Egypt
in Northern Africa
Africa

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Pound - EGP
Spoken languages:
Arabic, English, French
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
EG
Internet top level domain:
.eg
Country phone prefix:
+20
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Egypt in Northern Africa

Safety Score: 2,8 of 5.0 based on data from 6 authorites. Meaning we advice caution when travelling to Egypt.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Egypt. Last Update: 2018-12-18 07:19:02

Explore Egypt

Egypt with its capital Cairo is located in Africa (Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 1,001,451 square kilometers (more than eight times the size of Ohio) with a population of 97,041,100. Arabic, English and French are the languages spoken by people in Egypt (consider regional differences). Israel, Libya, Palestinian Territory and Sudan are bordering countries.

Egypt is in north-eastern Africa. Egypt is perhaps best known as the home of the ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphs, mummies, and pyramids. It is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations world-wide. Tourist attractions include Roman and Greek monuments, Bibliotheca Alexandria, Qa'edbay's Castle, and Qasr El Montaza (El Montaza Palace). Egypt can be a fantastic place to sample a unique range of food: not too spicy and well-flavoured with herbs. There is a full range of accommodation options, from basic backpacker hostels to five-star resorts. Egypt is a predominanty Muslim nation and alcoholic drinks are religiously forbidden (haram) - though not legally. Egypt is generally a safe and friendly country to travel. Egyptians on the whole are very friendly - if you are in need of assistance they will generally try to help you as much as they are able. Pickpocketing is a problem in Egypt's bigger cities, particularly Cairo. Many locals opt not to carry wallets at all, instead keeping their money in a clip in their pocket. Egypt is largely a desert, an extension of the great Sahara that bands North Africa. Save for the thin strip of watered land along the Nile River, very little could survive here.

Impressions from the Egyptian capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Egypt

Administrative regions of Egypt

About the country

The topography is vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta. The average density of population is about 97 per km². The climate in Egypt can be described as desert with hot, dry summers with moderate winters. Potential natural disasters are dust storms, flash floods, frequent earthquakes, hot, driving windstorms called khamsin occur in spring, landslides, periodic droughts and sandstorms.

To reach someone Egypt dial +20 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".eg". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Pound is EGP.

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white).

