arable (World Rank: 89) 13.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 21) 12.10%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 150) 6.10%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 6) 67,220sq km
Map reference
Southeast Asia
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution in urban areas
  • - deforestation
  • - sewage
  • - smoke and haze from forest fires
  • - water pollution from industrial wastes
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Agreement signed Marine Life Conservation
Hazzards
  • - earthquakes
  • - forest fires
  • - Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi
  • - occasional floods
  • - severe droughts
  • - tsunamis
  • - volcanoes
Location
Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Climate
tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Terrain
mostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 4) 260,581,000
Deathrate (World Rank: 143) 0.65%
Birthrate (World Rank: 111) 1.62%
Growthrate (World Rank: 124) 0.86%
Migration rate (World Rank: 108) -0.11%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 104) 2.11%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 114) 29.60
Female (World Rank: 110) 30.80
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 4) 33,205,800
0 14 female (World Rank: 4) 31,994,800
15 24 male (World Rank: 3) 22,537,800
15 24 female (World Rank: 3) 21,738,200
25 54 male (World Rank: 4) 56,493,400
25 54 female (World Rank: 4) 53,981,000
55 64 male (World Rank: 4) 10,192,400
55 64 female (World Rank: 4) 12,177,900
65 x male (World Rank: 5) 7,954,800
65 x female (World Rank: 6) 10,304,500
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 72) 2.27%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 137) 73years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 137) 76years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 135) 70years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 145) 0.20
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 150) 0.90
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 150) 60.80%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 162) 6.90%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 144) 87.40%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 21) 221,300,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 21) 199,300,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 111) 13,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 78) 85.10%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 114) 9.40%
Source renew (World Rank: 87) 5.90%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 23) 831,100bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 26) 289,300bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 18) 507,900bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 29) 3,230,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 20) 990,700bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 13) 1,708,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 40) 98,780bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 11) 668,500bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 11) 72,800,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 20) 53,150,000,000
Export (World Rank: 12) 30,290,000,000
Import (World Rank: 61) 0
Carbon footprint
442000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 130) 3% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 125) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 184) 3% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 95) -3% of GDP
National symbol
garuda
National colours
white
Adjective
Indonesian
Noun
Indonesian(s)
Background
The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was gradually eased from power. From 1967 until 1998, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" government. After street protests toppled SUHARTO in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement.
Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; the colors derive from the banner of the Majapahit Empire of the 13th-15th centuries; red symbolizes courage, white represents purity

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 8) 3,031,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 42) 5.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 126) 11,700USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 68) 14.00%
Source industry (World Rank: 21) 40.80%
Source service (World Rank: 191) 45.30%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 4) 125,400,000
In poverty (World Rank: 147) 10.90%
Products
Industries
  • - apparel
  • - appliances
  • - automotive
  • - cement
  • - chemical fertilizers
  • - electrical appliances
  • - footwear
  • - handicrafts
  • - jewelry
  • - medical instruments
  • - mining
  • - natural gas
  • - petroleum
  • - plywood
  • - processed food
  • - rubber
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - beef
  • - cocoa
  • - coffee
  • - essential oil
  • - fish
  • - forest products
  • - medicinal herbs
  • - palm oil
  • - poultry
  • - rubber
  • - shrimp
  • - spices
Exports
  • - animal or vegetable fats (includes palm oil)
  • - electrical machinery
  • - machinery
  • - mechanical appliance parts
  • - mineral fuels
  • - rubber
Imports
  • - boilers
  • - electric machinery
  • - foodstuffs
  • - iron
  • - machinery
  • - mechanical parts
  • - mineral fuels
  • - steel

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 18) 10,372,900
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 161) 4.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 28) 149.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 9) 65,525,200
Population (World Rank: 171) 25.40%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 12) 186.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 11) 487
Heliports (World Rank: 3) 76.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 27) 8,159
Road
Total length (World Rank: 14) 496,607
Paved length (World Rank: 14) 283,102
Unpaved length (World Rank: 11) 213,505
Water
Total length (World Rank: 7) 21,579