Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 1979
Size of heritage: 16,359 ha
The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
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Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur
The UNESCO World Heritage site "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur" is located in the Governorate of Giza, Egypt. This site encompasses the ancient capital of Memphis and the surrounding pyramid complexes, including the famous pyramids of Giza and Dahshur.
Memphis, founded around 3100 BC, was the capital of ancient Egypt during the Old Kingdom and remained an important city throughout the pharaonic period. It served as the political, economic, and cultural center of the country for over 3,000 years. The city was renowned for its grand temples, palaces, and administrative buildings.
The Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur are a testament to the architectural and engineering prowess of the ancient Egyptians. The most iconic structures within this site are the Great Pyramids of Giza, including the Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops), the Pyramid of Khafre (Chephren), and the Pyramid of Menkaure (Mycerinus). These pyramids were built as tombs for the pharaohs and were surrounded by smaller pyramids for their queens and noble family members.
The construction of these pyramids required immense manpower and resources. The pyramids were built using limestone blocks, which were quarried and transported from nearby areas. The precise alignment and intricate design of these structures continue to amaze visitors and researchers alike.
The Memphis and its Necropolis site is a significant cultural and historical treasure that attracts millions of visitors each year. The pyramids of Giza, in particular, are among the most famous landmarks in the world and continue to inspire awe and wonder.
Efforts have been made to preserve and protect this UNESCO World Heritage site. The Egyptian government, in collaboration with international organizations, has implemented various conservation and restoration projects to safeguard the pyramids and the surrounding areas. These initiatives aim to maintain the structural integrity of the pyramids, prevent erosion, and ensure the long-term preservation of the site.
Visitors to the site can explore the ancient ruins, including the temples, tombs, and causeways that are scattered throughout the area. The Great Sphinx, a colossal statue with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, is another iconic feature of the site that captivates visitors.
Furthermore, the site offers a glimpse into the daily life and beliefs of the ancient Egyptians. The tombs and burial chambers provide insights into the funerary practices and rituals of the pharaohs and their families. The hieroglyphic inscriptions and intricate carvings on the walls offer valuable information about the religious beliefs and cultural traditions of the time.
Overall, the UNESCO World Heritage site "Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur" is a remarkable testament to the ancient Egyptian civilization. Its historical significance, architectural marvels, and cultural value make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the wonders of the ancient world.
Hotels and places to stay
Mercure Cairo Le Sphinx Hotel
Le Meridien Pyramids Hotel & Spa
RESORT CAIRO-PYRAMIDS ( ?? 881640 ) former Moevenpick ( new steigenberger ?)
soluxe cairo hotel
Guardian Guest House
Pyramids View inn Bed & Breakfast
Sphinx Guest House
Delta Pyramids Hotel
Pyramids Loft Homestay
Ramosa Guest House
Videos from the area
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Medium airport - 16 mi (26 km) Cairo International Airport
Large airport - 19 mi (32 km) Borg El Arab International Airport
Medium airport - 107 mi (173 km) El Nouzha Airport
Medium airport - 109 mi (176 km) Port Said Airport
Medium airport - 112 mi (180 km) Abu Rudeis Airport
Small airport - 145 mi (234 km) El Tor Airport
Small airport - 195 mi (314 km) Ovda International Airport
Large airport - 228 mi (367 km) Hurghada International Airport
Large airport - 252 mi (406 km) Ben Gurion International Airport
Large airport - 263 mi (424 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Al Fayyum
- Al Mansurah
- Bani Suwayf
- Kafr ash Shaykh
- Port Said
- Shibin al Kawm
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Abu an Numrus
- Al Harraniyah
- Al Kawm al Akhdar
- Al Kunayyisah
- At Talibiyah
- Bani Majdul
- Birak al Khiyam
- Kafr Ghatati
- Kafr Tuhurmis
- Kafr at Turjuman
- Kafrat Nassar
- Kafrat al Jabal
- Munsha'at al Bakkari
- Nazlat Bahjat
- Nazlat Khalifah
- Nazlat al Ashtar
- Nazlat al Batran
- Nazlat as Samman
- Nazlat as Sisi
- Saft al Laban
- Zawiyat Abu Musallam
- `Ezbet Muhammad Yasin
- `Ezbet `Abd el-Hamid
- `Izbat Dhu al Fiqar