Libya
in Northern Africa
Africa

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dinar - LYD
Spoken languages:
Arabic, Italian, English
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, L)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
LY
Internet top level domain:
.ly
Country phone prefix:
+218
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours
Current travel safety evaluation for Libya in Northern Africa

Safety Score: 5,0 of 5.0 based on data from 9 authorites. Meaning it is not safe to travel Libya.

Travel warnings are updated daily. Source: Travel Warning Libya. Last Update: 2019-08-24 07:22:33

Explore Libya

Libya with its capital Tripoli is located in Africa (Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea). It covers some 1,759,541 square kilometers (about 2.5 times the size of Texas) with a population of 6,653,210. Arabic, Italian and English are the languages spoken by people in Libya (consider regional differences). Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Niger, Sudan and Tunisia are bordering countries.

Libya is a country in North Africa. In the north it has a Mediterranean Sea coast, with Egypt to the east and Tunisia to the west. More than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert.

Popular Destinations in Libya

Administrative regions of Libya

About the country

The topography is mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions. The average density of population is about 4 per km². The climate in Libya can be described as Mediterranean along coast with dry, extreme desert interior. Potential natural disasters are dust storms, sandstorms hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall

To reach someone Libya dial +218 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ly". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, L). The sign for the locally used currency Dinar is LYD.

Three horizontal bands of red (top), black (double width), and green with a white crescent and star centered on the black stripe; the National Transitional Council reintroduced this flag design of the former Kingdom of Libya (1951-1969) on 27 February 2011; it replaced the former all-green banner promulgated by the QADHAFI regime in 1977; the colors represent the three major regions of the country: red stands for Fezzan, black symbolizes Cyrenaica, and green denotes Tripolitania; the crescent and star represent Islam, the main religion of the country.

Flag of Libya

The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when they were defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar al-QADHAFI assumed leadership and began to espouse his political system at home, which was a combination of socialism and Islam. During the 1970s, QADHAFI used oil revenues to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversive and terrorist activities that included the downing of two airliners - one over Scotland, another in Northern Africa - and a discotheque bombing in Berlin. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically and economically following the attacks; sanctions were lifted in 2003 following Libyan acceptance of responsibility for the bombings and agreement to claimant compensation. QADHAFI also agreed to end Libya's program to develop weapons of mass destruction, and he made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations. Unrest that began in several Middle Eastern and North African countries in late 2010 erupted in Libyan cities in early 2011. QADHAFI's brutal crackdown on protesters spawned a civil war that triggered UN authorization of air and naval intervention by the international community. After months of seesaw fighting between government and opposition forces, the QADHAFI regime was toppled in mid-2011 and replaced by a transitional government known as the National Transitional Council (NTC). In 2012, the NTC handed power to an elected parliament, the General National Congress (GNC). Voters chose a new parliament to replace the GNC in June 2014 - the House of Representatives (HoR), which relocated to the eastern city of Tobruk after fighting broke out in Tripoli. In October 2015, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) to Libya, Bernardino LEON, brokered an agreement among a broad array of Libyan political parties and social groups - known as the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA). Members of the Libyan Political Dialogue, including representatives of the HoR and ex-GNC, signed the LPA in December 2015. The LPA called for the formation of an interim Government of National Accord or GNA, with a nine-member Presidency Council, the HoR, and an advisory High Council of State that most ex-GNC members joined. The LPA’s roadmap for a two-year transition to a new constitution and elected government was subsequently endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2259, which also called upon member states to cease official contact with parallel institutions. In January 2016, the HoR voted to approve the LPA, including the Presidency Council, while voting against a controversial provision on security leadership positions. In March 2016, the GNA Presidency Council seated itself in Tripoli. In 2016, the GNA twice announced a slate of ministers who operate de facto, but the HoR did not endorse the ministerial list. HoR and ex-GNC-affiliated hardliners continued to oppose the GNA and hampered the LPA’s implementation.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 18) 1,759,540sq km
Land (World Rank: 17) 1,759,540sq km
Forest (World Rank: 142) 7.60%
Comparative about 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly larger than Alaska
Coastline
1770
Landborder
4339
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 60) -47m
Highest point (World Rank: 113) 2,267m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 196) 8.80%
Arable (World Rank: 197) 1.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 172) 0.20%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 142) 7.60%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 57) 4,700sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - brings water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities
  • - desertification
  • - limited natural freshwater resources
  • - the Great Manmade River Project
  • - the largest water development scheme in the world
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
Agreement signed Law of the Sea
Hazzards
  • - dust storms, sandstorms
  • - hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall
Location
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria
Climate
Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
Terrain
mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 106) 6,653,210
Deathrate (World Rank: 212) 0.36%
Birthrate (World Rank: 105) 1.75%
Growthrate (World Rank: 68) 1.58%
Migration rate (World Rank: 47) 0.19%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 111) 2.04%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 119) 29.10
Female (World Rank: 129) 28.70
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 101) 879,311
0 14 female (World Rank: 101) 839,824
15 24 male (World Rank: 98) 584,117
15 24 female (World Rank: 101) 552,680
25 54 male (World Rank: 97) 1,651,360
25 54 female (World Rank: 101) 1,494,110
55 64 male (World Rank: 122) 185,679
55 64 female (World Rank: 127) 179,224
65 x male (World Rank: 119) 141,867
65 x female (World Rank: 131) 145,040
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 127) 1.08%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 83) 77years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 99) 79years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 70) 75years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 71) 2.09
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 58) 3.70
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 60) 96.60%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 16) 32.50%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 198) 54.40%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 61) 35,450,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 103) 8,131,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 98) 88,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 25) 99.90%
Source renew (World Rank: 163) 0.10%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 29) 384,700bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 24) 383,500bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 9) 48,360,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 68) 102,100bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 48) 262,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 71) 16,450bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 36) 169,400bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 39) 11,600,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 60) 7,550,000,000
Export (World Rank: 27) 7,110,000,000
Carbon footprint
57000000

