Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 1997
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Following his defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. It was never taken by storm and has survived intact to the present day. The main fortifications consist of the massive walls, which extend for more than 4 km; they are lined with bastions and pierced by monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia.
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Rohtas Fort: A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan
Rohtas Fort, located near Jhelum City in the Punjab province of Pakistan, is a magnificent UNESCO World Heritage site that stands as a testament to the rich history and architectural brilliance of the region. Built in the 16th century, this fort holds immense historical and cultural significance, attracting tourists and history enthusiasts from around the world.
The construction of Rohtas Fort began in 1541 under the orders of Sher Shah Suri, the Afghan ruler who defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun. The fort was strategically built to serve as a stronghold against potential Mughal invasions from the north. It took approximately eight years to complete the construction, with thousands of laborers and skilled craftsmen working tirelessly to bring Sher Shah Suri's vision to life.
The fort was named after Rohtasgarh, a historical fort in India, which held great significance for Sher Shah Suri. The architecture of Rohtas Fort is a blend of Afghan, Persian, and Hindu influences, showcasing the diverse cultural heritage of the region.
Architecture and Features
Rohtas Fort spans over an area of 70 acres and is surrounded by a 4-kilometer-long defensive wall. The fort's main entrance, known as the Sohail Gate, is a grand structure adorned with intricate carvings and calligraphy. Inside the fort, visitors can explore various buildings, including palaces, mosques, and barracks.
The Haveli Man Singh, a palace within the fort, is a remarkable example of Mughal architecture. It features beautiful frescoes, ornate ceilings, and spacious courtyards. The Shahi Mosque, built by Emperor Shah Jahan, is another notable structure within the fort, showcasing exquisite tile work and intricate stone carvings.
Rohtas Fort also houses several baolis (step wells) that were used to store water during times of siege. These baolis are not only functional but also architectural marvels, with their intricate staircases and beautiful arches.
Current State and Preservation Efforts
Rohtas Fort has managed to withstand the test of time and remains remarkably well-preserved. The fort's solid construction and strategic location have protected it from major damage over the centuries. However, natural weathering and human activities have taken a toll on some parts of the fort.
In recognition of its historical and cultural significance, Rohtas Fort was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1997. The Pakistani government, in collaboration with international organizations, has undertaken various preservation and restoration projects to ensure the fort's long-term survival.
Today, Rohtas Fort stands as a living testament to the architectural brilliance and historical significance of the region. Its grandeur and cultural significance continue to captivate visitors, offering a glimpse into the rich history of Pakistan and the empires that once ruled the land.
Visiting Rohtas Fort is not only an opportunity to witness a UNESCO World Heritage site but also a chance to immerse oneself in the grandeur of the past and appreciate the architectural marvels of the region.
Videos from the area
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Medium airport - 7 mi (11 km) Gujrat Airport
Small airport - 38 mi (61 km) Rajouri Airport
Small airport - 51 mi (82 km) Benazir Bhutto International Airport
Large airport - 53 mi (86 km) Sialkot Airport
Small airport - 54 mi (87 km) Rawalakot Airport
Medium airport - 62 mi (101 km) Bhurban Heliport
Small airport - 69 mi (112 km) Jammu Airport
Medium airport - 75 mi (121 km) Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport, Amritsar
Large airport - 112 mi (180 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Attock City
- Hattian Bala
- Mandi Bahauddin
- New Mirpur
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Bhoji Garha
- Chah Ganja
- Chak Almas
- Chak Nagarchian
- Dhok Bangiali
- Dhok Darban
- Dhok Dheri
- Dhok Kamal
- Dhok Masial
- Dhok Munawar
- Dhok Nagial
- Doiya Kalan
- Doiyan Khurd
- Kotha Bahadur
- Nir Khian
- Pir Shah Wasan
- Purana Mehta
- Qazi Hussaini
- Qila Rohtas
- Raju Pindi
- Rihana Jattan
- Rihana Munda