Facts and Data

Official Unesco Page
View photos from OUR PLACE the World Heritage collection

Basis Data:
Unesco World heritage since: 2000
Size of heritage: 1.68 ha
- Buffer zone: 60 ha

Longitude: -6,447°
Latitude: 43,011°


The walls of Lugo were built in the later part of the 3rd century to defend the Roman town of Lucus. The entire circuit survives intact and is the finest example of late Roman fortifications in western Europe.

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Roman Walls of Lugo: A Testament to Ancient Engineering

The Roman Walls of Lugo, located in the province of Lugo in the Autonomous Community of Galicia, Spain, are a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site that offers a glimpse into the ancient world. These walls, built in the late 3rd century, are a testament to the engineering prowess of the Roman Empire and have stood the test of time for over 1,700 years.


The construction of the Roman Walls of Lugo began in the year 263 AD, during the reign of Emperor Aurelian. The purpose of these walls was to protect the Roman city of Lucus Augusti, which was an important administrative and military center in the region. The walls were built using granite blocks and stretch for a length of 2,117 meters, encircling the entire historic center of Lugo.

These walls served as a defensive structure, protecting the city from external threats and providing security to its inhabitants. They were equipped with numerous towers and gates, including the Porta Miña, Porta Falsa, and Porta San Pedro, which allowed controlled access to the city.

Over the centuries, the Roman Walls of Lugo underwent various modifications and repairs. In the Middle Ages, additional defensive structures were added, such as the Muralles del Castro, which further fortified the city. Despite these alterations, the original Roman construction remains largely intact, making it one of the best-preserved Roman walls in the world.

Current State

Today, the Roman Walls of Lugo continue to be a prominent feature of the city's landscape and a symbol of its rich history. The walls have been meticulously preserved and restored, ensuring their longevity for future generations to appreciate.

Visitors to the site can walk along the top of the walls, which offers a unique perspective of the city and its surroundings. The panoramic views from the walls provide a glimpse into the past, allowing visitors to imagine the bustling Roman city that once thrived within these walls.

The Roman Walls of Lugo have become a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from around the world. In recognition of their historical and architectural significance, they were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000. This designation has helped to raise awareness about the importance of preserving and protecting this remarkable piece of ancient history.

Furthermore, the walls have become an integral part of the cultural identity of Lugo. They serve as a backdrop for various events and festivals throughout the year, including the Arde Lucus festival, which celebrates the city's Roman heritage. During this festival, the walls come alive with reenactments, parades, and other activities that transport visitors back in time.

The Roman Walls of Lugo stand as a testament to the ingenuity and craftsmanship of the ancient Romans. Their remarkable state of preservation and their continued relevance in the modern world make them a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and anyone seeking to immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of Spain.