Marshall Islands
in Micronesia
Oceania

National active POI
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - USD
Spoken languages:
Marshallese, English
Local electricity:
120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz
ISO 2-Letter code:
MH
Internet top level domain:
.mh
Country phone prefix:
+692
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands with its capital Majuro is located in Oceania (Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls). It covers some 182 square kilometers (about the size of Washington, DC) with 74,539 citizens. Marshallese and English are the common languages used in Marshall Islands. Thiscountry has no land-based border with any other country.

The Marshall Islands are a group of atolls and reefs in the Pacific Ocean, about half-way between Hawaii and Australia. The Marshall Islands consist of two island chains of 30 atolls and 1,152 islands, of low coral limestone and sand. Bikini and Enewetak are former US nuclear test sites; Kwajalein, the famous World War II battleground, is now used as a US missile test range.

Impressions from the Marshallese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Marshall Islands

Administrative regions of Marshall Islands

About the country

Website: Marshall Islands Tourism

P.O. Box 5
Majuro 96960
Marshall Islands

Phone: +692 625 6482
Fax: +692 625 6771
Mail: tourism@ntamar.com

The topography is low coral limestone and sand islands. The average density of population is about 412 per km². The climate in Marshall Islands can be described as tropicalhot and humid, wet season May to November, islands border typhoon belt. Potential natural disasters are infrequent typhoons.

To reach someone Marshall Islands dial +692 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mh". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 120 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is USD.

Blue with two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; a white star with four large rays and 20 small rays appears on the hoist side above the two stripes; blue represents the Pacific Ocean, the orange stripe signifies the Ralik Chain or sunset and courage, while the white stripe signifies the Ratak Chain or sunrise and peace; the star symbolizes the cross of Christianity, each of the 24 rays designates one of the electoral districts in the country and the four larger rays highlight the principal cultural centers of Majuro, Jaluit, Wotje, and Ebeye; the rising diagonal band can also be interpreted as representing the equator, with the star showing the archipelago's position just to the north.

Flag of Marshall Islands

After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network. Kwajalein also hosts one of four dedicated ground antennas (the others are on Ascension (Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha), Diego Garcia (British Indian Ocean Territory), and at Cape Canaveral, Florida (US)) that assist in the operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation system.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 214) 181sq km
Land (World Rank: 211) 181sq km
Forest (World Rank: 121) 11.70%
Comparative about the size of Washington, DC
Note the archipelago includes 11,673 sq km of lagoon waters and encompasses the atolls of Bikini, Enewetak, Kwajalein, Majuro, Rongelap, and Utirik
Coastline
370.4
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 230) 14m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 69) 50.70%
Arable (World Rank: 130) 7.80%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 6) 31.20%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 121) 11.70%
Map reference
Oceania
Environment
Issues
  • - inadequate supplies of potable water
  • - pollution of Majuro lagoon from household waste and discharges from fishing vessels
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
  • - Whaling
Hazzards infrequent typhoons
Location
Oceania, two archipelagic island chains of 29 atolls, each made up of many small islets, and five single islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia
Climate
tropical; hot and humid; wet season May to November; islands border typhoon belt
Terrain
low coral limestone and sand islands

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 199) 74,539
Deathrate (World Rank: 206) 0.42%
Birthrate (World Rank: 50) 2.44%
Growthrate (World Rank: 73) 1.55%
Migration rate (World Rank: 154) -0.47%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 52) 3.03%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 168) 22.80
Female (World Rank: 172) 23.00
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 191) 13,261
0 14 female (World Rank: 191) 12,743
15 24 male (World Rank: 195) 6,820
15 24 female (World Rank: 195) 6,594
25 54 male (World Rank: 200) 14,147
25 54 female (World Rank: 202) 13,642
55 64 male (World Rank: 209) 2,189
55 64 female (World Rank: 211) 2,148
65 x male (World Rank: 212) 1,475
65 x female (World Rank: 212) 1,520
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 83) 1.93%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 133) 73years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 136) 76years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 128) 71years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 130) 0.46
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 83) 2.70
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 129) 76.90%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 3) 52.90%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 114) 94.60%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 161) 620,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 170) 576,600,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 88) 80.80%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 87) 19.20%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 192) 2,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 186) 2,060bbl / day
Carbon footprint
300000

Nation

Budget
Health (World Rank: 2) 17% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 16) 2% of GDP
National symbol
a 24-rayed star
National colours
white
Adjective
Marshallese
Noun
Marshallese (singular and plural)
Background
After almost four decades under US administration as the easternmost part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands attained independence in 1986 under a Compact of Free Association. Compensation claims continue as a result of US nuclear testing on some of the atolls between 1947 and 1962. The Marshall Islands hosts the US Army Kwajalein Atoll Reagan Missile Test Site, a key installation in the US missile defense network. Kwajalein also hosts one of four dedicated ground antennas (the others are on Ascension (Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha), Diego Garcia (British Indian Ocean Territory), and at Cape Canaveral, Florida (US)) that assist in the operation of the Global Positioning System (GPS) navigation system.
Flag description
blue with two stripes radiating from the lower hoist-side corner - orange (top) and white; a white star with four large rays and 20 small rays appears on the hoist side above the two stripes; blue represents the Pacific Ocean, the orange stripe signifies the Ralik Chain or sunset and courage, while the white stripe signifies the Ratak Chain or sunrise and peace; the star symbolizes the cross of Christianity, each of the 24 rays designates one of the electoral districts in the country and the four larger rays highlight the principal cultural centers of Majuro, Jaluit, Wotje, and Ebeye; the rising diagonal band can also be interpreted as representing the equator, with the star showing the archipelago's position just to the north

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 219) 182,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 134) 2.00%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 183) 3,400USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 133) 4.40%
Source industry (World Rank: 204) 9.90%
Source service (World Rank: 18) 85.70%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 214) 10,670
Products
Industries
  • - copra
  • - craft items
  • - from seashells
  • - pearls
  • - tourism
  • - tuna processing
  • - wood
Agriculture
  • - breadfruit
  • - chickens
  • - coconuts
  • - fruits
  • - melons
  • - pigs
  • - taro
  • - tomatoes
Exports
  • - coconut oil
  • - copra cake
  • - fish
  • - handicrafts
Imports
  • - beverages
  • - equipment
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuels
  • - machinery
  • - tobacco

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 207) 2,361
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 167) 3.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 213) 21.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 202) 21,857
Population (World Rank: 157) 29.80%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 154) 4.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 128) 11.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 174) 2,028
Paved length (World Rank: 177) 75.00