Guyana
in South America
South America

National active POI Bordering countries
Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Dollar - GYD
Spoken languages:
English
Local electricity:
120 V / 240 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B, D, G)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
GY
Internet top level domain:
.gy
Country phone prefix:
+592
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Guyana

Guyana with its capital Georgetown is located in South America (Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 214,970 square kilometers (slightly smaller than Idaho) with 737,718 citizens. English is the official language used in Guyana. Brazil, Suriname and Venezuela are bordering countries.

Guyana is a country in north-eastern South America. It has an Atlantic Ocean coastline in the northeast, and lies between Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west, with Brazil to the south. Eco-Tourism is a booming industry in Guyana.

Impressions from the Guyanese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Guyana

Administrative regions of Guyana

About the country

Website: Guyana Tourism

229 South Road
Lacytown
Georgetown

Phone: +592 226 2505
Fax: +592 225 4310
Mail: ministry@mintic.gov.gy

The topography is mostly rolling highlands with low coastal plain as well as savanna in south. The average density of population is about 3 per km². The climate in Guyana can be described as tropicalhot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds, two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January). Potential natural disasters are flash flood threat during rainy seasons.

To reach someone Guyana dial +592 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gy". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 120 V / 240 V - 60 Hz (plugs: A, B, D, G). The sign for the locally used currency Dollar is GYD.

Green with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green; green represents forest and foliage; yellow stands for mineral resources and a bright future; white symbolizes Guyana's rivers; red signifies zeal and the sacrifice of the people; black indicates perseverance.

Flag of Guyana

Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was elected in 2001 and again in 2006. Early elections held in May 2015 resulted in the first change in governing party and the replacement of President Donald RAMOTAR by current President David GRANGER

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 86) 214,969sq km
Land (World Rank: 85) 196,849sq km
Water (World Rank: 33) 18,120sq km
Forest (World Rank: 149) 6.20%
Comparative slightly smaller than Idaho
Coastline
459
Landborder
2933
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 84) 2,775m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 199) 8.40%
Arable (World Rank: 182) 2.10%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 187) 0.10%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 149) 6.20%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 83) 1,430sq km
Map reference
South America
Environment
Issues
  • - deforestation
  • - water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Tropical Timber 83
  • - Tropical Timber 94
Hazzards flash flood threat during rainy seasons
Location
Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Climate
tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
Terrain
mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 165) 737,718
Deathrate (World Rank: 111) 0.74%
Birthrate (World Rank: 122) 1.54%
Growthrate (World Rank: 165) 0.32%
Migration rate (World Rank: 155) -0.48%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 119) 2.00%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 146) 25.90
Female (World Rank: 147) 26.60
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 166) 98,506
0 14 female (World Rank: 166) 94,949
15 24 male (World Rank: 159) 81,487
15 24 female (World Rank: 159) 77,567
25 54 male (World Rank: 163) 146,915
25 54 female (World Rank: 166) 134,145
55 64 male (World Rank: 164) 26,924
55 64 female (World Rank: 161) 32,345
65 x male (World Rank: 166) 18,421
65 x female (World Rank: 161) 26,459
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 63) 3.04%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 162) 69years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 158) 72years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 164) 66years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 144) 0.21
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 107) 2.00
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 113) 83.70%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 102) 20.20%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 75) 98.30%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 148) 1,000,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 160) 800,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 72) 86.80%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 153) 0.20%
Source renew (World Rank: 54) 13.00%
Crude oil
Proved reserves (World Rank: 33) 2,500,000,000bbl
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 152) 13,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 133) 13,250bbl / day
Natural gas
Consumption (World Rank: 158) 9
Carbon footprint
1700000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 132) 3% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 81) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 136) 5% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 138) -5% of GDP
National symbol
Victoria Regia water lily
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Guyanese
Noun
Guyanese (singular and plural)
Background
Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to settlement of urban areas by former slaves and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was elected in 2001 and again in 2006. Early elections held in May 2015 resulted in the first change in governing party and the replacement of President Donald RAMOTAR by current President David GRANGER
Flag description
green with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green; green represents forest and foliage; yellow stands for mineral resources and a bright future; white symbolizes Guyana's rivers; red signifies zeal and the sacrifice of the people; black indicates perseverance

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 171) 6,045,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 84) 3.30%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 147) 7,900USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 57) 17.40%
Source industry (World Rank: 40) 35.90%
Source service (World Rank: 187) 46.80%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 161) 313,800
In poverty (World Rank: 48) 35.00%
Products
Industries
  • - bauxite
  • - gold mining
  • - rice milling
  • - sugar
  • - textiles
  • - timber
Agriculture
  • - beef
  • - edible oils
  • - fish
  • - pork
  • - poultry
  • - rice
  • - shrimp
  • - sugarcane
Exports
  • - alumina
  • - bauxite
  • - gold
  • - molasses
  • - rice
  • - rum
  • - shrimp
  • - sugar
  • - timber
Imports
  • - food
  • - machinery
  • - manufactures
  • - petroleum

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 129) 153,000
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 86) 21.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 174) 73.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 162) 262,425
Population (World Rank: 145) 35.70%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 109) 11.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 34) 106.00
Road
Total length (World Rank: 141) 7,970
Paved length (World Rank: 157) 590
Unpaved length (World Rank: 98) 7,380
Water
Total length (World Rank: 93) 330