Thailand
in South-Eastern Asia
Asia

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Baht - THB
Spoken languages:
Thai, English
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: A, B, C, O)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
TH
Internet top level domain:
.th
Country phone prefix:
+66
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Thailand

Thailand with its capital Bangkok is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand). It covers some 513,121 square kilometers (about three times the size of Florida) with a population of 68,414,100. Thai and English are some of the languages spoken by the majority in Thailand. Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia and Myanmar are bordering countries.

Thailand

Popular Destinations in Thailand

Administrative regions of Thailand

About the country

Website: Thailand Tourism

1600 New Phetburi Road
Makkasan, Rachathewi
Bangkok 10310
Thailand

Phone: +66 2 250 5500
Fax: +66 2 250 5511
Mail: center@tat.or.th

The terrain is central plain with Khorat Plateau in the east as well as mountains elsewhere. The average density of population is about 133 per km². The climate in Thailand can be described as tropicalrainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September), dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March), southern isthmus always hot and humid. Possible natural disasters include droughts land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table

To reach someone Thailand dial +66 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".th". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: A, B, C, O). The sign for the locally used currency Baht is THB.

Five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red; the red color symbolizes the nation and the blood of life; white represents religion and the purity of Buddhism; blue stands for the monarchy.

Flag of Thailand

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the US in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. A blanket amnesty bill for individuals involved in street protests, altered at the last minute to include all political crimes - including all convictions against THAKSIN - triggered months of large-scale anti-government protests in Bangkok beginning in November 2013. In early May 2014, YINGLAK was removed from office by the Constitutional Court and in late May 2014 the Royal Thai Army, led by Royal Thai Army Gen. PRAYUT Chan-ocha, staged a coup against the caretaker government. PRAYUT was appointed prime minister in August 2014. The interim military government created several interim institutions to promote reform and draft a new constitution, which was passed in a national referendum in August 2016. Elections are tentatively set for mid-2018. King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet passed away in October 2016 after 70 years on the throne; his only son, WACHIRALONGKON Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun, ascended the throne in December 2016. He signed the new constitution in April 2017. Thailand has also experienced violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in its southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in the insurgency.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 52) 513,120sq km
Land (World Rank: 50) 510,890sq km
Water (World Rank: 88) 2,230sq km
Forest (World Rank: 184) 1.60%
Comparative about three times the size of Florida; slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming
Coastline
3219
Landborder
5673
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 99) 2,565m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 103) 41.20%
Arable (World Rank: 29) 30.80%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 38) 8.80%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 184) 1.60%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 8) 64,150sq km
Map reference
Southeast Asia
Environment
Issues
  • - air pollution from vehicle emissions
  • - deforestation
  • - soil erosion
  • - water pollution from organic and factory wastes
  • - wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Marine Life Conservation
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Agreement signed Law of the Sea
Hazzards
  • - droughts
  • - land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma
Climate
tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid
Terrain
central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 20) 68,414,100
Deathrate (World Rank: 90) 0.80%
Birthrate (World Rank: 175) 1.10%
Growthrate (World Rank: 167) 0.30%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 191) 1.52%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 61) 36.60
Female (World Rank: 62) 38.70
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 31) 5,933,270
0 14 female (World Rank: 31) 5,649,860
15 24 male (World Rank: 20) 4,943,580
15 24 female (World Rank: 22) 4,752,040
25 54 male (World Rank: 18) 15,677,300
25 54 female (World Rank: 18) 16,009,400
55 64 male (World Rank: 14) 3,851,580
55 64 female (World Rank: 13) 4,358,840
65 x male (World Rank: 16) 3,165,800
65 x female (World Rank: 18) 4,072,450
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 143) 0.92%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 113) 75years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 103) 78years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 120) 72years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 133) 0.39
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 98) 2.10
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 84) 93.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 140) 10.00%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 84) 97.80%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 23) 167,900,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 22) 168,300,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 42) 2,267,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 15) 14,410,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 94) 76.70%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 119) 8.90%
Source renew (World Rank: 49) 14.20%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 33) 257,500bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 57) 12,200bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 15) 830,500bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 51) 396,400,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 17) 1,213,000bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 18) 1,272,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 30) 238,800bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 40) 162,800bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 21) 39,820,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 11) 114,800,000,000
Import (World Rank: 30) 0
Carbon footprint
301000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 102) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 77) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 92) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 104) -3% of GDP
National symbol
garuda
National colours
white
Adjective
Thai
Noun
Thai (singular and plural)
Background
A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been colonized by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the US in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. A blanket amnesty bill for individuals involved in street protests, altered at the last minute to include all political crimes - including all convictions against THAKSIN - triggered months of large-scale anti-government protests in Bangkok beginning in November 2013. In early May 2014, YINGLAK was removed from office by the Constitutional Court and in late May 2014 the Royal Thai Army, led by Royal Thai Army Gen. PRAYUT Chan-ocha, staged a coup against the caretaker government. PRAYUT was appointed prime minister in August 2014. The interim military government created several interim institutions to promote reform and draft a new constitution, which was passed in a national referendum in August 2016. Elections are tentatively set for mid-2018. King PHUMIPHON Adunyadet passed away in October 2016 after 70 years on the throne; his only son, WACHIRALONGKON Bodinthrathepphayawarangkun, ascended the throne in December 2016. He signed the new constitution in April 2017. Thailand has also experienced violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in its southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in the insurgency.
Flag description
five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red; the red color symbolizes the nation and the blood of life; white represents religion and the purity of Buddhism; blue stands for the monarchy

