Facts and Data
Unesco World heritage since: 2009
Size of heritage: 141,903 ha
- Buffer zone: 89,267 ha
The site of the Dolomites comprises a mountain range in the northern Italian Alps, numbering 18 peaks which rise to above 3,000 metres and cover 141,903 ha. It features some of the most beautiful mountain landscapes anywhere, with vertical walls, sheer cliffs and a high density of narrow, deep and long valleys. A serial property of nine areas that present a diversity of spectacular landscapes of international significance for geomorphology marked by steeples, pinnacles and rock walls, the site also contains glacial landforms and karst systems. It is characterized by dynamic processes with frequent landslides, floods and avalanches. The property also features one of the best examples of the preservation of Mesozoic carbonate platform systems, with fossil records.
Location on Map
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The Dolomites: A UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Dolomites, located in northeastern Italy, are a breathtaking mountain range that has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2009. With their unique geological features, rich biodiversity, and cultural significance, the Dolomites attract millions of visitors each year.
The history of the Dolomites dates back millions of years when they were formed as a result of the gradual deposition of marine sediments and subsequent tectonic movements. Named after the French geologist Déodat de Dolomieu, who first studied their composition, the Dolomites are renowned for their distinctive pale-colored rock formations.
Throughout history, the Dolomites have been inhabited by various cultures, including the Rhaetians, Romans, and Bavarians. These diverse influences have shaped the region's unique cultural heritage, which is reflected in its architecture, traditions, and cuisine.
During World War I, the Dolomites became a significant battleground between Italian and Austro-Hungarian forces. The remnants of this conflict, including trenches, tunnels, and fortifications, can still be seen today, serving as a reminder of the region's turbulent past.
The Dolomites are not only a natural wonder but also a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. The region offers a wide range of activities, including hiking, climbing, skiing, and mountain biking. Its extensive network of trails and well-maintained infrastructure make it accessible to both experienced adventurers and casual visitors.
One of the most popular destinations within the Dolomites is Cortina d'Ampezzo, a charming alpine town that hosted the Winter Olympics in 1956. Known for its world-class ski resorts and picturesque landscapes, Cortina d'Ampezzo attracts winter sports enthusiasts from around the globe.
The Dolomites are also home to a rich and diverse flora and fauna. The region boasts over 2,000 plant species, including several endemic varieties. Its forests are inhabited by a variety of wildlife, such as chamois, ibex, and golden eagles. The Dolomites' exceptional biodiversity has led to the establishment of several nature reserves and protected areas, ensuring the preservation of its unique ecosystems.
Furthermore, the Dolomites' cultural heritage is celebrated through numerous festivals, events, and museums. Visitors can explore traditional mountain huts, known as "rifugi," where they can savor local cuisine and experience the warm hospitality of the locals. The region's cultural traditions, including folk music, dances, and handicrafts, are proudly preserved and showcased.
Preserving the Dolomites' natural and cultural heritage is of utmost importance. Efforts are being made to promote sustainable tourism practices, protect the fragile ecosystems, and raise awareness about the region's significance. The Dolomites' UNESCO World Heritage status serves as a testament to their outstanding universal value and ensures their preservation for future generations to enjoy.
In conclusion, the Dolomites in Italy are a remarkable UNESCO World Heritage site that combines stunning natural beauty, rich biodiversity, and a fascinating cultural heritage. Whether it's exploring the majestic peaks, immersing oneself in the local traditions, or indulging in thrilling outdoor activities, the Dolomites offer an unforgettable experience for all who visit.
Hotels and places to stay
Boutique Hotel Villa Blu
Videos from the area
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Small airport - 31 mi (50 km) Bolzano Airport
Medium airport - 41 mi (67 km) Innsbruck Airport
Medium airport - 59 mi (96 km) Trento / Mattarello Airport
Medium airport - 64 mi (104 km) Treviso / Sant'Angelo Airport
Large airport - 67 mi (108 km) Venezia / Tessera - Marco Polo Airport
Large airport - 77 mi (125 km) Vicenza Airport
Medium airport - 78 mi (126 km) Padova Airport
Medium airport - 85 mi (138 km) Verona / Villafranca Airport
Large airport - 104 mi (168 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Calalzo di Cadore
- Colle Santa Lucia
- Cortina d'Ampezzo
- La Valle - Wengen
- Livinallongo del Col di Lana
- Pieve di Cadore
- Rasun Anterselva - Rasen-Antholz
- Rocca Pietore
- San Candido
- San Genesio
- San Martino
- San Vigilio
- San Vito
- Selva di Cadore
- Valdaora di Mezzo
- Valle di Cadore
- Valle di Casies - Gsies
- Zoppe di Cadore
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.