Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1998
Size of heritage: 155 ha
Aquileia (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia), one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire, was destroyed by Attila in the mid-5th century. Most of it still lies unexcavated beneath the fields, and as such it constitutes the greatest archaeological reserve of its kind. The patriarchal basilica, an outstanding building with an exceptional mosaic pavement, played a key role in the evangelization of a large region of central Europe.
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Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia
The Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia, located in the Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region, Italy, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds immense historical and cultural significance. This site encompasses the remains of the ancient Roman city of Aquileia, as well as the stunning Patriarchal Basilica, which stands as a testament to the city's rich past.
Aquileia was founded by the Romans in 181 BC and quickly grew to become one of the largest and most important cities of the Roman Empire. It served as a strategic hub for trade and military operations, and its location at the head of the Adriatic Sea made it a vital center for commerce.
During its peak, Aquileia was a bustling metropolis with a population of over 100,000 inhabitants. The city thrived for centuries, but its fortunes began to decline in the 5th century AD when it was repeatedly sacked by barbarian invasions. Eventually, Aquileia was abandoned, and its ruins were gradually covered by layers of sediment.
Despite its decline, Aquileia remained an important religious center. In the 4th century AD, it became the seat of a patriarchate, and the Patriarchal Basilica was constructed. This magnificent basilica, with its stunning mosaics and intricate architecture, stands as a testament to the city's religious and cultural significance.
The Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia are now open to visitors, allowing them to explore the rich history and architectural wonders of this UNESCO World Heritage site.
The archaeological area offers a glimpse into the ancient Roman city, with excavated ruins that include a forum, a theater, and the remains of private houses. Visitors can walk through the streets of the ancient city and imagine what life was like during the height of Aquileia's power.
The highlight of the site is undoubtedly the Patriarchal Basilica. This magnificent church is adorned with stunning mosaics that depict biblical scenes and intricate details of daily life in ancient times. The basilica also houses a museum that displays a collection of artifacts discovered during excavations, providing further insight into the history of Aquileia.
Today, the Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia serve as a reminder of the city's glorious past and its importance in shaping the history of the region. The site attracts visitors from around the world who come to admire the architectural wonders and immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of Aquileia.
Preserving and protecting this UNESCO World Heritage site is of utmost importance. Ongoing conservation efforts ensure that the ruins and the basilica remain intact for future generations to appreciate and learn from. The site also benefits from educational programs and guided tours that aim to enhance visitors' understanding of the historical and cultural significance of Aquileia.
In conclusion, the Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia in Italy are a treasure trove of ancient history and architectural marvels. This UNESCO World Heritage site offers a unique opportunity to explore the remains of a once-thriving Roman city and marvel at the beauty of the Patriarchal Basilica, making it a must-visit destination for history and culture enthusiasts.
Hotels and places to stay
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Medium airport - 6 mi (11 km) Portoroz Airport
Medium airport - 24 mi (39 km) Venezia / Tessera - Marco Polo Airport
Large airport - 52 mi (85 km) Treviso / Sant'Angelo Airport
Large airport - 57 mi (93 km) Belluno Airport
Small airport - 60 mi (98 km) Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport
Large airport - 61 mi (99 km) Pula Airport
Medium airport - 66 mi (107 km) Klagenfurt Airport
Medium airport - 76 mi (123 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Aiello del Friuli
- Bagnaria Arsa
- Campolongo al Torre
- Campolongo al Torre-Cavenzano
- Cervignano del Friuli
- Mariano del Friuli
- Romans d'Isonzo
- Ronchi dei Legionari
- San Giorgio di Nogaro
- San Pier d'Isonzo
- San Valentino
- San Vito al Torre
- Terzo d'Aquileia
- Villa Vicentina
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Alt di Beligna
- Borgo Brunner
- Borgo Brunner-Dorida
- Borgo Candeletis
- Borgo Malborghetto
- Borgo Sandrigo
- Ca' Marignane
- Case Gortani
- Case di Via Carso
- Case di Via Grado
- Localita Pontisel
- Ponte Tiel
- Ponterosso I
- Ponterosso II
- San Lorenzo
- San Martino di Terzo
- San Zili
- Via Tiel