Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1994
Size of heritage: 0.64 ha
- Buffer zone: 628 ha
This pilgrimage church, built in honour of St John of Nepomuk, stands at Zelená Hora, not far from Ždár nad Sázavou in Moravia. Constructed at the beginning of the 18th century on a star-shaped plan, it is the most unusual work by the great architect Jan Blazej Santini, whose highly original style falls between neo-Gothic and Baroque.
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IntroductionThe Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora, located in the South Moravian Region of Czechia, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its unique architectural design and historical significance. This pilgrimage church, dedicated to St John of Nepomuk, attracts visitors from around the world who come to admire its beauty and explore its rich history.
HistoryThe construction of the Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk began in 1719 and was completed in 1722. It was designed by the renowned Czech architect Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel, who incorporated elements of Baroque and Gothic styles to create a truly distinctive structure. The church was built on the site where St John of Nepomuk, a Czech martyr, was allegedly born and buried.
Architectural FeaturesThe church's architectural design is a testament to Santini-Aichel's innovative approach. It features a central rotunda with five chapels radiating from it, forming a star-shaped ground plan. This unique layout symbolizes the five stars that, according to legend, appeared above St John of Nepomuk's body when it was retrieved from the Vltava River. The exterior of the church is adorned with intricate stucco decorations and sculptures, showcasing the skill and craftsmanship of the artists involved. Inside the church, visitors are greeted by a breathtaking interior. The main altar, dedicated to St John of Nepomuk, is a masterpiece of Baroque art, featuring a statue of the saint surrounded by ornate decorations. The walls are adorned with beautiful frescoes depicting scenes from the life of St John of Nepomuk, created by the renowned Czech painter Václav Vavřinec Reiner.
Current StateThe Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora has been meticulously preserved and restored over the years, ensuring that its architectural and historical significance remains intact. The church continues to serve as an active place of worship, attracting pilgrims and visitors alike. Visitors to the site can explore the church's interior, marvel at its unique design, and admire the stunning artwork that adorns its walls. The serene surroundings of the South Moravian Region provide a peaceful atmosphere for contemplation and reflection. The church also hosts various cultural events and concerts, further enhancing its appeal to visitors. These events showcase the acoustics of the church and provide an opportunity to experience the beauty of the site in a different context. In recognition of its exceptional architectural value and historical importance, the Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994. This prestigious designation ensures the preservation and protection of this remarkable cultural treasure for future generations to appreciate and enjoy. In conclusion, the Pilgrimage Church of St John of Nepomuk at Zelená Hora is a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site in Czechia's South Moravian Region. Its unique architectural design, rich history, and stunning interior make it a must-visit destination for those interested in art, history, and spirituality.
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Medium airport - 31 mi (51 km) Brno-Tuřany Airport
Medium airport - 45 mi (73 km) Holešov Airport
Small airport - 75 mi (122 km) Kunovice Airport
Medium airport - 77 mi (125 km) Ruzyně International Airport
Large airport - 83 mi (134 km) Vienna International Airport
Large airport - 105 mi (170 km) M. R. Štefánik Airport
Large airport - 113 mi (183 km) Copernicus Wrocław Airport
Medium airport - 113 mi (183 km) Dresden Airport
Large airport - 144 mi (232 km) Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport
Large airport - 242 mi (390 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Gopfritz an der Wild
- Hradec Kralove
- Neudorf bei Staatz
- Raabs an der Thaya
- Velka Bites
- Waidhofen an der Thaya
- Waldkirchen an der Thaya
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.