Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1988
Size of heritage: 71,783 ha
- Buffer zone: 514,286 ha
Nestled high in West Himalaya, India’s Valley of Flowers National Park is renowned for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and outstanding natural beauty. This richly diverse area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, brown bear and blue sheep. The gentle landscape of the Valley of Flowers National Park complements the rugged mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park. Together they encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya, praised by mountaineers and botanists for over a century and in Hindu mythology for much longer.
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Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
The Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks are located in the state of Uttarakhand, India. These two parks were collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988 due to their exceptional natural beauty and biodiversity.
The Nanda Devi National Park was established in 1982 and covers an area of 624 square kilometers. It is named after the Nanda Devi peak, which is the second highest mountain in India. The park is surrounded by a ring of peaks, with Nanda Devi itself standing at an impressive height of 7,816 meters. The park was initially closed to the public to preserve its unique flora and fauna, and it was only opened for limited access in 2004.
The Valley of Flowers National Park, on the other hand, was established in 1982 and covers an area of 87.5 square kilometers. This park is renowned for its stunning meadows filled with a vibrant array of alpine flowers, making it a paradise for nature lovers and botanists. The valley remained relatively unknown until its discovery by British mountaineer Frank Smythe in 1931.
The Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks are both well-preserved and continue to attract visitors from around the world. These parks offer a unique opportunity to experience the pristine beauty of the Himalayas and witness a wide range of flora and fauna.
Nanda Devi National Park is home to several endangered species, including the snow leopard, Himalayan musk deer, and Himalayan tahr. It also boasts a rich variety of plant life, with over 312 species of flora recorded within its boundaries. The park's rugged terrain and remote location make it a challenging destination for trekkers and mountaineers.
The Valley of Flowers National Park is famous for its breathtaking meadows adorned with countless species of flowers, including orchids, poppies, and primulas. The park is also home to rare and endangered animals such as the Asiatic black bear and the blue sheep. Visitors can explore the park through well-defined trekking trails, which offer stunning views of the surrounding mountains and waterfalls.
Both parks have strict regulations in place to ensure their conservation. Permits are required to enter the parks, and camping is only allowed in designated areas. The fragile ecosystems of these parks are protected by limiting the number of visitors and promoting responsible tourism practices.
In conclusion, the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in Uttarakhand, India, are UNESCO World Heritage sites that showcase the incredible natural beauty and biodiversity of the region. These parks provide a unique opportunity for visitors to immerse themselves in the splendor of the Himalayas and witness a wide range of flora and fauna in their natural habitats.
Small airport - 89 mi (145 km) Dehradun Airport
Medium airport - 96 mi (155 km) Ngari Gunsa Airport
Medium airport - 98 mi (159 km) Baitadi Airport
Small airport - 101 mi (163 km) Pantnagar Airport
Medium airport - 117 mi (189 km) Bajhang Airport
Small airport - 122 mi (197 km) Mahendranagar Airport
Small airport - 125 mi (201 km) Silgadi Doti Airport
Small airport - 126 mi (203 km) Indira Gandhi International Airport
Large airport - 214 mi (345 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Dehra Dun
- New Delhi
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.