Explore Guyana in South America

Guyana
Country Guide

Map of the area of  in

Guyana with its capital Georgetown is located in South America (Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean). It covers some 214,971 square kilometres (slightly smaller than Idaho) with 770,000 citizens. English is the language commonly used in Guyana. Suriname, Brazil and Venezuela are bordering countries.

Guyana is a country in north-eastern South America. It has an Atlantic Ocean coastline in the northeast, and lies between Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west, with Brazil to the south. Eco-Tourism is a booming industry in Guyana.

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Landscape, climate and basic hints for travelling

National Tourism office

Website: Guyana Tourism

229 South Road
Lacytown
Georgetown

Phone: +592 226 2505
Phone: +592 225 4310

The landscape features mostly rolling highlands with low coastal plain and savanna in south. The average density of population is about 4 per km². The climate in Guyana can be described as tropical with hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds, two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January). Potential threats by nature are flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons.

To reach someone in Guyana dial +592 prior to a number. There are 130,000 installed telephones. And there are 281,400 registered mobile phones. The cellular networks operate on frequencies of 900 Mhz. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".gy". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery charger), keep in mind the local 240V - 60Hz.

Learn more on our Guyanese Facts page.

Description of the flag of Guyana

Green, with a red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) superimposed on a long, yellow arrowhead; there is a narrow, black border between the red and yellow, and a narrow, white border between the yellow and the green; green represents forest and foliage; yellow stands for mineral resources and a bright future; white symbolizes Guyana's rivers; red signifies zeal and the sacrifice of the people; black indicates perseverance.

National administrative regions of Guyana

Historical background information

Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. The resulting ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006. Donald RAMOTAR was elected president in 2011.

Learn more on our Guyanese Facts page.

Based on the content from wikitravel.org. The original article can be found here based on the work of these users. Geography information is based on the data provided by geonames.org, CIA world facts book Edition 2010 and 2013, Unesco, DBpedia, wikipedia and others.