Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2011
Size of heritage: 30,745 ha
- Buffer zone: 78,617 ha
The Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana located on a sheer-sided mountain range parallel to the north-western coast of the island of Mallorca. Millennia of agriculture in an environment with scarce resources has transformed the terrain and displays an articulated network of devices for the management of water revolving around farming units of feudal origins. The landscape is marked by agricultural terraces and inter-connected water works - including water mills - as well as dry stone constructions and farms.
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IntroductionThe Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana, located in Spain, is a UNESCO World Heritage site that encompasses a stunning mountain range in the northwest of the island of Mallorca. This cultural landscape is not only renowned for its natural beauty but also for its rich history and cultural significance. Spanning an area of approximately 30,000 hectares, the Serra de Tramuntana is a testament to the harmonious coexistence between humans and nature.
HistoryThe history of the Serra de Tramuntana dates back to ancient times when it served as a vital trade route and a strategic defense point for the island. The Phoenicians, Romans, and Moors all recognized the strategic importance of this mountain range. The Moors, in particular, left a lasting impact on the landscape by constructing terraces, irrigation systems, and agricultural infrastructure that are still visible today. During the Middle Ages, the Serra de Tramuntana became a refuge for Christian settlers fleeing from Moorish rule. These settlers established numerous villages and monasteries, contributing to the cultural and architectural diversity of the region. The mountain range also played a significant role in the development of the island's maritime trade, as it provided sheltered harbors and facilitated the transportation of goods.
Current StateToday, the Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana continues to captivate visitors with its breathtaking scenery and cultural heritage. The mountain range is characterized by its rugged peaks, deep valleys, and terraced slopes that are cultivated with olive, almond, and citrus groves. The traditional agricultural practices, such as dry-stone walling and water management systems, have been carefully preserved, maintaining the authenticity of the landscape. The Serra de Tramuntana is also home to numerous picturesque villages, each with its own unique charm. These villages, such as Valldemossa, Deià, and Sóller, showcase traditional Mallorcan architecture, with stone houses, narrow streets, and charming squares. The region's cultural heritage is further enriched by the presence of monasteries, churches, and watchtowers, which serve as reminders of its historical significance. In addition to its cultural value, the Serra de Tramuntana is a haven for biodiversity. The mountain range is home to a wide range of plant and animal species, including several endemic and endangered species. The diverse ecosystems, including forests, wetlands, and coastal areas, contribute to the region's ecological importance. To ensure the preservation of this exceptional cultural landscape, various conservation efforts have been implemented. These include the establishment of protected areas, the promotion of sustainable tourism, and the involvement of local communities in the management and preservation of the site. The Serra de Tramuntana serves as a model for sustainable development, where the conservation of natural and cultural heritage goes hand in hand with the well-being of the local population. In conclusion, the Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana in Spain is a UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the harmonious coexistence between humans and nature. With its rich history, stunning landscapes, and cultural significance, this mountain range continues to inspire and captivate visitors from around the world.
Hotels and places to stay
Gran Hotel Sóller Restaurant & Spa
Finca Sa Maniga
L'Avenida Soller Boutique Hotel
EL GUIA HOTEL
S´Alqueria Blanca - Finca Agroturismo
Finca sa Màniga
Finca Honor Vell
Es Corte Vell- Inland Hotel Bunyola - Adults Only
Videos from the area
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Large airport - 13 mi (21 km) Menorca Airport
Medium airport - 81 mi (132 km) Ibiza Airport
Medium airport - 92 mi (149 km) Barcelona International Airport
Large airport - 113 mi (182 km) Sabadell Airport
Small airport - 127 mi (206 km) Girona Airport
Medium airport - 150 mi (242 km) Alicante International Airport
Large airport - 201 mi (324 km) Houari Boumediene Airport
Large airport - 212 mi (342 km) Toulouse-Blagnac Airport
Large airport - 278 mi (448 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Mancor de la Vall
- Santa Eugenia
- Santa Maria del Cami
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.