Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2005
Size of heritage: 96 ha
- Buffer zone: 604 ha
Tels (prehistoric settlement mounds), are characteristic of the flatter lands of the eastern Mediterranean, particularly Lebanon, Syria, Israel and eastern Turkey. Of more than 200 tels in Israel, Megiddo, Hazor and Beer Sheba are representative of those that contain substantial remains of cities with biblical connections. The three tels also present some of the best examples in the Levant of elaborate Iron Age, underground water-collecting systems, created to serve dense urban communities. Their traces of construction over the millennia reflect the existence of centralized authority, prosperous agricultural activity and the control of important trade routes.
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The UNESCO World Heritage site of Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba is located in Israel, specifically at coordinates N32 35 49.992 E35 10 55.992. This site comprises three ancient cities that played significant roles in biblical history and are of immense archaeological importance. Megiddo, Hazor, and Beer Sheba are all biblical tells, which are mounds formed by the accumulation of layers of ancient settlements over time.
Megiddo, also known as Tel Megiddo, is one of the most extensively excavated sites in Israel. It was a strategic city in ancient times, guarding the main pass through the Carmel Ridge. Megiddo is mentioned in the Bible as the site of several important battles and is believed to have been inhabited continuously for over 5,000 years. The city was a significant center of power during the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, serving as a royal city for various rulers.
Hazor, or Tel Hazor, was the largest fortified city in ancient Canaan and is mentioned in the Bible as one of the cities conquered by Joshua. It was a prosperous city during the Bronze Age and Iron Age, with evidence of extensive trade networks. Hazor was destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout its history, and its ruins provide valuable insights into the urban planning and architecture of the time.
Beer Sheba, or Tel Beer Sheba, is located in the Negev Desert and was an important center for trade and agriculture in ancient times. It is mentioned in the Bible as a significant city in the territory of the tribe of Judah. The site contains the remains of a well-preserved water system, including a large underground reservoir, which highlights the ingenuity of ancient water management techniques.
The Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba site is a testament to the rich history and cultural heritage of the region. These archaeological sites have been meticulously excavated and preserved, allowing visitors to explore the ancient civilizations that once thrived there.
Megiddo offers a well-organized visitor center, providing information about the site's history and significance. Visitors can explore the remains of the ancient city, including its impressive fortifications, palaces, and water systems. The site also offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape, allowing visitors to appreciate the strategic importance of Megiddo.
Hazor, with its extensive ruins, provides a glimpse into the grandeur of an ancient Canaanite city. Visitors can explore the remains of the city's fortifications, temples, and palaces. The site also features a reconstructed Canaanite palace, offering a vivid representation of the city's past splendor.
Beer Sheba, located in the desert, showcases the resilience and resourcefulness of ancient civilizations. Visitors can explore the remains of the city's dwellings, streets, and water system. The site also offers a visitor center with informative displays about the history and archaeology of Beer Sheba.
Overall, the Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba site provides a unique opportunity to delve into the biblical past of Israel. These ancient cities offer a wealth of archaeological treasures and insights into the lives of the people who once inhabited them. The site stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of the region and its significance in shaping human history.
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Medium airport - 17 mi (27 km) Ben Ya'akov Airport
Medium airport - 35 mi (57 km) Sde Dov Airport
Medium airport - 41 mi (66 km) Ben Gurion International Airport
Large airport - 44 mi (71 km) Kiryat Shmona Airport
Small airport - 49 mi (80 km) Amman-Marka International Airport
Medium airport - 64 mi (104 km) King Hussein Air College
Small airport - 65 mi (105 km) Queen Alia International Airport
Large airport - 77 mi (124 km) Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport
Large airport - 86 mi (140 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Al Butayhah
- Al Hisn
- Al Khushniyah
- Al Mazar ash Shamali
- As Salt
- As Subayhi
- Ash Shajarah
- Ash Shunah ash Shamaliyah
- At Tayyibah
- Bent Jbail
- Dayr Abi Sa`id
- Dayr `Alla
- Kafr Asad
- Karney Shomron
- Samma ar Rawsan
- Tel Aviv
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- At Taybah
- El Baiyada
- El Murtafi`a
- El Musheirifa
- El Musheirifa el Fawqa
- El Musheirifa et Tahta
- El Musherifa
- Giv`at `Oz
- Kefar Barukh
- Midrakh `Oz
- Mishmar Ha`Emeq
- Nir Yafe
- Ramat Dawid
- `Ein Ibrahim
- `En HaShofet