Angola
in Middle Africa
Africa

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Kwanza - AOA
Spoken languages:
Portuguese
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
AO
Internet top level domain:
.ao
Country phone prefix:
+244
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Angola

Angola with its capital Luanda is located in Africa (Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 1,246,701 square kilometers (about eight times the size of Georgia) with a population of 29,310,300. Portuguese is the language spoken by people in Angola. Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Republic of the Congo and Zambia are bordering countries.

Angola is a country in Central Africa. Mussulo Island is a beautiful extension of land situated in the south of Luanda (the capital). It is famous for its natural beauty. Angolan cuisine is varied and tasty, with local dishes based mainly on fish, cassava products and spicy stews. Angolan seafood is abundant and very good, and the Angolan coast is a special place to eat fresh lobster right off the fisherman's boat. Traveling in Angola requires a minimum of knowledge of the Portuguese language. Also, due to the fact that lots of people migrate from neighbouring countries to Angola, it is sometimes possible to use French and Afrikaans. The official currency of Angola is the kwanza (AOA). It is prohibited to import or export any sum of kwanza, and attempting to do so will result in confiscation of the currency and penalties levied.

Popular Destinations in Angola

Administrative regions of Angola

About the country

Website: Angola Tourism

The terrain is narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau. The average density of population is about 24 per km². The climate in Angola can be described as semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda with north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April). Possible natural disasters include locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau.

To reach someone Angola dial +244 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ao". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C). The sign for the locally used currency Kwanza is AOA.

Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a 5-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty; black the African continent; the symbols characterize workers and peasants.

Flag of Angola

Angola scores low on human development indexes despite using its large oil reserves to rebuild since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010 and was elected to a five year term as president in 2012.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 24) 1,246,700sq km
Land (World Rank: 23) 1,246,700sq km
Forest (World Rank: 29) 43.30%
Comparative about eight times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Coastline
1600
Landborder
5369
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 95) 2,620m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 74) 47.30%
Arable (World Rank: 160) 3.80%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 168) 0.20%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 29) 43.30%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 106) 860sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - deforestation of tropical rain forest
  • - desertification
  • - in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel
  • - inadequate supplies of potable water
  • - overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures
  • - resulting in loss of biodiversity
  • - soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
Hazzards locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau
Location
Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Climate
semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)
Terrain
narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 46) 29,310,300
Deathrate (World Rank: 63) 0.92%
Birthrate (World Rank: 2) 4.42%
Growthrate (World Rank: 3) 3.52%
Migration rate (World Rank: 67) 0.02%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 2) 6.16%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 223) 15.40
Female (World Rank: 223) 16.30
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 27) 7,005,890
0 14 female (World Rank: 26) 7,097,390
15 24 male (World Rank: 45) 2,593,360
15 24 female (World Rank: 41) 2,756,370
25 54 male (World Rank: 56) 3,921,050
25 54 female (World Rank: 54) 4,293,310
55 64 male (World Rank: 77) 438,268
55 64 female (World Rank: 74) 517,690
65 x male (World Rank: 88) 290,247
65 x female (World Rank: 87) 396,710
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 12) 6.76%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 202) 60years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 202) 62years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 202) 58years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 157) 0.14
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 158) 51.60%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 153) 8.20%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 203) 49.00%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 104) 9,438,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 99) 8,338,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 157) 45.20%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 35) 54.00%
Source renew (World Rank: 138) 0.90%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 14) 1,770,000bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 8) 1,700,000bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 18) 8,273,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 82) 46,680bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 70) 142,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 66) 23,980bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 53) 118,000bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 68) 773,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 96) 1,094,000,000
Export (World Rank: 42) 500,000,000
Carbon footprint
33000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 122) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 31) 3% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 180) 3% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 165) -6% of GDP
National symbol
Palanca Negra Gigante
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Angolan
Noun
Angolan(s)
Background
Angola scores low on human development indexes despite using its large oil reserves to rebuild since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010 and was elected to a five year term as president in 2012.
Flag description
two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a 5-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle); red represents liberty; black the African continent; the symbols characterize workers and peasants

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 64) 186,000,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 189) -0.70%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 154) 6,800USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 87) 10.20%
Source industry (World Rank: 1) 61.40%
Source service (World Rank: 220) 28.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 47) 12,100,000
In poverty (World Rank: 37) 40.50%
Products
Industries
  • - basic metal products
  • - bauxite
  • - brewing
  • - cement
  • - diamonds
  • - feldspar
  • - fish processing
  • - food processing
  • - gold
  • - iron ore
  • - petroleum
  • - phosphates
  • - ship repair
  • - sugar
  • - textiles
  • - tobacco products
  • - uranium
Agriculture
  • - bananas
  • - cassava
  • - coffee
  • - corn
  • - cotton
  • - fish
  • - forest products
  • - livestock
  • - manioc
  • - plantains
  • - sisal
  • - sugarcane
  • - tapioca
  • - tobacco
  • - vegetables
Exports
  • - coffee
  • - cotton
  • - crude oil
  • - diamonds
  • - fish
  • - fish products
  • - refined petroleum products
  • - sisal
  • - timber
Imports
  • - electrical equipment
  • - food
  • - machinery
  • - medicines
  • - military goods
  • - spare parts
  • - textiles
  • - vehicles

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 113) 304,493
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 172) 2.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 190) 64.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 102) 2,622,400
Population (World Rank: 200) 13.00%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 59) 31.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 26) 145.00
Heliports (World Rank: 76) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 63) 2,852
Road
Total length (World Rank: 77) 51,429
Paved length (World Rank: 99) 5,349
Unpaved length (World Rank: 36) 46,080
Water
Total length (World Rank: 57) 1,300