Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Zeche und Kokerei Zollverein (german only)
UNESCO Commission of Germany
Zeche Zollverein XII, Essen (german only)
Zeche Zollverein - gestern, heute, morgen (german only)
Kokerei Zollverein (german only)
Die Industriedenkmal Stiftung (german only0
Unesco World heritage since: 2001
Size of heritage:
The Zollverein industrial complex in Land Nordrhein-Westfalen consists of the complete infrastructure of a historical coal-mining site, with some 20th-century buildings of outstanding architectural merit. It constitutes remarkable material evidence of the evolution and decline of an essential industry over the past 150 years.
Location on Map
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The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen, Germany
The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex, located in Essen, Germany, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that stands as a testament to the region's industrial heritage. Situated in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen), this complex played a pivotal role in the development of the coal and steel industries in Europe.
The Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex dates back to the late 19th century when coal mining became a significant economic activity in the Ruhr region. The complex was designed by architects Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer and was built between 1927 and 1932. It quickly became one of the most modern and efficient coal mines in the world, employing thousands of workers.
During World War II, the complex suffered severe damage due to bombings, but it was rebuilt and continued its operations until 1986. The closure of the mine marked the end of an era for the coal industry in the region, as it transitioned towards other economic sectors.
Today, the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex stands as a remarkable example of industrial architecture and is a popular tourist destination. The site has been carefully preserved and restored, allowing visitors to experience the history and significance of the coal mining industry.
The complex consists of several buildings, including the iconic coal washing plant, coking plant, and shafts. These structures showcase the innovative design and engineering techniques employed during the industrial revolution. The coal washing plant, in particular, is an architectural masterpiece, with its imposing steel framework and large glass facades.
Visitors can explore the complex through guided tours, which provide insights into the mining process, the working conditions of the miners, and the impact of the coal industry on the region. The exhibitions within the complex feature interactive displays, photographs, and artifacts that bring the history to life.
In addition to its historical significance, the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex has also become a hub for cultural activities. The former coal washing plant has been transformed into the Red Dot Design Museum, showcasing contemporary design and innovation. The complex also hosts art exhibitions, concerts, and events, attracting visitors from around the world.
The UNESCO World Heritage designation has played a crucial role in preserving and promoting the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex. It has become a symbol of the region's industrial heritage and a reminder of the transformative power of coal mining in shaping the modern world.
In conclusion, the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen, Germany, is a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the history and significance of the coal mining industry. Its well-preserved buildings and exhibitions provide visitors with a unique opportunity to delve into the past and appreciate the architectural and technological achievements of the industrial revolution.
Hotels and places to stay
Petul Apart Hotel Ernestine
Petul Hotel "An der Zeche"
Petul Apart Hotel "Residenz"
Petul Apart Hotel City Garden
Petul Apart Hotel City
Astoria Komfort im Astoria Cityresort
Goalfever (TM) auf Fritz
Videos from the area
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Small airport - 8 mi (13 km) Düsseldorf International Airport
Large airport - 18 mi (30 km) Dortmund Airport
Large airport - 24 mi (40 km) Mönchengladbach Airport
Medium airport - 30 mi (48 km) Cologne Bonn Airport
Large airport - 43 mi (70 km) Norvenich Airport
Medium airport - 49 mi (79 km) Münster Osnabrück Airport
Large airport - 52 mi (84 km) Twenthe Airport
Medium airport - 54 mi (88 km) Rheine Bentlage Airport
Medium airport - 57 mi (92 km) Maastricht Aachen Airport
Large airport - 68 mi (110 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Bergisch Gladbach
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Oben im Eiberg
- Resser Mark