Flag of Egypt

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt as an important world transportation hub. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure. Inspired by the 2010 Tunisian revolution, Egyptian opposition groups led demonstrations and labor strikes countrywide, culminating in President Hosni MUBARAK's ouster in 2011. Egypt's military assumed national leadership until a new parliament was in place in early 2012; later that same year, Mohammed MORSI won the presidential election. Following often violent protests throughout the spring of 2013 against MORSI's government and the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian Armed Forces intervened and removed MORSI from power in July 2013 and replaced him with interim president Adly MANSOUR. In January 2014, voters approved a new constitution by referendum and in May 2014 elected Abdelfattah ELSISI president. Egypt elected a new legislature in December 2015, the first parliament since 2012.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 31) 1,001,450sq km
Land (World Rank: 30) 995,450sq km
Water (World Rank: 63) 6,000sq km
Comparative more than eight times the size of Ohio; slightly more than three times the size of New Mexico
Coastline
2450
Landborder
2612
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 69) -133m
Highest point (World Rank: 94) 2,629m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 213) 3.60%
Arable (World Rank: 172) 2.80%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 129) 0.80%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 17) 36,500sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - agricultural land being lost to urbanization and windblown sands
  • - and industrial effluents
  • - and marine habitats
  • - beaches
  • - desertification
  • - increasing soil salination below Aswan High Dam
  • - limited natural freshwater resources away from the Nile
  • - oil pollution threatening coral reefs
  • - other water pollution from agricultural pesticides
  • - rapid growth in population overstraining the Nile and natural resources
  • - raw sewage
  • - which is the only perennial water source
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards
  • - dust storms
  • - flash floods
  • - frequent earthquakes
  • - hot, driving windstorms called khamsin occur in spring
  • - landslides
  • - periodic droughts
  • - sandstorms
Location
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
Climate
desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
Terrain
vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 14) 97,041,100
Deathrate (World Rank: 202) 0.46%
Birthrate (World Rank: 38) 2.96%
Growthrate (World Rank: 22) 2.45%
Migration rate (World Rank: 92) -0.05%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 43) 3.47%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 162) 23.60
Female (World Rank: 162) 24.20
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 13) 16,720,300
0 14 female (World Rank: 13) 15,583,000
15 24 male (World Rank: 12) 9,464,260
15 24 female (World Rank: 12) 8,919,610
25 54 male (World Rank: 15) 18,545,400
25 54 female (World Rank: 15) 17,944,600
55 64 male (World Rank: 22) 2,861,140
55 64 female (World Rank: 24) 2,911,590
65 x male (World Rank: 26) 1,993,250
65 x female (World Rank: 28) 2,097,900
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 84) 1.90%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 139) 73years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 152) 74years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 122) 72years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 119) 0.81
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 171) 0.50
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 76) 94.70%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 18) 32.00%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 60) 99.40%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 22) 171,900,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 23) 150,400,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 56) 1,158,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 104) 43,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 63) 90.50%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 122) 7.30%
Source renew (World Rank: 113) 2.20%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 28) 494,300bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 31) 197,700bbl / day
Imports (World Rank: 52) 60,940bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 25) 4,400,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 34) 471,800bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 27) 802,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 55) 39,220bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 29) 206,100bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 54) 3,610,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 15) 77,930,000,000
Export (World Rank: 39) 720,000,000
Import (World Rank: 73) 0
Carbon footprint
207000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 114) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 65) 2% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 122) 6% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 191) -10% of GDP
National symbol
white lotus
National colours
white
Adjective
Egyptian
Noun
Egyptian(s)
Background
The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt as an important world transportation hub. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure. Inspired by the 2010 Tunisian revolution, Egyptian opposition groups led demonstrations and labor strikes countrywide, culminating in President Hosni MUBARAK's ouster in 2011. Egypt's military assumed national leadership until a new parliament was in place in early 2012; later that same year, Mohammed MORSI won the presidential election. Following often violent protests throughout the spring of 2013 against MORSI's government and the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian Armed Forces intervened and removed MORSI from power in July 2013 and replaced him with interim president Adly MANSOUR. In January 2014, voters approved a new constitution by referendum and in May 2014 elected Abdelfattah ELSISI president. Egypt elected a new legislature in December 2015, the first parliament since 2012.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced by a bright future (white)

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 22) 1,132,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 52) 4.30%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 118) 12,600USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 81) 11.90%
Source industry (World Rank: 59) 32.90%
Source service (World Rank: 151) 55.20%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 22) 28,900,000
In poverty (World Rank: 78) 25.20%
Products
Industries
  • - cement
  • - chemicals
  • - construction
  • - food processing
  • - hydrocarbons
  • - light manufactures
  • - metals
  • - pharmaceuticals
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - beans
  • - cattle
  • - corn
  • - cotton
  • - fruits
  • - goats
  • - rice
  • - sheep
  • - vegetables
  • - water buffalo
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - chemicals
  • - cotton
  • - crude oil
  • - fruits
  • - metal products
  • - petroleum products
  • - processed food
  • - textiles
  • - vegetables
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - equipment
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - wood products

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 26) 6,118,250
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 149) 6.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 130) 103.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 19) 37,122,500
Population (World Rank: 141) 39.20%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 32) 72.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 129) 11.00
Heliports (World Rank: 29) 7.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 38) 5,085
Road
Total length (World Rank: 39) 137,430
Paved length (World Rank: 25) 126,742
Unpaved length (World Rank: 82) 10,688
Water
Total length (World Rank: 30) 3,500