Facts and Data
Official Unesco Page
Unesco World heritage since: 2014
Size of heritage: 16 ha
- Buffer zone: 268 ha
Erbil Citadel is a fortified settlement on top of an imposing ovoid-shaped tell (a hill created by many generations of people living and rebuilding on the same spot) in the Kurdistan region, Erbil Governorate. A continuous wall of tall 19th-century façades still conveys the visual impression of an impregnable fortress, dominating the city of Erbil. The citadel features a peculiar fan-like pattern dating back to Erbil’s late Ottoman phase. Written and iconographic historical records document the antiquity of settlement on the site – Erbil corresponds to ancient Arbela, an important Assyrian political and religious centre – while archaeological finds and investigations suggest that the mound conceals the levels and remains of previous settlements.
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Pictures from around the area
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Hotels and places to stay
Erbil International Hotel
ANKAWA ROYAL HOTEL SPA
Van Royal Hotel Erbil
MARIANA HOTEL ERBIL
Canyon Hotel Erbil
Erbil Arjaan by Rotana
Grand Palace Hotel Hotel
Videos from the area
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Medium airport - 4 mi (7 km) Mosul International Airport
Medium airport - 49 mi (79 km) Bamarni Airport
Small airport - 75 mi (121 km) Sulaymaniyah International Airport
Medium airport - 85 mi (138 km) Urmia Airport
Medium airport - 118 mi (190 km) Sahand Airport
Small airport - 142 mi (229 km) Van Ferit Melen Airport
Medium airport - 162 mi (261 km) Khoy Airport
Small airport - 163 mi (263 km) Tabriz International Airport
Large airport - 182 mi (293 km) Baghdad International Airport
Large airport - 203 mi (327 km) Zvartnots International Airport
Large airport - 274 mi (442 km) Erzurum International Airport
Large airport - 302 mi (487 km)
Bigger and popular cities in the wider vicinity are these:
- Al Qayyarah
- Ash Sharqat
- Ash Shaykhan
- Nahiyat Hiran
These are some smaller cities that might be interesting. They are all rather close.