Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 1997
Size of heritage:

Longitude: 73,589°
Latitude: 32,963°


Following his defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. It was never taken by storm and has survived intact to the present day. The main fortifications consist of the massive walls, which extend for more than 4 km; they are lined with bastions and pierced by monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia.

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Rohtas Fort: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan

Rohtas Fort, located near Jhelum City in the Punjab province of Pakistan, is a magnificent UNESCO World Heritage site that stands as a testament to the rich history and architectural brilliance of the region. Built in the 16th century, this fort holds immense historical and cultural significance, attracting tourists and history enthusiasts from around the world.


The construction of Rohtas Fort began in 1541 under the orders of Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan ruler who defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun. The fort was strategically built to serve as a stronghold against potential Mughal invasions from the north. It took approximately eight years to complete the construction, with thousands of laborers and skilled craftsmen working tirelessly to bring Sher Shah Suri's vision to life.

The fort was named after Rohtasgarh, a historical fort in India, which held great significance for Sher Shah Suri. The architecture of Rohtas Fort is a blend of Afghan, Persian, and Hindu influences, showcasing the diverse cultural heritage of the region.

Architecture and Features

Rohtas Fort spans over an area of 70 acres and is surrounded by a 4-kilometer-long defensive wall. The fort's main entrance, known as the Sohail Gate, is a grand structure adorned with intricate carvings and calligraphy. Inside the fort, visitors can explore various buildings, including palaces, mosques, and barracks.

The Haveli Man Singh, a palace within the fort, is a remarkable example of Mughal architecture. It features beautiful frescoes, ornate ceilings, and spacious courtyards. The Shahi Mosque, built by Emperor Shah Jahan, is another notable structure within the fort, showcasing exquisite tile work and intricate stone carvings.

Rohtas Fort also houses several baolis (step wells) that were used to store water during times of siege. These baolis are not only functional but also architectural marvels, with their intricate staircases and beautiful arches.

Current State and Preservation Efforts

Rohtas Fort has managed to withstand the test of time and remains remarkably well-preserved. The fort's solid construction and strategic location have protected it from major damage over the centuries. However, natural weathering and human activities have taken a toll on some parts of the fort.

In recognition of its historical and cultural significance, Rohtas Fort was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. The Pakistani government, in collaboration with international organizations, has undertaken various preservation and restoration projects to ensure the fort's long-term survival.

Today, Rohtas Fort stands as a living testament to the architectural brilliance and historical significance of the region. Its grandeur and cultural significance continue to captivate visitors, offering a glimpse into the rich history of Pakistan and the empires that once ruled the land.

Visiting Rohtas Fort is not only an opportunity to witness a UNESCO World Heritage site but also a chance to immerse oneself in the grandeur of the past and appreciate the architectural marvels of the region.

Videos from the area

Rohtas Fort Visit

Published: April 22, 2009
Length: 00:12 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: Tahir Iqbal

This Video was made by me when I visited Rohtas Fort on 23-03-2009 with Mr. Ramzan Waseem, Manager NADRA Jehlum Office. Ramzan Waseem is slim one in lined Shirt. In Shalwar Kameez is ...

Rohtas Fort in Punjab Pakistan

Published: October 18, 2010
Length: 07:50 min
Rating: 4 of 5
Author: sightsandsoundsofpak

Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. The Fort is an exceptional example of Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia, blending...

Rohtas Fort (documentary excerpt)

Published: June 24, 2013
Length: 30:16 min
Rating: 0 of 5
Author: Jahan Zeb

Rohtas fort documentary film is a student project completed in 2006 as a student project at nca's Multimedia department.

Qila Rohtas from Mansigh hawali

Published: October 06, 2009
Length: 26:43 min
Rating: 0 of 5
Author: Zeeshan Javaid

Rohtas Fort, Jehlum - Pakistan قلعہ روھتاس ۔ پاکستان

Published: November 19, 2008
Length: 16:19 min
Rating: 4 of 5
Author: SrKhurram

Rohtas Fort (قلعہ روھتاس), built by Afghan King SHER SHAH SURI in 1541 AD, is 8km from Dina district Jehlum. It was used as garrison or transit camp for movement of forces between...

Tour of Rohtas Fort

Published: October 23, 2011
Length: 50:19 min
Rating: 5 of 5
Author: HMCGCU

Hiking and Mountaineering Club GC University Lahore tour of Rohtas Fort (Jhelum) on October 22, 2011.

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