Luxembourg
in Western Europe
Europe

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Euro - EUR
Spoken languages:
Luxembourgish, German, French
Local electricity:
230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
LU
Internet top level domain:
.lu
Country phone prefix:
+352
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Luxembourg

Luxembourg with its capital Luxembourg is located in Europe (Western Europe, between France and Germany). It covers some 2,587 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Rhode Island) with a population of 594,130. Luxembourgish, German and French are the languages spoken by people in Luxembourg (consider regional differences). Belgium, France and Germany are bordering countries.

Luxembourg is a landlocked country in the Benelux bordered by Belgium, France and Germany, lying at the crossroad of Germanic and Latin cultures. In autumn, many villages along the Moselle river organise wine-tasting village festivals. The streets and landscape in Luxembourg make for good biking territory; highly recommended. Be wary, though, of small-ish bicycle repair shops in rural corners of the country -- they may quite well charge you quite some money for fixing your bike when they actually break it, more or less subtly.

Impressions from the Luxembourg capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Luxembourg

Administrative regions of Luxembourg

About the country

The topography is mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys with uplands to slightly mountainous in the north as well as steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast. The average density of population is about 230 per km². The climate in Luxembourg can be described as modified continental with mild winters, cool summers. Potential natural disasters are occasional flooding.

To reach someone Luxembourg dial +352 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".lu". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 230 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F). The sign for the locally used currency Euro is EUR.

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; the coloring is derived from the Grand Duke's coat of arms (a red lion on a white and blue striped field).

Flag of Luxembourg

Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. In 1867, Luxembourg attained full independence under the condition that it promise perpetual neutrality. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the EEC (later the EU), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency zone.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 179) 2,586sq km
Land (World Rank: 177) 2,586sq km
Forest (World Rank: 68) 26.10%
Comparative slightly smaller than Rhode Island; about half the size of Delaware
Landborder
327
Elevation
Lowest point (World Rank: 21) 133m
Highest point (World Rank: 190) 559m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 67) 50.70%
Arable (World Rank: 43) 24.00%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 139) 0.60%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 68) 26.10%
Map reference
Europe
Environment
Issues
  • - air and water pollution in urban areas
  • - soil pollution of farmland
Agreement party
  • - Air Pollution
  • - Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides
  • - Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 85
  • - Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
  • - Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Marine Dumping
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
  • - Wetlands
Agreement signed Environmental Modification
Hazzards occasional flooding
Location
Western Europe, between France and Germany
Climate
modified continental with mild winters, cool summers
Terrain
mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 170) 594,130
Deathrate (World Rank: 120) 0.73%
Birthrate (World Rank: 167) 1.15%
Growthrate (World Rank: 47) 1.98%
Migration rate (World Rank: 2) 1.55%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 175) 1.62%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 50) 38.70
Female (World Rank: 56) 39.90
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 172) 51,333
0 14 female (World Rank: 174) 48,296
15 24 male (World Rank: 174) 37,047
15 24 female (World Rank: 172) 35,310
25 54 male (World Rank: 165) 134,986
25 54 female (World Rank: 168) 128,028
55 64 male (World Rank: 160) 35,450
55 64 female (World Rank: 160) 34,457
65 x male (World Rank: 152) 39,786
65 x female (World Rank: 152) 49,437
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 202) 0.34%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 14) 82years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 16) 85years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 13) 80years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 43) 2.92
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 31) 5.40
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 50) 97.60%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 74) 22.60%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 5) 100.00%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 154) 735,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 113) 6,178,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 50) 1,420,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 31) 7,718,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 192) 23.70%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 140) 1.70%
Source renew (World Rank: 57) 12.70%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 97) 56,120bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 75) 55,900bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 97) 6,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 95) 1,108,000,000
Import (World Rank: 17) 0
Carbon footprint
11000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 103) 4% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 144) 0% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 90) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 14) 2% of GDP
National symbol
red
National colours
white
Adjective
Luxembourg
Noun
Luxembourger(s)
Background
Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. In 1867, Luxembourg attained full independence under the condition that it promise perpetual neutrality. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the EEC (later the EU), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency zone.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; the coloring is derived from the Grand Duke's coat of arms (a red lion on a white and blue striped field)

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 104) 60,930,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 60) 4.20%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 4) 105,800USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 214) 0.20%
Source industry (World Rank: 194) 12.30%
Source service (World Rank: 12) 87.40%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 165) 266,900
Products
Industries
  • - aluminum
  • - banking
  • - biotechnology
  • - cargo transportation
  • - chemicals
  • - construction
  • - engineering
  • - financial services
  • - glass
  • - information technology
  • - iron
  • - logistics
  • - metals
  • - real estate services
  • - steel
  • - telecommunications
  • - tires
  • - tourism
Agriculture
  • - barley
  • - dairy
  • - fruits
  • - grapes
  • - livestock products
  • - oats
  • - potatoes
  • - wheat
Exports
  • - chemicals
  • - equipment
  • - glass
  • - machinery
  • - rubber products
  • - steel products
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - commercial aircraft
  • - foodstuffs
  • - luxury consumer goods
  • - metals
  • - minerals

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 117) 280,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 22) 48.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 39) 140.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 146) 567,698
Population (World Rank: 9) 97.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 209) 1.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 186) 1.00
Heliports (World Rank: 91) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 125) 275
Road
Total length (World Rank: 167) 2,899
Paved length (World Rank: 118) 2,899
Water
Total length (World Rank: 106) 37.00