Mozambique
in Eastern Africa
Africa

Location Summary
Currency and Currency Code:
Meticail - MZN
Spoken languages:
Portuguese
Local electricity:
220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F, M)
Mobile phone / cellular frequencies (MHz):
900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G
ISO 2-Letter code:
MZ
Internet top level domain:
.mz
Country phone prefix:
+258
Local Time (capital):
Timezone:
UTC/GMT offset: hours

Explore Mozambique

Mozambique with its capital Maputo is located in Africa (Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel). It covers some 799,381 square kilometers (slightly more than five times the size of Georgia) with 26,573,700 citizens. Portuguese is the language commonly spoken used by the people in Mozambique. Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe are bordering countries.

Mozambique is a country on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa. From the 2,436m Monte Binga peak to the stunning beaches along the coast, Mozambique is a country of contrasts. As well as some of the best colonial era architecture and relics to be found on the continent, Mozambique has also preserved its African cultural heritage, which can be experienced through art, music and food. Almost all of Mozambique falls within the tropics and as such, Mozambique features a mostly tropical climate.

Impressions from the Mozambican capital

Have a look at our dedicated photo collection to get a view of what New Delhi is like. We have selected more pictures from New Delhi on our dedicated gallery page.

Popular Destinations in Mozambique

Administrative regions of Mozambique

About the country

The landscape is mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west. The average density of population is about 33 per km². The climate in Mozambique can be described as tropical to subtropical. Potential threats by nature are devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces severe droughts

To reach someone Mozambique dial +258 prior to a number. The local cellular networks are operated on 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 3G, 4G. Websites typically end with the top level domain ".mz". If you want to bring electric appliances (e.g. battery chaarger), keep in min the local 220 V - 50 Hz (plugs: C, F, M). The sign for the locally used currency Meticail is MZN.

Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book; green represents the riches of the land, white peace, black the African continent, yellow the country's minerals, and red the struggle for independence; the rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance, the hoe refers to the country's agriculture, the open book stresses the importance of education, and the star represents Marxism and internationalism.

Flag of Mozambique

Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid-1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando GUEBUZA, served two terms and then passed executive power to Filipe NYUSI in 2014. RENAMO’s residual armed forces have continued to engage in a low-level insurgency since 2012.

Geography

Area
Total (World Rank: 36) 799,380sq km
Land (World Rank: 35) 786,380sq km
Water (World Rank: 40) 13,000sq km
Forest (World Rank: 20) 49.60%
Comparative slightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California
Coastline
2470
Landborder
4783
Elevation
Highest point (World Rank: 105) 2,436m
Agricultural land
Total (World Rank: 52) 56.30%
Arable (World Rank: 140) 6.40%
Permanent crops (World Rank: 163) 0.30%
Permanent pastures (World Rank: 20) 49.60%
Irrigated land (World Rank: 87) 1,180sq km
Map reference
Africa
Environment
Issues
  • - desertification
  • - elephant poaching for ivory is a problem
  • - increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences
  • - pollution of surface and coastal waters
Agreement party
  • - Biodiversity
  • - Climate Change
  • - Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
  • - Desertification
  • - Endangered Species
  • - Hazardous Wastes
  • - Law of the Sea
  • - Ozone Layer Protection
  • - Ship Pollution
  • - Wetlands
Hazzards
  • - devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces
  • - severe droughts
Location
Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Climate
tropical to subtropical
Terrain
mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

People

Population
Total (World Rank: 50) 26,573,700
Deathrate (World Rank: 25) 1.16%
Birthrate (World Rank: 11) 3.81%
Growthrate (World Rank: 21) 2.46%
Migration rate (World Rank: 125) -0.19%
Fertility rate (World Rank: 11) 5.08%
Median age
Male (World Rank: 219) 16.60
Female (World Rank: 216) 17.80
Age structure
0 14 male (World Rank: 30) 5,975,410
0 14 female (World Rank: 29) 5,908,510
15 24 male (World Rank: 41) 2,824,010
15 24 female (World Rank: 39) 2,907,030
25 54 male (World Rank: 61) 3,409,420
25 54 female (World Rank: 58) 3,875,840
55 64 male (World Rank: 78) 435,203
55 64 female (World Rank: 79) 468,939
65 x male (World Rank: 79) 352,546
65 x female (World Rank: 83) 416,793
Health
Infant mortality rate (World Rank: 13) 6.59%
Life expectancy total (World Rank: 212) 54years
Life expectancy female (World Rank: 213) 55years
Life expectancy male (World Rank: 212) 53years
Physicians per 1000 (World Rank: 171) 0.06
Hospital bed per 1000 (World Rank: 158) 0.70
Sanitation access total (World Rank: 192) 20.50%
Obesity adult (World Rank: 160) 7.20%
Drinking water access (World Rank: 201) 51.10%

