Kenya
in Eastern Africa
Africa

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Shilling - KES
Spoken languages:
English, Swahili
Local electricity:
240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
KE
Internet top level domain:
.ke
Country phone prefix:
+254
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Kenya

Kenya with its capital Nairobi is located in Africa (Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean). It covers some 580,368 square kilometers (five times the size of Ohio) with a population of 47,615,700. English and Swahili are the languages spoken by people in Kenya. Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda are bordering countries.

Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa. Its Indian Ocean coast lies between Somalia to the north east and Tanzania to the south. Watch a wildlife migration.Go for a game drive in many parks and reserves found in the country. If you are on a tight schedule take a game drive in the Nairobi National Park found less than 20 minutes drive from the Cental Business District. Major attractions, big cats including lions and leopards, buffallos, a variety of antelop species, baboons, monkeys amongs others.

Impressions from the Kenyan capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Kenya

Administrative regions of Kenya

About the country

Website: Kenya Tourism

Kenya tourist Board
Kenya Re Towers, Ragati Road, Upper Hill
P.O. Box 30630 Nairobi
Kenya

Phone: +254 2 724042
Fax: +254 2 724169
Mail: info@kenyatourism.org

The topography is low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley with fertile plateau in west. The average density of population is about 82 per km². The climate in Kenya can be described as varying from tropical along coast to arid in interior. Potential natural disasters are flooding during rainy seasons, limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano and recurring drought.

To reach someone Kenya dial +254 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".ke". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 240 V - 50 Hz (plugs: G). The sign for the locally used currency Shilling is KES.

Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large Maasai warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center; black symbolizes the majority population, red the blood shed in the struggle for freedom, green stands for natural wealth, and white for peace; the shield and crossed spears symbolize the defense of freedom.

Flag of Kenya

Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when Vice President Daniel MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred in March 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA won the election and was sworn into office in April 2013.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 49) 580,367sq km
Land (World Rank: 46) 569,140sq km
Water (World Rank: 43) 11,227sq km
Forest (World Rank: 42) 37.40%
Comparative five times the size of Ohio; slightly more than twice the size of Nevada
Coastline
536
Landborder
3457
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 23) 5,199m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 72) 48.10%
Arable (World Rank: 115) 9.80%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 125) 0.90%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 42) 37.40%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 91) 1,030sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - deforestation
  • - degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers
  • - desertification
  • - poaching
  • - soil erosion
  • - water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria
  • - water pollution from urban and industrial wastes
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Marine Life Conservation
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards
  • - flooding during rainy seasons
  • - limited volcanic activity; the Barrier (1,032 m) last erupted in 1921; South Island is the only other historically active volcano
  • - recurring drought
Location
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Climate
varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Terrain
low plains rise to central highlands bisected by Great Rift Valley; fertile plateau in west

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 30) 47,615,700
Deathrate (World Rank: 139) 0.67%
Birthrate (World Rank: 58) 2.39%
Growthrate (World Rank: 63) 1.69%
Migration rate (World Rank: 77) -0.02%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 55) 2.98%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 188) 19.60
Female (World Rank: 195) 19.90
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 19) 9,557,270
0 14 female (World Rank: 20) 9,497,870
15 24 male (World Rank: 23) 4,552,450
15 24 female (World Rank: 23) 4,567,890
25 54 male (World Rank: 33) 8,170,260
25 54 female (World Rank: 34) 7,976,750
55 64 male (World Rank: 47) 856,092
55 64 female (World Rank: 48) 1,009,080
65 x male (World Rank: 58) 614,751
65 x female (World Rank: 59) 813,320
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 49) 3.71%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 183) 64years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 187) 66years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 176) 63years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 147) 0.20
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 130) 1.40
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 180) 30.10%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 161) 7.10%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 184) 63.20%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 103) 9,548,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 104) 7,666,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 88) 45,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 100) 67,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 182) 31.90%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 55) 35.60%
Source renew (World Rank: 2) 53.60%
Crude oil
Imports (World Rank: 72) 11,870bbl / day
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 96) 14,320bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 82) 93,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 112) 345bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 65) 76,090bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 153) 11
Carbon footprint
13000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 55) 5% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 89) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 116) 6% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 178) -7% of GDP
National symbol
lion
National colours
white
Adjective
Kenyan
Noun
Kenyan(s)
Background
Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when Vice President Daniel MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred in March 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA won the election and was sworn into office in April 2013.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a large Maasai warrior's shield covering crossed spears is superimposed at the center; black symbolizes the majority population, red the blood shed in the struggle for freedom, green stands for natural wealth, and white for peace; the shield and crossed spears symbolize the defense of freedom

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 74) 152,900,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 31) 5.80%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 185) 3,400USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 14) 35.60%
Source industry (World Rank: 168) 17.20%
Source service (World Rank: 185) 47.30%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 32) 19,140,000
In poverty (World Rank: 34) 43.40%
Products
Industries
  • - agricultural products
  • - aluminum
  • - batteries
  • - cement
  • - cigarettes
  • - clothing
  • - commercial ship repair
  • - flour
  • - furniture
  • - horticulture
  • - lead
  • - oil refining
  • - plastic
  • - small-scale consumer goods
  • - soap
  • - steel
  • - textiles
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - beef
  • - coffee
  • - corn
  • - dairy products
  • - eggs
  • - fish
  • - fruit
  • - pork
  • - poultry
  • - sugarcane
  • - tea
  • - vegetables
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - cement
  • - coffee
  • - fish
  • - horticultural products
  • - petroleum products
  • - tea
Imports
  • - iron
  • - machinery
  • - motor vehicles
  • - petroleum products
  • - plastics
  • - resins
  • - steel
  • - transportation equipment

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 148) 72,801
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 195) 1.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 159) 83.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 44) 12,165,600
Population (World Rank: 165) 26.00%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 91) 16.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 19) 181.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 50) 3,806
Road
Total length (World Rank: 32) 161,452
Paved length (World Rank: 68) 14,420
Unpaved length (World Rank: 17) 147,032