Discover Guyana in South America

Guyana with its capital Georgetown is located in South America (Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 214,971 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Idaho) with 770,000 citizens. English is the language commonly used in Guyana. Suriname, Brazil and Venezuela are bordering countries.

Guyana is a country in north-eastern South America. It has an Atlantic Ocean coastline in the northeast, and lies between Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west, with Brazil to the south. Eco-Tourism is a booming industry in Guyana.

Pictures from the Guyanese capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what Georgetown is like. We have selected more pictures from Georgetown on our dedicated gallery page.

Awesome photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Landscape, climate, hints for travelling

National Tourism Office

Website: Guyana Tourism

229 South Road
Lacytown
Georgetown

Phone: +592 226 2505
Phone: +592 225 4310

The landscape features mostly rolling highlands with low coastal plain and savanna in south. The average density of population is about 4 per km². The climate in Guyana can be described as tropical with hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds, two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January). Potential threats by nature are flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons.

To reach someone in Guyana dial +592 prior to a number. There are 130,000 installed telephones. And there are 281,400 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gy". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 60Hz.


Description of the flag of Guyana

Green, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green; green represents forest and foliage; yellow stands for mineral resources and a bright future; white symbolizes Guyana's rivers; red signifies zeal and the sacrifice of the people; black indicates perseverance.


National administrative regions of Guyana


Historical background information

Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006. Donald RAMOTAR was elected president in 2011.

Demographic Information

Guyana has 8 citizens over the age of 100 years. Female citizens make up for 6 of this count (which is 75%). 70,155 kids are between the age of of 0-5 years (and make up for 9% of the total population). 17.6 babies are born per thousand citizens.

Guyanese Age Distribution

Blue bars represent male citizens. Red bars represent female citizens. A pair or bars represents a single age group spanning five years each. Data has been released 2011.

Gender Distribution (Full Population)

Total share of male (blue) and female (red) citizens of the total population of Guyana

Growth of Population (per thousands)

Babies born per thousand citizens (blue) and deaths (red) over the past ten years.

Geography And Economy Facts

Geographic Fact Data
Summary Continent: South America
Neighbours: Suriname, Brazil, Venezuela
Capital: Georgetown
Size 214,970 square kilometers (km² or sqkm) or 83,000 square miles (mi² or sqmi)
slightly smaller than Idaho
Population 770,000

Economy Facts

Technology and Economy Data
Currency Name: Dollar, Currency Code: GYD
Country Top Level Domain (cTLD) .gy
Telephone Country Prefix +592
Mobile Phone Connections 281,400
Landline Phone Connections 130,000
Military Spendings 1.8% (of GDP, Gross Domestic Product)

Country Position in World Rankings

Information about single country attributes and how these compare against the rest of the world. The information below is compiled with data from 2013. As such, it may differ a bit to the Information above in the text (which is from 2010).

Geography

Type of Data Value World Rank
Area 214,969 (sq km) 85

People and Society

Type of Data Value World Rank
Population 739,903 164
Population growth rate -0.21 (%) 213
Birth rate 16.31 (births/1,000 population) 122
Death rate 7.18 (deaths/1,000 population) 125
Net migration rate -11.21 (migrant(s)/1,000 population) 213
Maternal mortality rate 280.00 (deaths/100,000 live births) 41
Infant mortality rate 34.45 (deaths/1,000 live births) 66
Life expectancy at birth 67.68 (years) 162
Total fertility rate 2.21 (children born/woman) 101
Health expenditures 5.40 (% of GDP) 123
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 1.20 (%) 43
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 5,900 117
HIV/AIDS - deaths 500 91
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 17.20 (%) 113
Children under the age of 5 years underweight 11.10 (%) 66
Education expenditures 3.60 (% of GDP) 123
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 46.1 (%) 8

Economy

Type of Data Value World Rank
GDP (purchasing power parity) 6,256,000,000 164
GDP - real growth rate 3.30 (%) 102
GDP - per capita (PPP) 8,100 132
Labor force 313,100 164
Unemployment rate 11.00 (%) 118
Distribution of family income - Gini index 45 44
Investment (gross fixed) 29.60 (% of GDP) 23
Taxes and other revenues 22.5 (% of GDP) 141
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) -5.90 (% of GDP) 170
Public debt 66.10 (% of GDP) 41
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 3.10 (%) 80
Central bank discount rate 4.25 (%) 84
Commercial bank prime lending rate 14.45 (%) 51
Stock of narrow money 462,400,000 159
Stock of broad money 1,696,000,000 154
Stock of domestic credit 1,097,000,000 156
Market value of publicly traded shares 339,800,000 111
Industrial production growth rate 0.30 (%) 140
Current account balance -324,800,000 85
Exports 1,229,000,000 153
Imports 1,850,000,000 165
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold 1,002,000,000 138
Debt - external 1,234,000,000 152

Energy

Type of Data Value World Rank
Electricity - production 817,000,000 (kWh) 153
Electricity - consumption 683,000,000 (kWh) 160
Electricity - installed generating capacity 343000 (kW) 147
Electricity - from fossil fuels 99.7 (% of total installed capacity) 52
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants 0.3 (% of total installed capacity) 147
Refined petroleum products - consumption 10,910 (bbl/day) 152
Refined petroleum products - imports 10,680 (bbl/day) 132
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy 1,520,000 (Mt) 154

Communications

Type of Data Value World Rank
Telephones - main lines in use 152,600 134
Telephones - mobile cellular 528,800 165
Internet hosts 24,936 112
Internet users 189,600 142

Transportation

Type of Data Value World Rank
Airports 98 59
Roadways 7,970 (km) 141
Waterways 330 (km) 92
Merchant marine 10 114

Military

Type of Data Value World Rank
Military expenditures 1.90 (% of GDP) 69

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010, 2013 and 2014, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia, national statistical offices and their census releases as well as other sources.