Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park (Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park Society)

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1999
Size of heritage: 15 ha

Longitude: -61,163°
Latitude: 17,347°


Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is an outstanding, well-preserved example of 17th- and 18th-century military architecture in a Caribbean context. Designed by the British and built by African slave labour, the fortress is testimony to European colonial expansion, the African slave trade and the emergence of new societies in the Caribbean.

Location on Map

Show bigger map on Openstreetmap

Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park: A Historic Gem in Saint Kitts and Nevis

Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park, located in the Parish of St Thomas, St Christopher (St Kitts), is a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds immense historical and cultural significance. This magnificent fortress stands as a testament to the rich history of the Caribbean and the resilience of its people.


The construction of Brimstone Hill Fortress began in the late 17th century, under the British colonial rule. The fortress was strategically positioned on a hilltop, providing a commanding view of the surrounding area and serving as a defensive stronghold against potential invasions.

Over the years, the fortress underwent several expansions and improvements, becoming one of the most formidable military structures in the Caribbean. It played a crucial role in protecting the British interests in the region, serving as a base for military operations and a symbol of British power.

However, the fortress also witnessed its fair share of conflicts. It endured numerous attacks and sieges, including a major assault by the French in 1782. Despite the challenges, the fortress remained under British control until the late 19th century when it was abandoned and fell into disrepair.

Current State

Today, Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park stands as a well-preserved historical site, offering visitors a glimpse into the past. The park covers an area of approximately 38 acres and includes not only the fortress but also a museum, visitor center, and various hiking trails.

The fortress itself is a marvel of military engineering, with its massive stone walls, bastions, and cannons. The intricate design and construction techniques used in its creation are a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the builders. Exploring the fortress allows visitors to imagine the lives of the soldiers who once manned its walls and the challenges they faced.

The museum within the park provides a wealth of information about the history and significance of Brimstone Hill Fortress. Exhibits showcase artifacts, documents, and interactive displays that bring the past to life. Visitors can learn about the various battles fought at the fortress, the daily lives of the soldiers, and the impact of colonialism on the region.

For nature enthusiasts, Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. The park is home to diverse flora and fauna, including tropical plants, birds, and monkeys. Hiking trails wind through the lush vegetation, providing opportunities for exploration and relaxation.

Efforts have been made to preserve and maintain the fortress and its surroundings. Restoration projects have been undertaken to ensure the longevity of this historic site. The park also hosts cultural events and educational programs to promote awareness and appreciation of its heritage.

Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park stands as a symbol of the resilience and strength of the people of Saint Kitts and Nevis. It serves as a reminder of the region's complex history and the importance of preserving its cultural heritage for future generations.