Energy

Electricity
Production (World Rank: 75) 19,580,000,000kWh
Consumption (World Rank: 81) 13,860,000,000kWh
Export (World Rank: 17) 12,880,000,000kWh
Import (World Rank: 23) 10,550,000,000kWh
Source fossil (World Rank: 198) 14.00%
Source nuclear (World Rank: 12) 85.60%
Source renew (World Rank: 145) 0.50%
Refined products
Consumption (World Rank: 131) 23,000bbl / day
Import (World Rank: 113) 21,890bbl / day
Natural gas
Production (World Rank: 49) 5,695,000,000
Consumption (World Rank: 79) 2,726,000,000
Export (World Rank: 33) 3,800,000,000
Carbon footprint
3900000

Nation

Budget
Education (World Rank: 23) 7% of GDP
Military (World Rank: 111) 1% of GDP
Health (World Rank: 82) 7% of GDP
Surplus (World Rank: 188) -9% of GDP
National colours
yellow
Adjective
Mozambican
Noun
Mozambican(s)
Background
Almost five centuries as a Portuguese colony came to a close with independence in 1975. Large-scale emigration, economic dependence on South Africa, a severe drought, and a prolonged civil war hindered the country's development until the mid-1990s. The ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) party formally abandoned Marxism in 1989, and a new constitution the following year provided for multiparty elections and a free market economy. A UN-negotiated peace agreement between FRELIMO and rebel Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) forces ended the fighting in 1992. In 2004, Mozambique underwent a delicate transition as Joaquim CHISSANO stepped down after 18 years in office. His elected successor, Armando GUEBUZA, served two terms and then passed executive power to Filipe NYUSI in 2014. RENAMO’s residual armed forces have continued to engage in a low-level insurgency since 2012.
Flag description
three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book; green represents the riches of the land, white peace, black the African continent, yellow the country's minerals, and red the struggle for independence; the rifle symbolizes defense and vigilance, the hoe refers to the country's agriculture, the open book stresses the importance of education, and the star represents Marxism and internationalism

Economy

Gdp
Purchasing power parity (World Rank: 123) 35,080,000,000USD
Real growth rate (World Rank: 70) 3.80%
Per capita purchasing power parity (World Rank: 219) 1,200USD
Source agriculture (World Rank: 31) 24.80%
Source industry (World Rank: 137) 21.60%
Source service (World Rank: 159) 53.60%
Labourforce
Total (World Rank: 44) 12,500,000
In poverty (World Rank: 30) 46.10%
Products
Industries
  • - aluminum
  • - asbestos
  • - beverages
  • - cement
  • - chemicals
  • - fertilizer
  • - food
  • - glass
  • - paints
  • - petroleum products
  • - soap
  • - textiles
  • - tobacco
Agriculture
  • - beef
  • - cashew nuts
  • - cassava
  • - citrus
  • - coconuts
  • - corn
  • - cotton
  • - manioc
  • - potatoes
  • - poultry
  • - sisal
  • - sugarcane
  • - sunflowers
  • - tapioca
  • - tea
  • - tropical fruits
Exports
  • - aluminum
  • - bulk electricity
  • - cashews
  • - citrus
  • - cotton
  • - prawns
  • - sugar
  • - timber
Imports
  • - chemicals
  • - equipment
  • - foodstuffs
  • - fuel
  • - machinery
  • - metal products
  • - textiles
  • - vehicles

Communication

Phone
Landline total (World Rank: 144) 84,310
Landline per 100 (World Rank: 203) 1.00
Mobile per 100 (World Rank: 178) 71.00
Assessment 0
Internet
Users (World Rank: 81) 4,543,280
Population (World Rank: 194) 17.50%

Transport

Air
Airports paved (World Rank: 75) 21.00
Airports unpaved (World Rank: 47) 77.00
Rail
Total length (World Rank: 40) 4,787
Road
Total length (World Rank: 96) 31,083
Paved length (World Rank: 83) 7,365
Unpaved length (World Rank: 60) 23,718
Water
Total length (World Rank: 87) 460