Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 2000
Size of heritage: 5,323,018 ha

Longitude: -61,992°
Latitude: -1,667°


The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin (over 6 million hectares) and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity. It also includes an important sample of varzea ecosystems, igapó forests, lakes and channels which take the form of a constantly evolving aquatic mosaic that is home to the largest array of electric fish in the world. The site protects key threatened species, including giant arapaima fish, the Amazonian manatee, the black caiman and two species of river dolphin.

Location on Map

Show bigger map on Openstreetmap

Central Amazon Conservation Complex

The Central Amazon Conservation Complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in the State of Amazonas, Brazil. It is one of the largest protected areas in the Amazon rainforest, covering approximately 6.7 million hectares. This vast complex is made up of four interconnected protected areas: Jaú National Park, Anavilhanas National Park, Rio Negro State Park, and the surrounding Anavilhanas Ecological Station.


The history of the Central Amazon Conservation Complex dates back to the early 20th century when the Brazilian government recognized the need to protect the unique biodiversity and ecological importance of the Amazon rainforest. In 1979, Jaú National Park was established as the first protected area within the complex. Over the years, the other areas were added, and in 2000, the entire complex was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The indigenous communities living in the region have played a crucial role in the conservation efforts. Their traditional knowledge and sustainable practices have contributed to the preservation of the complex's rich biodiversity. The local communities have been actively involved in the management and protection of the area, ensuring the sustainable use of natural resources.

Current State

The Central Amazon Conservation Complex is a haven for biodiversity, housing an incredible array of plant and animal species. It is home to over 1,000 bird species, 500 fish species, and countless mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. The complex also supports a diverse range of ecosystems, including flooded forests, savannahs, and rivers.

However, the conservation complex faces numerous challenges. Deforestation, illegal logging, and encroachment by human settlements pose significant threats to the fragile ecosystem. The Brazilian government, along with various environmental organizations, has been working tirelessly to combat these issues and protect the complex.

Efforts to safeguard the Central Amazon Conservation Complex include strict monitoring and enforcement of regulations, as well as initiatives to promote sustainable development and alternative livelihoods for local communities. Ecotourism has also been encouraged, providing economic incentives for conservation while raising awareness about the importance of preserving the Amazon rainforest.

Despite the challenges, the Central Amazon Conservation Complex remains a vital stronghold for biodiversity and a symbol of the Amazon rainforest's ecological significance. Its inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage list has brought international attention to the need for its protection and has helped secure funding for conservation efforts.

Preserving the Central Amazon Conservation Complex is not only crucial for the local communities and the unique species that call it home but also for the global fight against climate change. The Amazon rainforest plays a vital role in regulating the Earth's climate by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen.

In conclusion, the Central Amazon Conservation Complex in the State of Amazonas, Brazil, is a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site that showcases the immense biodiversity and ecological importance of the Amazon rainforest. Despite the challenges it faces, ongoing conservation efforts and the involvement of local communities are crucial in ensuring the long-term preservation of this invaluable natural treasure.