Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1992
Size of heritage: 52 ha
- Buffer zone: 1,073 ha
Situated on the banks of the Vltava river, the town was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements. It is an outstanding example of a small central European medieval town whose architectural heritage has remained intact thanks to its peaceful evolution over more than five centuries.
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Historic Centre of Český Krumlov: A Jewel of Czechia's South Bohemian Region
The Historic Centre of Český Krumlov, located in the picturesque South Bohemian Region of Czechia, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its exceptional architectural and cultural value. This enchanting town, nestled in a bend of the Vltava River, boasts a rich history dating back to the 13th century.
Český Krumlov's story began with the construction of a castle in the mid-13th century, which served as the seat of the powerful Rosenberg family. Over the centuries, the town flourished under various noble families, including the Eggenbergs and the Schwarzenbergs, who left an indelible mark on its architecture and cultural heritage.
The historic centre of Český Krumlov is a testament to the town's medieval past, with its well-preserved Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque buildings. The jewel in its crown is the Český Krumlov Castle, a sprawling complex that dominates the town's skyline. The castle, with its impressive tower and ornate facades, is a masterpiece of Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
Wandering through the narrow, winding streets of the historic centre, visitors are transported back in time. The town's medieval layout, with its charming squares and hidden courtyards, exudes a unique atmosphere. The buildings, adorned with colorful facades and intricate details, showcase the town's architectural diversity and artistic heritage.
One of the highlights of the historic centre is the St. Vitus Church, a magnificent Gothic structure that dates back to the 15th century. Its soaring spire and stunning interior, adorned with frescoes and intricate woodwork, are a testament to the town's religious significance throughout the centuries.
Today, the Historic Centre of Český Krumlov is not only a living museum but also a vibrant cultural hub. The town's rich heritage is celebrated through various festivals and events, including the popular Five-Petalled Rose Celebrations, which bring the medieval spirit to life with jousting tournaments, historical reenactments, and traditional crafts.
However, the site faces challenges in preserving its authenticity and integrity. The increasing number of tourists poses a threat to the delicate balance between conservation and sustainable tourism. Efforts are being made to manage visitor numbers and protect the town's unique character.
Despite these challenges, the Historic Centre of Český Krumlov remains a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and culture lovers alike. Its architectural splendor, rich history, and vibrant atmosphere make it a true gem of Czechia's South Bohemian Region. Whether strolling along the riverbanks, exploring the castle's grand halls, or simply getting lost in the town's enchanting streets, visitors are sure to be captivated by the timeless beauty of Český Krumlov.
Hotels and places to stay
Residence Muzeum Vltavinu
Latrán Český Krumlov
Pension Monastery Garden
U Malého Vítka
Ubytovani Zamecke Schody
Videos from the area
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Medium airport - 41 mi (66 km) Straubing Airport
Small airport - 82 mi (133 km) Ruzyně International Airport
Large airport - 89 mi (143 km) Salzburg Airport
Medium airport - 93 mi (150 km) Mariánské Lázně Airport
Small airport - 105 mi (169 km) Pardubice Airport
Medium airport - 105 mi (169 km) Vienna International Airport
Large airport - 114 mi (184 km) Karlovy Vary International Airport
Medium airport - 115 mi (185 km) Munich International Airport
Large airport - 120 mi (194 km) Graz Airport
Medium airport - 136 mi (220 km) Dresden Airport
Large airport - 162 mi (261 km) Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport
Large airport - 179 mi (289 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Alberndorf in der Riedmark
- Altenberg bei Linz
- Bad Leonfelden
- Ceske Budejovice
- Feldkirchen an der Donau
- Haibach im Muhlkreis
- Kirchschlag bei Linz
- Ottenschlag im Muhlkreis
- Reichenau im Muhlkreis
- Sankt Gotthard im Muhlkreis
- Sonnberg im Muehlkreis
- Zwettl an der Rodl
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.