Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1998
Size of heritage: 155 ha

Longitude: 13,368°
Latitude: 45,768°


Aquileia (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia), one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire, was destroyed by Attila in the mid-5th century. Most of it still lies unexcavated beneath the fields, and as such it constitutes the greatest archaeological reserve of its kind. The patriarchal basilica, an outstanding building with an exceptional mosaic pavement, played a key role in the evangelization of a large region of central Europe.

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Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia

The Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia, located in the Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region, Italy, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds immense historical and cultural significance. This site encompasses the remains of the ancient Roman city of Aquileia, as well as the stunning Patriarchal Basilica, which stands as a testament to the city's rich past.


Aquileia was founded by the Romans in 181 BC and quickly grew to become one of the largest and most important cities of the Roman Empire. It served as a strategic hub for trade and military operations, and its location at the head of the Adriatic Sea made it a vital center for commerce.

During its peak, Aquileia was a bustling metropolis with a population of over 100,000 inhabitants. The city thrived for centuries, but its fortunes began to decline in the 5th century AD when it was repeatedly sacked by barbarian invasions. Eventually, Aquileia was abandoned, and its ruins were gradually covered by layers of sediment.

Despite its decline, Aquileia remained an important religious center. In the 4th century AD, it became the seat of a patriarchate, and the Patriarchal Basilica was constructed. This magnificent basilica, with its stunning mosaics and intricate architecture, stands as a testament to the city's religious and cultural significance.

Current State

The Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia are now open to visitors, allowing them to explore the rich history and architectural wonders of this UNESCO World Heritage site.

The archaeological area offers a glimpse into the ancient Roman city, with excavated ruins that include a forum, a theater, and the remains of private houses. Visitors can walk through the streets of the ancient city and imagine what life was like during the height of Aquileia's power.

The highlight of the site is undoubtedly the Patriarchal Basilica. This magnificent church is adorned with stunning mosaics that depict biblical scenes and intricate details of daily life in ancient times. The basilica also houses a museum that displays a collection of artifacts discovered during excavations, providing further insight into the history of Aquileia.

Today, the Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia serve as a reminder of the city's glorious past and its importance in shaping the history of the region. The site attracts visitors from around the world who come to admire the architectural wonders and immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of Aquileia.

Preserving and protecting this UNESCO World Heritage site is of utmost importance. Ongoing conservation efforts ensure that the ruins and the basilica remain intact for future generations to appreciate and learn from. The site also benefits from educational programs and guided tours that aim to enhance visitors' understanding of the historical and cultural significance of Aquileia.

In conclusion, the Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia in Italy are a treasure trove of ancient history and architectural marvels. This UNESCO World Heritage site offers a unique opportunity to explore the remains of a once-thriving Roman city and marvel at the beauty of the Patriarchal Basilica, making it a must-visit destination for history and culture enthusiasts.

Hotels and places to stay

Laguna Palace Wellness & Sun

Distance: 6,0 mi
Riva Brioni 17
34073 Grado

Time Information

Checkout: 11:00 - Checkin: 14:00
Weekday: 0:00 - 24:00
Weekend: 0:00 - 24:00


Distance: 4,5 mi
Via Monsignor Angelo Ramazzotti 2
33052 Cervignano del Friuli

Time Information

Checkout: 12:00 - Checkin: 12:00
Weekday: 0:00 - 24:00
Weekend: 0:00 - 24:00

Videos from the area

Aquileia una città romana

Published: December 25, 2014
Length: 14:45 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: Gianni Rizzo

14-05-2014. Aquileia fu fondata dai Romani come colonia militare nel 181 a.C. Fu dapprima baluardo contro l'invasione di popoli barbari e punto di partenza per spedizioni e conquiste militari....

Aquileia in tre minuti...

Published: December 03, 2014
Length: 30:01 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: Fondazione Aquileia

Aquileia Skating Club - Aquile Azzurre

Published: February 20, 2013
Length: 56:58 min
Rating: 0 of 5
Author: Aquileia Skating Club

Incontro Interprovinciale - Chiara Pipani.

Faggin in the wind - Film HD

Published: October 29, 2014
Length: 48:31 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: Davide Tommasin

Cortometraggio dedicato a NAGAYE Project Per il sostegno della O.N.G. Chain of Love Associazione di Adigrat - Etiopia. Sito: www.NAGAYE.org Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NagayeProject...

Boreto alla Graisana

Published: November 29, 2014
Length: 01:29 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: salvatore fronda

La vera ricetta del Boreto alla Graisana preparato da uno dei migliori cuochi di Grado. Il boreto si accompagna con il vino rosso, Possibilmente Refosco dal peduncolo rosso di Aquileia.

Faggin in the wind - Velomatic GialloMelone - Trailer

Published: October 22, 2014
Length: 29:57 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: Davide Tommasin

Pedalata in scatto fisso tra Aquileia e Grado con il Faggin Velomatic GialloMelone(R) Telaio in alluminio, creato su misura da Faggin, forcella anteriore in carbonio e colore personalizzato....

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