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Unesco World heritage since: 1980
Size of heritage:
Bosra, once the capital of the Roman province of Arabia, was an important stopover on the ancient caravan route to Mecca. A magnificent 2nd-century Roman theatre, early Christian ruins and several mosques are found within its great walls.
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IntroductionThe Ancient City of Bosra, located in the Governorate of Deraa, Syria, is a UNESCO World Heritage site of immense historical and cultural significance. This ancient city, with its well-preserved ruins, offers a glimpse into the rich history of the region and stands as a testament to the architectural and cultural achievements of its past inhabitants.
HistoryBosra has a history that spans over 2,000 years, with evidence of human settlement dating back to the prehistoric era. However, it was during the Roman period that Bosra flourished and became an important regional center. The city served as the capital of the Roman province of Arabia and was a vital stop along the trade routes connecting the Mediterranean with the Arabian Peninsula. During the Byzantine era, Bosra continued to thrive and became an important Christian center. The city was adorned with numerous churches, some of which still stand today. However, in the 7th century, Bosra fell to the Muslim armies during the Islamic conquests and became an important center of Islamic civilization.
Architectural MarvelsThe Ancient City of Bosra is renowned for its architectural marvels, which showcase a blend of Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic influences. The most iconic structure is the Bosra Theater, built during the 2nd century AD. This well-preserved Roman theater is one of the largest and most impressive in the world, with a seating capacity of around 15,000 spectators. The theater's intricate design and grandeur are a testament to the architectural prowess of the Roman Empire. Another notable structure is the Cathedral of Bosra, also known as the Church of St. Theodorus. This Byzantine church, dating back to the 6th century, features stunning mosaics and intricate architectural details. It stands as a testament to the city's Christian heritage. The Ancient City of Bosra also boasts a well-preserved Roman street network, complete with colonnades, arches, and other architectural elements. These streets offer visitors a chance to walk in the footsteps of ancient Romans and experience the grandeur of the city's past.
Current StateTragically, the Ancient City of Bosra has suffered significant damage due to the ongoing conflict in Syria. The city has been caught in the crossfire of the Syrian civil war, leading to the destruction of some of its historic structures and the displacement of its residents. The Bosra Theater, although damaged, still stands as a symbol of resilience amidst the destruction. Efforts have been made to protect and preserve the site, but the ongoing conflict has hindered restoration and conservation efforts. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has recognized the importance of the Ancient City of Bosra and has listed it as a World Heritage site in danger. This designation aims to raise awareness about the site's vulnerability and encourage international support for its preservation. In conclusion, the Ancient City of Bosra in Syria is a UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a glimpse into the region's rich history and architectural achievements. Despite the ongoing conflict and damage inflicted upon the site, its historical significance remains undeniable. Efforts must be made to protect and preserve this cultural treasure for future generations to appreciate and learn from.
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Small airport - 17 mi (28 km) Amman-Marka International Airport
Medium airport - 47 mi (77 km) Queen Alia International Airport
Large airport - 62 mi (100 km) Damascus International Airport
Large airport - 62 mi (100 km) Ben Ya'akov Airport
Medium airport - 62 mi (100 km) Kiryat Shmona Airport
Small airport - 70 mi (114 km) Haifa International Airport
Medium airport - 86 mi (139 km) Guriat Domestic Airport
Medium airport - 90 mi (145 km) Ben Gurion International Airport
Large airport - 100 mi (161 km) Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport
Large airport - 107 mi (172 km) Bassel Al-Assad International Airport
Large airport - 202 mi (325 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Al Ghariyah
- Al Harak
- Al Jizah
- Al Musayfirah
- Al Qurayya
- As Suwayda'
- Busra ash Sham
- Muthallath Jami`at Al al Bayt
- Muthallath Sabha
- Sama as Sirhan
- Umm al Jimal
- Umm al Qittayn
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Abu Katulah
- Ad Dayr
- Al Mujaymir
- Al `Afinah
- Bayt Abu Ra's
- Bayt Musallam `Ubayd
- Bayt Salman Aman
- Bayt al Mushafi
- Kawm ar Raff
- Khirbat Turayfah
- Khirbat al Manarah
- Mazra`at an Nimr
- Rasm Kawm Kuqayd
- Sahwat al Qamh
- Umm Walad