Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1978
Size of heritage: 0.20 ha
- Buffer zone: 67 ha
Construction of this palatine chapel, with its octagonal basilica and cupola, began c. 790–800 under the Emperor Charlemagne. Originally inspired by the churches of the Eastern part of the Holy Roman Empire, it was splendidly enlarged in the Middle Ages.
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Aachen Cathedral: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Germany
Aachen Cathedral, located in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany, is a magnificent architectural masterpiece that has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1978. This historic cathedral holds immense cultural and historical significance, making it a must-visit destination for tourists and a place of worship for many.
The construction of Aachen Cathedral began in the late 8th century under the rule of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne desired to create a grand place of worship that would rival the great churches of Rome. The cathedral was completed in 805 AD and became the coronation site for German kings for over 600 years.
The architectural style of Aachen Cathedral is a unique blend of Carolingian, Gothic, and Byzantine influences. The Palatine Chapel, the oldest part of the cathedral, showcases the Carolingian style with its octagonal shape and intricate decorations. The Gothic choir, added in the 14th century, complements the original structure, creating a harmonious fusion of architectural styles.
Today, Aachen Cathedral stands as a symbol of European history and unity. Its stunning architecture and rich history attract visitors from all over the world. The cathedral underwent extensive restoration in the 19th and 20th centuries to preserve its original beauty and ensure its longevity.
One of the most remarkable features of Aachen Cathedral is the Palatine Chapel. Its interior is adorned with stunning mosaics, depicting biblical scenes and figures. The golden mosaics, created in the Byzantine style, are a testament to the wealth and power of Charlemagne's empire.
The cathedral also houses the Shrine of Charlemagne, which contains his remains. This shrine is a pilgrimage site for many, and visitors can pay their respects to one of Europe's most influential historical figures.
Another notable feature of Aachen Cathedral is the Treasury, which houses a vast collection of religious artifacts and relics. Visitors can marvel at the intricately crafted gold and silver objects, including the famous Bust of Charlemagne.
Aachen Cathedral continues to serve as a place of worship, hosting regular religious services and ceremonies. Its significance as a religious and cultural landmark is further enhanced by the fact that it was the first German site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
Visitors to Aachen Cathedral can explore its stunning architecture, immerse themselves in its rich history, and experience a sense of awe and reverence. The cathedral stands as a testament to the artistic and architectural achievements of the past and serves as a reminder of the enduring legacy of Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire.
In conclusion, Aachen Cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the fusion of architectural styles and the historical significance of the Holy Roman Empire. Its rich history, stunning mosaics, and religious artifacts make it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and architecture lovers alike.
Hotels and places to stay
Mercure Hotel Aachen am Dom
Boarding House Haus am Hühnerdieb
Minx - CityHotels
City Apartments Aachen
ibis Aachen Marschiertor (Aix la Chapelle)
Videos from the area
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Small airport - 6 mi (9 km) Geilenkirchen Airport
Medium airport - 13 mi (21 km) Maastricht Aachen Airport
Large airport - 17 mi (27 km) Norvenich Airport
Medium airport - 25 mi (41 km) Liège Airport
Large airport - 30 mi (48 km) Hasselt Airport
Small airport - 34 mi (55 km) Mönchengladbach Airport
Medium airport - 36 mi (59 km) Düsseldorf International Airport
Large airport - 46 mi (75 km) Cologne Bonn Airport
Large airport - 47 mi (76 km) Eindhoven Airport
Large airport - 56 mi (90 km) Niederrhein Airport
Medium airport - 57 mi (93 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Bingelberg Flog
- Busch Brand
- Frankenberger Viertel
- Im Grunenthal
- Rothe Erde