Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2013
Size of heritage: 5.30 ha
- Buffer zone: 26 ha
The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, which came into power in 1779 and made Teheran the capital of the country. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the 19th century. It became a centre of Qajari arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and crafts and elements of 18th century architecture and technology.
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Golestan Palace: A Jewel of Iranian Architecture
Golestan Palace, located in Tehran, Iran, is a UNESCO World Heritage site renowned for its exquisite architecture and historical significance. This magnificent palace complex showcases the rich cultural heritage of Iran and stands as a testament to the country's glorious past.
The history of Golestan Palace dates back to the 16th century when it was initially built during the Safavid dynasty. Over the centuries, various rulers and dynasties contributed to its expansion and renovation, resulting in a unique blend of architectural styles.
During the Qajar dynasty in the 19th century, Golestan Palace became the official residence of the royal family and the seat of government. It served as the ceremonial and administrative center of Iran until the capital was moved to Tehran.
Throughout its history, Golestan Palace witnessed numerous significant events, including coronations, royal weddings, and diplomatic meetings. It played a pivotal role in shaping Iran's political and cultural landscape.
Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of Persian architecture, characterized by its intricate tilework, stunning mirror halls, and beautifully landscaped gardens. The palace complex consists of several buildings, each with its own unique design and purpose.
The main entrance, known as the "Talar-e Aineh" or Mirror Hall, is adorned with dazzling mirrors and intricate plasterwork. This grand hall served as the venue for official ceremonies and receptions.
The "Talar-e Salam" or Reception Hall is another architectural marvel, featuring stunning frescoes, stained glass windows, and elaborate chandeliers. This hall was used for welcoming foreign dignitaries and hosting important events.
The "Shams-ol-Emareh" or Sun Building is a prominent structure within the palace complex. Its distinctive facade, adorned with colorful tiles and intricate patterns, is a symbol of the Qajar era's architectural grandeur.
The palace gardens, known as the "Bagh-e Golestan," are meticulously landscaped and provide a serene oasis amidst the bustling city. These gardens feature beautiful fountains, lush greenery, and vibrant flowers, creating a tranquil atmosphere.
Today, Golestan Palace stands as a testament to Iran's rich cultural heritage and attracts visitors from around the world. The palace complex underwent extensive restoration in the 20th century to preserve its architectural integrity and historical significance.
Visitors to Golestan Palace can explore its various buildings, halls, and gardens, immersing themselves in the opulence and grandeur of the Persian Empire. The palace also houses several museums, displaying a vast collection of art, manuscripts, and historical artifacts.
Golestan Palace continues to be a vibrant cultural hub, hosting exhibitions, concerts, and cultural events that showcase Iran's artistic and intellectual achievements. It serves as a reminder of the country's glorious past and its enduring commitment to preserving its cultural heritage.
In recognition of its outstanding universal value, Golestan Palace was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2013. This prestigious designation ensures the preservation and protection of this architectural gem for future generations to appreciate and admire.
Visiting Golestan Palace is a journey through time, offering a glimpse into Iran's rich history and architectural brilliance. It stands as a testament to the country's cultural legacy and serves as a source of pride for the Iranian people.
Hotels and places to stay
Homa - Tehran
Ferdowsi International Grand (Hotel-e Bozorg-e Ferdowsi)
Videos from the area
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Large airport - 6 mi (10 km) Imam Khomeini International Airport
Large airport - 24 mi (39 km) Noshahr Airport
Medium airport - 68 mi (110 km) Ramsar Airport
Medium airport - 94 mi (152 km) Babolsar Airport
Small airport - 99 mi (160 km) Dasht-e Naz Airport
Medium airport - 119 mi (192 km) Arak Airport
Small airport - 139 mi (224 km) Rasht Airport
Medium airport - 152 mi (245 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Robat Karim
- Shahr-e Qods
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Bagh Rezvan
- Dehkadeh-ye Towhid
- Dowlatabad-e Qeysariyeh
- Kuy-e Sizdah-e Aban
- Mahalleh-ye Haft Dastgah
- Morteza Gerd
- Qal`eh Beheshti
- Qal`eh Morghi
- Shahrak-e Golriz
- Shahrak-e Komiteh
- Shahrak-e Mas`udiyeh
- Shahrak-e Salehabad
- Shahrak-e Salehabad-e Gharbi
- Shahrak-e Salehabad-e Sharqi
- Shahrak-e `Ala'in
- Valiabad-e Beheshti
- `Emad Avard