Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2004
Size of heritage: 327 ha
- Buffer zone: 4,932 ha
These two large Etruscan cemeteries reflect different types of burial practices from the 9th to the 1st century BC, and bear witness to the achievements of Etruscan culture. Which over nine centuries developed the earliest urban civilization in the northern Mediterranean. Some of the tombs are monumental, cut in rock and topped by impressive tumuli (burial mounds). Many feature carvings on their walls, others have wall paintings of outstanding quality. The necropolis near Cerveteri, known as Banditaccia, contains thousands of tombs organized in a city-like plan, with streets, small squares and neighbourhoods. The site contains very different types of tombs: trenches cut in rock; tumuli; and some, also carved in rock, in the shape of huts or houses with a wealth of structural details. These provide the only surviving evidence of Etruscan residential architecture. The necropolis of Tarquinia, also known as Monterozzi, contains 6,000 graves cut in the rock. It is famous for its 200 painted tombs, the earliest of which date from the 7th century BC.
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Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia
The Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia, located in the Provinces of Rome and Viterbo in the Latium region of Italy, are two remarkable UNESCO World Heritage sites that provide a glimpse into the ancient Etruscan civilization. These necropolises, or burial grounds, are a testament to the rich cultural and artistic heritage of the Etruscans, who thrived in central Italy from the 9th to the 1st century BCE.
The Etruscans were a highly advanced civilization that predated the Roman Empire. They were known for their sophisticated art, architecture, and engineering skills. The necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia were created as burial sites for the Etruscan elite, reflecting their beliefs and customs surrounding death and the afterlife.
Cerveteri, known as Caere in ancient times, was one of the most important Etruscan cities. The necropolis of Cerveteri, known as Banditaccia, covers an area of over 400 hectares and contains thousands of tombs, including impressive tumuli, or burial mounds. These tombs were constructed using stone and decorated with intricate frescoes depicting scenes from Etruscan life and mythology.
Tarquinia, known as Tarchuna in ancient times, was another significant Etruscan city. The necropolis of Tarquinia, known as Monterozzi, is located on a hillside and contains over 6,000 tombs. These tombs, carved into the rock, feature elaborate wall paintings that provide valuable insights into Etruscan society, including their religious beliefs, social hierarchy, and daily life.
The Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia are exceptionally well-preserved, offering visitors a unique opportunity to explore the ancient Etruscan world. The tombs, with their intricate decorations and architectural features, provide a fascinating glimpse into the artistic and cultural achievements of the Etruscans.
Efforts have been made to protect and conserve these sites, ensuring their long-term preservation. The necropolises are managed by local authorities and are open to the public, allowing visitors to explore the tombs and learn about the Etruscan civilization through guided tours and informative displays.
Both necropolises have visitor centers that provide detailed information about the history, art, and archaeology of the sites. These centers also offer educational programs and exhibitions to enhance visitors' understanding and appreciation of the Etruscan culture.
The Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia are not only significant for their historical and archaeological value but also for their contribution to our understanding of the Etruscan civilization. These sites have played a crucial role in unraveling the mysteries of this ancient culture, shedding light on their customs, beliefs, and artistic achievements.
As UNESCO World Heritage sites, the Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia are recognized as outstanding examples of human creativity and cultural significance. They serve as a reminder of the rich and diverse heritage of Italy and the importance of preserving and celebrating our shared history.
Hotels and places to stay
Agriturismo Casale di Gricciano
La Posta Vecchia Hotel
B&B La Casetta Ladispoli
Agriturismo 4 Ricci
Village Sport Holidays
Agriturismo LB Stud
Videos from the area
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Large airport - 16 mi (26 km) Ciampino Airport
Large airport - 29 mi (47 km) Rieti Airport
Small airport - 48 mi (78 km) Latina Airport
Medium airport - 53 mi (85 km) Frosinone Military Airport
Small airport - 67 mi (108 km) Grosseto Airport
Medium airport - 74 mi (120 km) Perugia / San Egidio Airport
Medium airport - 78 mi (126 km) Arezzo Airport
Small airport - 101 mi (163 km) Nápoli / Capodichino International Airport
Large airport - 137 mi (221 km) Pisa / San Giusto - Galileo Galilei International Airport
Large airport - 145 mi (233 km) Bologna / Borgo Panigale Airport
Large airport - 179 mi (289 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Anguillara Sabazia
- Barbarano Romano
- Bassano Romano
- Canale Monterano
- Fiumicino-Isola Sacra
- Oriolo Romano
- Santa Marinella
- Trevignano Romano
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.
- Casal dei Venti
- Castel Giuliano
- Due Casette
- Fontanile del Cecio
- Fontanile della Regina
- Fosso dell'Isolotto
- Fosso di Valle del Canneto
- G.B. Raimondi
- Le Capanne
- Monte San Marco
- Piano del Candeliere
- Podere Augusta
- Procoio di Ceri
- Valle del Canneto