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 20) 1,165,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 90) 3.20%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 99) 16,900USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 100) 8.30%
Source industry (World Rank: 41) 35.80%
Source service (World Rank: 150) 55.80%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 16) 38,300,000
In poverty (World Rank: 158) 7.20%
Products
Industries
  • - agricultural machinery
  • - agricultural processing
  • - air conditioning
  • - aluminum
  • - automobiles
  • - automotive parts
  • - beverages
  • - cassava
  • - cement
  • - ceramics
  • - chemical
  • - computers
  • - electric appliances
  • - environmental management
  • - fishing
  • - furniture
  • - garments
  • - glass
  • - granite
  • - integrated circuits
  • - leather
  • - light manufacturing such as jewelry
  • - machinery
  • - marble
  • - metal work
  • - paper
  • - parts
  • - petrochemical
  • - petroleum refining
  • - pharmaceuticals
  • - plastics
  • - printing
  • - pulp
  • - refrigeration
  • - rice
  • - rubber
  • - sugar
  • - textiles
  • - tin
  • - tobacco
  • - tourism
  • - tungsten
Agriculture
  • - cassava
  • - coconuts
  • - corn
  • - fish products
  • - livestock
  • - manioc
  • - palm oil
  • - pineapple
  • - rice
  • - rubber
  • - sugarcane
  • - tapioca
Exports
  • - automobiles
  • - cassava
  • - chemical products
  • - computer
  • - electronic integrated circuits
  • - fish products
  • - iron
  • - jewelry
  • - machinery
  • - parts
  • - polymers of ethylene in primary forms
  • - poultry
  • - precious stones
  • - refine fuels
  • - rice
  • - rubber products
  • - steel
  • - sugar
  • - their products
Imports
  • - automobile’s parts
  • - chemicals
  • - computers
  • - cotton
  • - crude oil
  • - dairy products
  • - electrical household appliances
  • - electrical machinery
  • - electronic integrated circuit
  • - gold
  • - iron & steel
  • - jewelry
  • - machinery
  • - parts
  • - product
  • - silver bars
  • - soybean
  • - soybean meal
  • - wheat

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 30) 4,706,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 146) 7.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 12) 171.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 21) 32,398,800
Population (World Rank: 126) 47.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 39) 63.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 73) 38.00
Heliports (World Rank: 30) 7.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 45) 4,127
Road
Total length (World Rank: 30) 180,053
Water
Total length (World Rank: 27) 4,000