Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1992
Size of heritage: 0.85 ha
- Buffer zone: 105 ha
The Cathedral of St Etienne of Bourges, built between the late 12th and late 13th centuries, is one of the great masterpieces of Gothic art and is admired for its proportions and the unity of its design. The tympanum, sculptures and stained-glass windows are particularly striking. Apart from the beauty of the architecture, it attests to the power of Christianity in medieval France.
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Bourges Cathedral, located in the Department of Cher in the Centre Region of France, is a magnificent UNESCO World Heritage site. This medieval masterpiece stands as a testament to the architectural and artistic achievements of its time. With its rich history and stunning design, Bourges Cathedral continues to captivate visitors from around the world.
Bourges Cathedral, also known as Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges, was constructed between the late 12th and early 13th centuries. The cathedral was built on the site of a former Carolingian cathedral, which had been destroyed by fire. The construction of the new cathedral was commissioned by Archbishop Henri de Sully, who aimed to create a grand place of worship that would rival the great cathedrals of Paris and Chartres.
The construction of Bourges Cathedral was a monumental undertaking, employing the finest craftsmen and artisans of the time. The cathedral's design is a stunning example of Gothic architecture, characterized by its pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses. The intricate details and delicate sculptures adorning the exterior and interior of the cathedral showcase the skill and creativity of the craftsmen involved.
Today, Bourges Cathedral stands as one of the most well-preserved Gothic cathedrals in France. Its imposing façade, adorned with intricate sculptures and beautiful stained glass windows, continues to inspire awe in visitors. The cathedral's interior is equally breathtaking, with its soaring nave, elegant columns, and stunning rose windows.
One of the highlights of Bourges Cathedral is its collection of stained glass windows. These windows, dating back to the 13th century, depict biblical scenes and saints in vibrant colors. The windows are considered masterpieces of medieval stained glass art and are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the artists who created them.
The cathedral also houses a number of important relics and artworks. The most notable of these is the tomb of Duke Jean de Berry, a lavish masterpiece of medieval funerary art. The tomb is adorned with intricate sculptures and depicts the duke in a regal pose, surrounded by mourners.
In addition to its architectural and artistic significance, Bourges Cathedral also plays an important role in the religious life of the community. Regular religious services and ceremonies are held within its walls, attracting both locals and tourists alike.
Bourges Cathedral is a true gem of Gothic architecture and a UNESCO World Heritage site of immense cultural and historical value. Its rich history, stunning design, and impressive collection of stained glass windows and artworks make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in medieval art and architecture. Whether you are a history enthusiast, an art lover, or a religious pilgrim, Bourges Cathedral offers a truly unforgettable experience.
Hotels and places to stay
Hôtel de Panette
BW PLUS HOTEL D ANGLETERRE
Hôtel de Bourbon Mercure Bourges
Hôtel Villa C
Le Berry INTER-HOTEL
Hôtel Saint Jean
P’tit Dej-HOTEL Bourges Arcane
Hotel Inn Design Bourges
Videos from the area
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Medium airport - 2 mi (4 km) Nevers-Fourchambault Airport
Medium airport - 34 mi (55 km) Châteauroux-Déols 'Marcel Dassault' Airport
Medium airport - 35 mi (57 km) Montluçon-Domérat Airport
Small airport - 51 mi (83 km) Montluçon-Guéret Airport
Medium airport - 59 mi (96 km) Guéret St Laurent Airport
Small airport - 66 mi (106 km) Blois-Le Breuil Airport
Medium airport - 69 mi (112 km) Auxerre-Branches Airport
Medium airport - 74 mi (119 km) Tours-Val-de-Loire Airport
Large airport - 82 mi (132 km) Paris-Orly Airport
Large airport - 114 mi (183 km) Charles de Gaulle International Airport
Large airport - 134 mi (215 km) Brive-La Roche Airport
Large airport - 141 mi (227 km) Toulouse-Blagnac Airport
Large airport - 244 mi (393 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- La Chatre
- Le Blanc
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- La Breuille
- La Chapelle-Saint-Ursin
- Le Tronc
- Les Clous
- Les Patureaux
- Les Rivages
- Pisse Vieille
- Pont de Moulon