Vietnam
in South-Eastern Asia
Asia

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dong - VND
Spoken languages:
Vietnamese, English, French, Chinese, Central Khmer
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: A, B, C)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
VN
Internet top level domain:
.vn
Country phone prefix:
+84
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Vietnam

Vietnam with its capital Hanoi is located in Asia (Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand). It covers some 331,211 square kilometers (about three times the size of Tennessee) with 96,160,200 citizens. Vietnamese, English, French, Chinese and Central Khmer are the common languages used in Vietnam (consider regional differences). Cambodia, China and Laos are bordering countries.

Vietnam officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. Motorbike adventure tours: there are many tour operators who provide motorbike tours around the remote regions of Vietnam. Given that motorbikes are the main mode of transport in Vietnam, this can be a particularly authentic means of traveling through the country and visiting those off-the-beaten-track places. Most tours include accommodation, petrol, helmets, drivers and entry tickets to local places of interest. They usually speak good English or French and offer customised tours if desired.

Impressions from the Vietnamese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Vietnam

Administrative regions of Vietnam

About the country

Website: Vietnam Tourism

80 Quan Su
Hanoi
Vietnam

Phone: +84 4 9421061
Mail: TITC@vietnamtourism.com

The landscape is low, flat delta in south and north with central highlands as well as hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest. The average density of population is about 290 per km². The climate in Vietnam can be described as tropical in south with monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March). Potential threats by nature are occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta.

To reach someone Vietnam dial +84 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".vn". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: A, B, C). The sign for the locally used currency Dong is VND.

Red field with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace - peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers - that unite to build socialism.

Flag of Vietnam

The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under communist rule. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies, the persecution and mass exodus of individuals - many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants - and growing international isolation. However, since the enactment of Vietnam's "doi moi" (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The communist leaders maintain tight control on political expression but have demonstrated some modest steps toward better protection of human rights. The country continues to experience small-scale protests, the vast majority connected to either land-use issues, calls for increased political space, or the lack of equitable mechanisms for resolving disputes. The small-scale protests in the urban areas are often organized by human rights activists, but many occur in rural areas and involve various ethnic minorities such as the Montagnards of the Central Highlands, Hmong in the Northwest Highlands, and the Khmer Krom in the southern delta region.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 67) 331,210sq km
Land (World Rank: 66) 310,070sq km
Water (World Rank: 27) 21,140sq km
Forest (World Rank: 181) 2.10%
Comparative about three times the size of Tennessee; slightly larger than New Mexico
Coastline
3444
Landborder
4616
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 59) 3,144m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 120) 34.80%
Arable (World Rank: 53) 20.60%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 22) 12.10%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 181) 2.10%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 12) 46,000sq km
Map reference
Southeast Asia
Environment
Issues
  • - groundwater contamination limits potable water supply
  • - growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
  • - logging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation
  • - water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Environmental Modification
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta
Location
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
Climate
tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)
Terrain
low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 15) 96,160,200
Deathrate (World Rank: 169) 0.59%
Birthrate (World Rank: 121) 1.55%
Growthrate (World Rank: 119) 0.93%
Migration rate (World Rank: 81) -0.03%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 146) 1.81%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 116) 29.40
Female (World Rank: 105) 31.70
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 16) 11,909,300
0 14 female (World Rank: 16) 10,735,300
15 24 male (World Rank: 14) 8,098,020
15 24 female (World Rank: 14) 7,509,020
25 54 male (World Rank: 12) 22,087,100
25 54 female (World Rank: 12) 21,719,600
55 64 male (World Rank: 16) 3,798,930
55 64 female (World Rank: 12) 4,419,840
65 x male (World Rank: 23) 2,281,920
65 x female (World Rank: 21) 3,601,080
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 94) 1.73%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 129) 74years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 128) 76years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 127) 71years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 106) 1.18
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 108) 2.00
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 127) 78.00%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 192) 2.10%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 89) 97.60%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 28) 146,900,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 25) 134,300,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 59) 811,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 51) 2,393,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 135) 58.00%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 47) 41.00%
Source renew (World Rank: 132) 1.00%
Crude oil
Production (World Rank: 31) 301,800bbl / day
Exports (World Rank: 32) 183,600bbl / day
Proved reserves (World Rank: 26) 4,400,000,000bbl
Refined products
Production (World Rank: 56) 156,900bbl / day
Consumption (World Rank: 36) 422,000bbl / day
Export (World Rank: 60) 28,860bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 26) 256,600bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 42) 9,080,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 47) 15,500,000,000
Carbon footprint
142000000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 39) 6% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 39) 2% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 78) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 158) -6% of GDP
National symbol
yellow
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Vietnamese
Noun
Vietnamese (singular and plural)
Background
The conquest of Vietnam by France began in 1858 and was completed by 1884. It became part of French Indochina in 1887. Vietnam declared independence after World War II, but France continued to rule until its 1954 defeat by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH. Under the Geneva Accords of 1954, Vietnam was divided into the communist North and anti-communist South. US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later, North Vietnamese forces overran the South reuniting the country under communist rule. Despite the return of peace, for over a decade the country experienced little economic growth because of conservative leadership policies, the persecution and mass exodus of individuals - many of them successful South Vietnamese merchants - and growing international isolation. However, since the enactment of Vietnam's "doi moi" (renovation) policy in 1986, Vietnamese authorities have committed to increased economic liberalization and enacted structural reforms needed to modernize the economy and to produce more competitive, export-driven industries. The communist leaders maintain tight control on political expression but have demonstrated some modest steps toward better protection of human rights. The country continues to experience small-scale protests, the vast majority connected to either land-use issues, calls for increased political space, or the lack of equitable mechanisms for resolving disputes. The small-scale protests in the urban areas are often organized by human rights activists, but many occur in rural areas and involve various ethnic minorities such as the Montagnards of the Central Highlands, Hmong in the Northwest Highlands, and the Khmer Krom in the southern delta region.
Flag description
red field with a large yellow five-pointed star in the center; red symbolizes revolution and blood, the five-pointed star represents the five elements of the populace - peasants, workers, intellectuals, traders, and soldiers - that unite to build socialism

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 36) 595,400,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 25) 6.20%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 158) 6,400USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 61) 16.30%
Source industry (World Rank: 61) 32.70%
Source service (World Rank: 204) 40.90%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 11) 55,930,000
In poverty (World Rank: 145) 11.30%
Products
Industries
  • - cement
  • - chemical fertilizer
  • - coal
  • - food processing
  • - garments
  • - glass
  • - machine-building
  • - mining
  • - mobile phones
  • - oil
  • - shoes
  • - steel
  • - tires
Agriculture
  • - bananas
  • - cashews
  • - coffee
  • - peanuts
  • - pepper
  • - pork
  • - poultry
  • - rice
  • - rubber
  • - seafood
  • - soybeans
  • - sugar cane
  • - tea
Exports
  • - clothes
  • - coffee
  • - crude oil
  • - electronics
  • - machinery
  • - rice
  • - seafood
  • - shoes
  • - wooden products
Imports
  • - automobiles
  • - electronics
  • - equipment
  • - machinery
  • - petroleum products
  • - plastics
  • - raw materials for the clothing
  • - shoe industries
  • - steel products

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 27) 5,598,020
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 147) 6.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 55) 129.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 13) 49,741,000
Population (World Rank: 116) 52.70%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 53) 38.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 144) 7.00
Heliports (World Rank: 71) 1.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 66) 2,600
Road
Total length (World Rank: 28) 195,468
Paved length (World Rank: 20) 148,338
Unpaved length (World Rank: 35) 47,130
Water
Total length (World Rank: 4) 47,130