Nation

Budget
Health (World Rank: 141) 5% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 212) -52% of GDP
National symbol
star and crescent
National colours
red
Adjective
Libyan
Noun
Libyan(s)
Background
The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when they were defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar al-QADHAFI assumed leadership and began to espouse his political system at home, which was a combination of socialism and Islam. During the 1970s, QADHAFI used oil revenues to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversive and terrorist activities that included the downing of two airliners - one over Scotland, another in Northern Africa - and a discotheque bombing in Berlin. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically and economically following the attacks; sanctions were lifted in 2003 following Libyan acceptance of responsibility for the bombings and agreement to claimant compensation. QADHAFI also agreed to end Libya's program to develop weapons of mass destruction, and he made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations. Unrest that began in several Middle Eastern and North African countries in late 2010 erupted in Libyan cities in early 2011. QADHAFI's brutal crackdown on protesters spawned a civil war that triggered UN authorization of air and naval intervention by the international community. After months of seesaw fighting between government and opposition forces, the QADHAFI regime was toppled in mid-2011 and replaced by a transitional government known as the National Transitional Council (NTC). In 2012, the NTC handed power to an elected parliament, the General National Congress (GNC). Voters chose a new parliament to replace the GNC in June 2014 - the House of Representatives (HoR), which relocated to the eastern city of Tobruk after fighting broke out in Tripoli. In October 2015, the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) to Libya, Bernardino LEON, brokered an agreement among a broad array of Libyan political parties and social groups - known as the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA). Members of the Libyan Political Dialogue, including representatives of the HoR and ex-GNC, signed the LPA in December 2015. The LPA called for the formation of an interim Government of National Accord or GNA, with a nine-member Presidency Council, the HoR, and an advisory High Council of State that most ex-GNC members joined. The LPA’s roadmap for a two-year transition to a new constitution and elected government was subsequently endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2259, which also called upon member states to cease official contact with parallel institutions. In January 2016, the HoR voted to approve the LPA, including the Presidency Council, while voting against a controversial provision on security leadership positions. In March 2016, the GNA Presidency Council seated itself in Tripoli. In 2016, the GNA twice announced a slate of ministers who operate de facto, but the HoR did not endorse the ministerial list. HoR and ex-GNC-affiliated hardliners continued to oppose the GNA and hampered the LPA’s implementation.
Flag description
three horizontal bands of red (top), black (double width), and green with a white crescent and star centered on the black stripe; the National Transitional Council reintroduced this flag design of the former Kingdom of Libya (1951-1969) on 27 February 2011; it replaced the former all-green banner promulgated by the QADHAFI regime in 1977; the colors represent the three major regions of the country: red stands for Fezzan, black symbolizes Cyrenaica, and green denotes Tripolitania; the crescent and star represent Islam, the main religion of the country

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 113) 40,020,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 205) -3.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 159) 6,300USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 181) 1.70%
Source industry (World Rank: 32) 38.20%
Source service (World Rank: 124) 60.10%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 140) 1,155,000
Products
Industries
  • - aluminum
  • - cement
  • - food processing
  • - handicrafts
  • - iron
  • - petrochemicals
  • - petroleum
  • - steel
  • - textiles
Agriculture
  • - barley
  • - cattle
  • - citrus
  • - dates
  • - olives
  • - peanuts
  • - soybeans
  • - vegetables
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - chemicals
  • - crude oil
  • - natural gas
  • - refined petroleum products
Imports
  • - consumer products
  • - food
  • - machinery
  • - semi-finished goods
  • - transport equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 66) 1,374,410
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 82) 21.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 84) 117.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 124) 1,326,190
Population (World Rank: 186) 20.30%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 35) 68.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 46) 78.00
Heliports (World Rank: 62) 2.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 46) 100,024
Paved length (World Rank: 45) 57,214
Unpaved length (World Rank: 38) 42,810