in Western Asia

Country Quickfacts
Currency and Currency Code:
Pound - SYP
Spoken languages:
Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, French, English
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, E, L)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G
ISO 2-Letter code:
Internet top level domain:
Country phone prefix:
Local Time (capital):
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Map of Syrian Unesco Heritage Sites

Click any of the markers above to learn more about the corresponding heritage site and learn more about Syria in Asia. The list below is ordered by name. The oldest site is Ancient City of Damascus. On the list since 1979. The youngest site is Ancient Villages of Northern Syria. On the list since 2011.

Name Since
Ancient City of Aleppo
Located at the crossroads of several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.C., Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans. The 13th-century citad...
Ancient City of Bosra
Bosra, once the capital of the Roman province of Arabia, was an important stopover on the ancient caravan route to Mecca. A magnificent 2nd-century Roman theatre, early Christian ruins and several mos...
Ancient City of Damascus
Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The...
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria
Some 40 villages grouped in eight parks situated in north-western Syria provide remarkable testimony to rural life in late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. Abandoned in the 8th to 10th centu...
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din
These two castles represent the most significant examples illustrating the exchange of influences and documenting the evolution of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusad...
Site of Palmyra
An oasis in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus, Palmyra contains the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. From the 1st to t...